How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Wilczek, “Physics: The enigmatic electron,” Nature, vol. 498, no. 7452, pp. 31–32, Jun. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. T. Fasullo and K. E. Trenberth, “A less cloudy future: the role of subtropical subsidence in climate sensitivity,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6108, pp. 792–794, Nov. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Alonso, F. Sagués, and A. S. Mikhailov, “Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5613, pp. 1722–1725, Mar. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Demetriou, M. Granovsky, S. Quaggin, and J. W. Dennis, “Negative regulation of T-cell activation and autoimmunity by Mgat5 N-glycosylation,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6821, pp. 733–739, Feb. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Micouin, Model-Based Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
D. Filippini, Ed., Autonomous Sensor Networks: Collective Sensing Strategies for Analytical Purposes, vol. 13. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Du, X. Wang, and J. Yao, “Probability Based Timed Compatibility of Web Service Composition,” in Practical Applications of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011), Y. Wang and T. Li, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Atlantropa: The Colossal 1920s Plan To Dam The Mediterranean And Create A Supercontinent,” IFLScience, 17-Sep-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Proposed Legislation to Fund and Establish a Nonprofit National Center for Long-Term Environmental Research,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-140579, Jun. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. M. Messian, “The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, “Sex, Drugs and Archie,” New York Times, p. C2, 25-Jan-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Electron.
ISSN (print)0885-8993
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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