How to format your references using the Culture and Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Culture and Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowerman, Bruce. 2008. “Cell Signaling. Wnt Moves beyond the Canon.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5874): 327–328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haushofer, Johannes, and Ernst Fehr. 2014. “On the Psychology of Poverty.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6186): 862–867.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tobler, Philippe N., Christopher D. Fiorillo, and Wolfram Schultz. 2005. “Adaptive Coding of Reward Value by Dopamine Neurons.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5715): 1642–1645.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tochio, H., M. M. Tsui, D. K. Banfield, and M. Zhang. 2001. “An Autoinhibitory Mechanism for Nonsyntaxin SNARE Proteins Revealed by the Structure of Ykt6p.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5530): 698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, Savo. 2016. Advanced Wireless Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abdulla, Ra-Id, William Bonney, Omar Khalid, and Sawsan Awad, eds. 2016. Pediatric Electrocardiography: An Algorithmic Approach to Interpretation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Harris, Kristen. 2010. “Selling and Building Linked Data: Drive Value and Gain Momentum.” In Linking Enterprise Data, edited by David Wood, 65–76. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Culture and Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “10 Science Jokes for Nerds.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. U.S. Customs Service: Better Targeting of Airline Passengers for Personal Searches Could Produce Better Results. GGD-00-38. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hayes, Unique Tiahara. 2014. “Mental Health Services for Foster Youth: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Encouraging Signs for the Ailing Mets.” New York Times, April 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowerman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bowerman 2008; Haushofer and Fehr 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haushofer and Fehr 2014)
  • Three authors: (Tobler, Fiorillo, and Schultz 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tochio et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCulture and Organization
AbbreviationCult. Organ.
ISSN (print)1475-9551
ISSN (online)1477-2760
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Cultural Studies

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