How to format your references using the Journal of Health and Social Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health and Social Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaston, Kevin J. 2013. “Sustainability: A Green Light for Efficiency.” Nature 497(7451):560–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rettig, Jens, and Erwin Neher. 2002. “Emerging Roles of Presynaptic Proteins in Ca++-Triggered Exocytosis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298(5594):781–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Roode, Jacobus C., Thierry Lefèvre, and Mark D. Hunter. 2013. “Ecology. Self-Medication in Animals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340(6129):150–51.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koch, Sonja, Stephanie Mousset, Anna Graser, Sarah Reppert, Caroline Übel, Cornelia Reinhardt, Theodor Zimmermann, Ralf Rieker, Hans A. Lehr, and Susetta Finotto. 2013. “IL-6 Activated Integrated BATF/IRF4 Functions in Lymphocytes Are T-Bet-Independent and Reversed by Subcutaneous Immunotherapy.” Scientific Reports 3:1754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morag, Nadav. 2011. Comparative Homeland Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ferrari, Michel, and Nic M. Weststrate, eds. 2013. The Scientific Study of Personal Wisdom: From Contemplative Traditions to Neuroscience. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Penati, Antonella. 2015. “The Role of Humanistic Disciplines in a Pedagogy of AdvanceDesign.” Pp. 69–85 in Advanced Design Cultures: Long-Term Perspective and Continuous Innovation, edited by M. Celi. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Dark Net Dealers Are Using US Postal Service To Smuggle Drugs.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Department of Education: Management of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. HRD-90-21BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Byung K. 2015. “Tracking of Truck Flows for Drayage Efficiency Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Justices Reject Campaign Limits in Vermont Case.” New York Times, June 27, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaston 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gaston 2013; Rettig and Neher 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rettig and Neher 2002)
  • Three authors: (de Roode, Lefèvre, and Hunter 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Koch et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health and Social Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Health Soc. Behav.
ISSN (print)0022-1465
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology

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