How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Kulmala, “Atmospheric science. How particles nucleate and grow,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5647, pp. 1000–1001, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Louf and M. Barthelemy, “How congestion shapes cities: from mobility patterns to scaling,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5561, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Ng, W. Cai, and K. Walsh, “The role of the SST-thermocline relationship in Indian Ocean Dipole skewness and its response to global warming,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6034, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. R. Parker, V. L. Welch, D. Driver, and N. Martini, “Structural colour: opal analogue discovered in a weevil,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6968, pp. 786–787, Dec. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. L. Strome, Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
K. Arai, S. Kapoor, and R. Bhatia, Eds., Intelligent Systems in Science and Information 2014: Extended and Selected Results from the Science and Information Conference 2014, vol. 591. in Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol. 591. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
C. E. Adkins, R. K. Mittapalli, K. A. Bohn, A. Bansal, V. K. Venishetty, and P. R. Lockman, “Vascular Permeability Within Brain Metastases,” in Central Nervous System Metastasis, the Biological Basis and Clinical Considerations, D. Palmieri, Ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012, pp. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Hypospadias: The Cause Of Penis Malformation Is Still A Matter Of Debate,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “More Can Be Done To Improve the Department of Agriculture’s Commodity Donation Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, CED-81-83, Jul. 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Perelygin, “Developing physics simulations with OpenCL on a graphics processing unit,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: More Delay In Final Verdict For Tycoon,” New York Times, p. A8, May 18, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Electron.
ISSN (print)0885-8993
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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