How to format your references using the Journal of Health and Social Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health and Social Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyndall, Geoffrey. 2012. “Chemistry. Vibrational Excitation Can Control Tropospheric Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337(6098):1046–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pophristic, V., and L. Goodman. 2001. “Hyperconjugation Not Steric Repulsion Leads to the Staggered Structure of Ethane.” Nature 411(6837):565–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonsamo, Alemu, Jing M. Chen, and Chaoyang Wu. 2013. “Citizen Science: Linking the Recent Rapid Advances of Plant Flowering in Canada with Climate Variability.” Scientific Reports 3:2239.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brocks, Jochen J., Gordon D. Love, Roger E. Summons, Andrew H. Knoll, Graham A. Logan, and Stephen A. Bowden. 2005. “Biomarker Evidence for Green and Purple Sulphur Bacteria in a Stratified Palaeoproterozoic Sea.” Nature 437(7060):866–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stein, Ross L. 2011. Kinetics of Enzyme Action. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Scott, Jill, and Esther Stoeckli, eds. 2012. Neuromedia: Art and Neuroscience Research. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ouannas, Adel, and M. Mossa Al-sawalha. 2016. “Synchronization of Chaotic Dynamical Systems in Discrete-Time.” Pp. 101–32 in Advances in Chaos Theory and Intelligent Control, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, edited by A. T. Azar and S. Vaidyanathan. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Researchers Make Semiconductors Just Three Atoms Thick.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Joint Information Environment: DOD Needs to Strengthen Governance and Management [Reissued on October 25, 2016]. GAO-16-593. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sefrit, Jason. 2008. “A Study of the Effectiveness of a School District’s Mentoring /Professional Development Plan for Beginning Teachers.” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “P.S. Jerusalem.” New York Times, March 16, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyndall 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pophristic and Goodman 2001; Tyndall 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pophristic and Goodman 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gonsamo, Chen, and Wu 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Brocks et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health and Social Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Health Soc. Behav.
ISSN (print)0022-1465
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology

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