How to format your references using the Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gwynne, P. (2013). Technology: Mobility machines. Nature 503, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lincoln, T. A., and Joyce, G. F. (2009). Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science 323, 1229–1232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Szolnoki, A., and Perc, M. (2013). Optimal interdependence between networks for the evolution of cooperation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2470.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baker, A. C., Starger, C. J., McClanahan, T. R., and Glynn, P. W. (2004). Coral reefs: corals’ adaptive response to climate change. Nature 430, 741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, M. C. (2005). LC/MS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brils, J., Brack, W., Müller-Grabherr, D., Négrel, P., and Vermaat, J. E. eds. (2014). Risk-Informed Management of European River Basins. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shmaliy, Y. (2007). “LTI Systems in the Frequency Domain (Transform Analysis),” in Continuous-Time Systems, ed. Y. Shmaliy (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 239–347.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Several Cancers Caused By The Same Genetic Mutations. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). The Job Training Partnership Act: Abuse of On-The-Job Training and Other Contracting Is an Ongoing Problem. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardiman, B. S. (2012). Resilience of Forest Carbon Storage through Disturbance and Succession.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., and Grynbaum, M. M. (2017). An Anchor Becomes the News. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gwynne, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lincoln and Joyce, 2009; Gwynne, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lincoln and Joyce, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Baker et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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