How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Parkin, “Chemistry. Zinc-zinc bonds: a new frontier,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5687, pp. 1117–1118, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. M. Bruno and B. Sakmann, “Cortex is driven by weak but synchronously active thalamocortical synapses,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5780, pp. 1622–1627, Jun. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Li, T. Sato, and A. Kageyama, “Repeated and sudden reversals of the dipole field generated by a spherical dynamo action,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5561, pp. 1887–1890, Mar. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. N. Davis, A. C. Hilyard, G. Lagna, and A. Hata, “SMAD proteins control DROSHA-mediated microRNA maturation,” Nature, vol. 454, no. 7200, pp. 56–61, Jul. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Szylar, Risk Management under UCITS III/IV. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
M. Dobre and T. Nyden, Eds., Cartesian Empiricisms, vol. 31. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
F. J. Jennings, R. Galarza, and B. R. Warner, “Political Communication and Affective Polarization in the 2014 Midterm Elections for the US Senate: The Cases of Iowa, North Carolina, and Georgia,” in Communication and Midterm Elections: Media, Message, and Mobilization, J. A. Hendricks and D. Schill, Eds. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016, pp. 83–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Loved-Up Birds Sacrifice Food In Order To Be With Their Mate,” IFLScience, Nov. 12, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-89-81, Mar. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. H. Hawkins, “Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Davey and M. W. Walsh, “One Judge to Decide the Future of Detroit,” New York Times, p. A9, Aug. 31, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1536-125X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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