How to format your references using the Journal of Health and Social Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health and Social Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Swinderen, Bruno. 2007. “Attention-like Processes in Drosophila Require Short-Term Memory Genes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5818):1590–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf, Adam and William R. L. Anderegg. 2011. “Comment on ‘Changes in Climatic Water Balance Drive Downhill Shifts in Plant Species’’ Optimum Elevations".’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6053):177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marcus, Gary, Adam Marblestone, and Thomas Dean. 2014. “Neuroscience. The Atoms of Neural Computation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6209):551–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xie, Zi-Kang, Qiu-Pin Huang, Jian Huang, and Zheng-Fu Xie. 2014. “Association between the IL1B, IL1RN Polymorphisms and COPD Risk: A Meta-Analysis.” Scientific Reports 4:6202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart, J. M. 2001. Managing for World Class Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Secchi, Cristian. 2007. Control of Interactive Robotic Interfaces: A Port-Hamiltonian Approach. Vol. 29. edited by C. Fantuzzi and S. Stramigioli. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Punter, R. Annemiek, Cees A. W. Glas, and Martina R. M. Meelissen. 2016. “Modeling Parental Involvement.” Pp. 33–76 in Psychometric Framework for Modeling Parental Involvement and Reading Literacy, IEA Research for Education, edited by C. A. W. Glas and M. R. M. Meelissen. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Human Head Transplants Could Become A Reality By 2017.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Campaign Finance Reform: Experiences of Two States That Offered Full Public Funding for Political Candidates. GAO-10-390. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baudy, Andreas R. 2010. “Efficacy of Glucocorticoids in Muscular Dystrophy: Signaling, Hormonal Activities, and Muscle Inflammation.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1992. “Clinton Delays Trip To Work, Pack Up And Fill More Jobs.” New York Times, December 29, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Swinderen 2007).
This sentence cites two references (van Swinderen 2007; Wolf and Anderegg 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolf and Anderegg 2011)
  • Three authors: (Marcus, Marblestone, and Dean 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xie et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health and Social Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Health Soc. Behav.
ISSN (print)0022-1465
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology

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