How to format your references using the Culture and Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Culture and Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayer, Mark L. 2006. “Glutamate Receptors at Atomic Resolution.” Nature 440 (7083): 456–462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miltat, J., and A. Thiaville. 2002. “Ferromagnetism. Vortex Cores--Smaller than Small.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5593): 555.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hauke, Philipp, Luca Tagliacozzo, and Maciej Lewenstein. 2012. “Physics. Speeding up Quantum Field Theories.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6085): 1122–1123.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Swedlow, Jason R., Ilya Goldberg, Erik Brauner, and Peter K. Sorger. 2003. “Informatics and Quantitative Analysis in Biological Imaging.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5616): 100–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharpe, Neil F., and Ronald F. Carter. 2005. Genetic Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Greiner, Alfred. 2015. Public Debt, Sustainability and Economic Growth: Theory and Empirics. Edited by Bettina Fincke. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahrend, Rudiger. 2006. “Russia’s Economic Expansion 1999–2005.” In Return to Growth in CIS Countries: Monetary Policy and Macroeconomic Framework, edited by Lúcio Vinhas de Souza and Oleh Havrylyshyn, 90–121. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Culture and Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Dog Born Without Front Limbs Given 3D Printed Legs.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. NASA’s Shuttle Booster Rocket Motor Procurement. 130591. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, Nelly M. 2010. “The Influence of Formal and Informal Support on the Quality of Life of Individuals with a Severe Mental Illness.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, Linda. 2012. “Bridal Hunger Games.” New York Times, April 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayer 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Mayer 2006; Miltat and Thiaville 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miltat and Thiaville 2002)
  • Three authors: (Hauke, Tagliacozzo, and Lewenstein 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Swedlow et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCulture and Organization
AbbreviationCult. Organ.
ISSN (print)1475-9551
ISSN (online)1477-2760
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Cultural Studies

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