How to format your references using the Journal of Health and Social Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health and Social Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli, Apoorva. 2004. “Struggling to Make an Impact.” Nature 430(7002):935.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becskei, A., and L. Serrano. 2000. “Engineering Stability in Gene Networks by Autoregulation.” Nature 405(6786):590–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharp, D. J., G. C. Rogers, and J. M. Scholey. 2000. “Microtubule Motors in Mitosis.” Nature 407(6800):41–47.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, Yu-Ming, Alberto Valdes-Garcia, Shu-Jen Han, Damon B. Farmer, Inanc Meric, Yanning Sun, Yanqing Wu, Christos Dimitrakopoulos, Alfred Grill, Phaedon Avouris, and Keith A. Jenkins. 2011. “Wafer-Scale Graphene Integrated Circuit.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6035):1294–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lawless, Harry T. 2013. Quantitative Sensory Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Casey, John L., ed. 2006. Hepatitis Delta Virus. Vol. 307. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carlsson, Christer, and Robert Fullér. 2011. “Fuzzy Real Options for Strategic Decisions.” Pp. 101–32 in Possibility for Decision: A Possibilistic Approach to Real Life Decisions, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, edited by R. Fullér. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Finding A Star To Call Home.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. National Airspace System: Summary of Flight Delay Trends for 34 Airports in the Continental United States (GAO-10-543SP, May 26, 2010), an E-Supplement to GAO-10-542. GAO-10-543SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davenport, Collin Stewart. 2017. “Dynamic Modeling Framework to Predict Instantaneous Status of a Tractor-Dolly System.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2010. “David Sarkisyan, 62, Moscow Preservationist.” New York Times, January 27, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Becskei and Serrano 2000; Mandavilli 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becskei and Serrano 2000)
  • Three authors: (Sharp, Rogers, and Scholey 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lin et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health and Social Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Health Soc. Behav.
ISSN (print)0022-1465
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology

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