How to format your references using the Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, D. F. (2007). Climate change. Reassessing carbon sinks. Science 316, 1708–1709.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zindl, C. L., and Chaplin, D. D. (2010). Immunology. Tumor immune evasion. Science 328, 697–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tahir, M., MacKinnon, A., and Schwingenschlögl, U. (2014). Novel spectral features of nanoelectromechanical systems. Sci. Rep. 4, 4035.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hori, M., Sótér, A., Barna, D., Dax, A., Hayano, R., Friedreich, S., et al. (2011). Two-photon laser spectroscopy of antiprotonic helium and the antiproton-to-electron mass ratio. Nature 475, 484–488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara, O., Campos-Gaona, D., Moreno-Goytia, E., and Adam, G. (2014). Offshore Wind Energy Generation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Koops, B. J., Lüthy, C. H., Nelis, A., Sieburgh, C., Jansen, J. P. M., and Schmid, M. S. eds. (2013). Engineering the Human: Human Enhancement Between Fiction and Fascination. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Luderer, B., Nollau, V., and Vetters, K. (2010). “Sequences and Series,” in Mathematical Formulas for Economists, eds. V. Nollau and K. Vetters (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 21–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Daylight Savings Is Linked To Injuries And Heart Attacks, Is It Time To Scrap It? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, M. (2017). Numerical Investigation of Encapsulation Technology in Polymer Flooding Processes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., and Hubbard, B. (2017). As Saudis Open Up, Investors Tiptoe In. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2007; Zindl and Chaplin, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zindl and Chaplin, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hori et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Drug Metabolism and Transport
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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