How to format your references using the Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eagleman, D. M. (2005). Comment on “The involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex in the experience of regret.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5726), 1260; author reply 1260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freedman, D. J., & Assad, J. A. (2006). Experience-dependent representation of visual categories in parietal cortex. Nature, 443(7107), 85–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haince, J.-F., Rouleau, M., & Poirier, G. G. (2006). Transcription. Gene expression needs a break to unwind before carrying on. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1752–1753.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, J., Ning, Y., Hedley, W., Saunders, B., Chen, Y., Tindill, N., Hannay, T., & Subramaniam, S. (2002). The Molecule Pages database. Nature, 420(6916), 716–717.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuehni, R. G. (2012). Color. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nguyen, N. T., Blackstone, R. P., Morton, J. M., Ponce, J., & Rosenthal, R. J. (Eds.). (2015). The ASMBS Textbook of Bariatric Surgery: Volume 1: Bariatric Surgery. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Danis, R. P., & Bingaman, D. P. (2008). Neovascularization in Models of Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion. In J. S. Penn (Ed.), Retinal and Choroidal Angiogenesis (pp. 103–117). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, May 12). The Real-Life Planets And Moons That Resemble Worlds In “Star Wars.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Update on Federal Matching and Maintenance of Effort Requirements for California (GGD-80-63). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterjee, K. (2012). A probabilistic mechanistic approach for assessing the rupture frequency of small modular reactor steam generator tubes using uncertain inputs from in-service inspections [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, June 29). On Court That Defied Labeling, Kennedy Made the Boldest Mark. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eagleman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Eagleman, 2005; Freedman & Assad, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freedman & Assad, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Haince et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention
ISSN (print)0227-5910
ISSN (online)2151-2396
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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