How to format your references using the Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spurgeon, D. (2000). Ontario joins the genomics goldrush. Nature 404, 692.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada, J. L., and Lazcano, A. (2002). Origin of life. Some like it hot, but not the first biomolecules. Science 296, 1982–1983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rikkinen, J., Oksanen, I., and Lohtander, K. (2002). Lichen guilds share related cyanobacterial symbionts. Science 297, 357.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huxley, A., Rodiere, P., Paul, D. M., van Dijk N, Cubitt, R., and Flouquet, J. (2000). Realignment of the flux-line lattice by a change in the symmetry of superconductivity in UPt3. Nature 406, 160–164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holzer, S. M. (2015). Statische Beurteilung Historischer Tragwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Taniguchi, N., Endo, T., Hart, G. W., Seeberger, P. H., and Wong, C.-H. eds. (2015). Glycoscience: Biology and Medicine. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Pieschl, S., Stahl, E., and Bromme, R. (2013). “Adaptation to Context as Core Component of Self-Regulated Learning: The Example of Complexity and Epistemic Beliefs,” in International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies Springer International Handbooks of Education., eds. R. Azevedo and V. Aleven (New York, NY: Springer), 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Cancer Drugs Help Paralyzed Mice Walk Again. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Information Technology: VA and DOD Are Making Progress in Sharing Medical Information, but Remain Far from Having Comprehensive Electronic Medical Records. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roettger, M. E. (2008). Three essays on social inequality and the U.S. criminal justice system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008). The Bolshoi Ballet Appoints a New Artistic Director. New York Times, E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Spurgeon, 2000; Bada and Lazcano, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bada and Lazcano, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Huxley et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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