How to format your references using the Journal of Health and Social Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health and Social Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bender, Eric. 2015. “Big Data in Biomedicine.” Nature 527(7576):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pardo, Mercedes, and Paul Nurse. 2003. “Equatorial Retention of the Contractile Actin Ring by Microtubules during Cytokinesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5625):1569–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verschure, Paul F. M. J., Thomas Voegtlin, and Rodney J. Douglas. 2003. “Environmentally Mediated Synergy between Perception and Behaviour in Mobile Robots.” Nature 425(6958):620–24.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nishimura, Y., J. Bortnik, W. Li, R. M. Thorne, L. R. Lyons, V. Angelopoulos, S. B. Mende, J. W. Bonnell, O. Le Contel, C. Cully, R. Ergun, and U. Auster. 2010. “Identifying the Driver of Pulsating Aurora.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330(6000):81–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curry, Stephen H., and Robin Whelpton. 2010. Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Victor, Patricia. 2011. Trust Networks for Recommender Systems. Vol. 4. edited by C. Cornelis and M. de Cock. Paris: Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Clunas, Craig. 2004. “Text, Representation and Technique in Early Modern China.” Pp. 107–21 in History of Science, History of Text, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, edited by K. Chemla. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “How Pharmaceutical Companies Profit From Drugs For Rare Diseases.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Competitiveness: The Challenge of the Deficit. 144362. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Husted, Christie L. 2008. “Systematic Differentiation between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a Corporate Criminal Profile Possible?” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John, and Sapna Maheshwari. 2017. “CBS Woos Sponsors With Energetic Pitch By a Surging Colbert.” New York Times, May 18, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bender 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bender 2015; Pardo and Nurse 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pardo and Nurse 2003)
  • Three authors: (Verschure, Voegtlin, and Douglas 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nishimura et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health and Social Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Health Soc. Behav.
ISSN (print)0022-1465
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology

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