How to format your references using the Journal of Health and Social Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health and Social Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kroes, Geert-Jan. 2008. “Frontiers in Surface Scattering Simulations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5890):794–97.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chatterjee, Saibal, and Helge Grosshans. 2009. “Active Turnover Modulates Mature MicroRNA Activity in Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Nature 461(7263):546–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonasio, Roberto, Shengjiang Tu, and Danny Reinberg. 2010. “Molecular Signals of Epigenetic States.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330(6004):612–16.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herbert, T. D., J. D. Schuffert, D. Andreasen, L. Heusser, M. Lyle, A. Mix, A. C. Ravelo, L. D. Stott, and J. C. Herguera. 2001. “Collapse of the California Current during Glacial Maxima Linked to Climate Change on Land.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5527):71–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esch, Gerald W. 2015. Ecological Parasitology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Linden, Michael, and Andreas Maercker, eds. 2011. Embitterment: Societal, Psychological, and Clinical Perspectives. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jahan, Muhammad P. 2013. “Micro-Electrical Discharge Machining.” Pp. 111–51 in Nontraditional Machining Processes: Research Advances, edited by J. P. Davim. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Messenger Spacecraft Detects Ancient Magnetic Field On Mercury.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Research Evidence Concerning Bilingual Education. T-PEMD-87-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benson, Martin K. 2010. “Joint -Service Integration: An Organizational Culture Study of the United States Department of Defense Voluntary Education System.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, John, Serge F. Kovaleski, and Joe Coscarelli. 2016. “Pain and Pills, and Help Too Late to Save Prince.” New York Times, May 4, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kroes 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Chatterjee and Grosshans 2009; Kroes 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chatterjee and Grosshans 2009)
  • Three authors: (Bonasio, Tu, and Reinberg 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Herbert et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health and Social Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Health Soc. Behav.
ISSN (print)0022-1465
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology

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