How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Stern, “Glia. Glee for glia. Introduction,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6005, p. 773, Nov. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Ahn and E. J. Brook, “Atmospheric CO2 and climate on millennial time scales during the last glacial period,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5898, pp. 83–85, Oct. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. H. Schmidt, R. Houang, and L. S. Cogan, “Education. Preparing future math teachers,” Science, vol. 332, no. 6035, pp. 1266–1267, Jun. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Sondermann, C. Scheufler, C. Schneider, J. Hohfeld, F. U. Hartl, and I. Moarefi, “Structure of a Bag/Hsc70 complex: convergent functional evolution of Hsp70 nucleotide exchange factors,” Science, vol. 291, no. 5508, pp. 1553–1557, Feb. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Verdu, Oxidative Ageing of Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
G. T. Houlsby, Principles of Hyperplasticity: An Approach to Plasticity Theory Based on Thermodynamic Principles. London: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Blake Simpson and E. J. Cheung, “Evaluation of Vocal Fold Paralysis,” in Vocal Fold Paralysis, L. Sulica and A. Blitzer, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 55–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Bronze Age Weapons And Stone Age Structures Discovered Beneath Scotland,” IFLScience, Feb. 21, 2017. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Agencies Are Taking Steps to Assist States and Local Agencies in Coordinating Transportation Services,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-04-420R, Feb. 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Belic, “Complement Verb Variation in Present-Day Serbian,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Herrman, “Platform Companies Are Becoming More Powerful — but What Exactly Do They Want?,” New York Times, p. MM16, Mar. 21, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Electron.
ISSN (print)0885-8993
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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