How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. K. Baillie, “Translational genomics. Targeting the host immune response to fight infection,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6186, pp. 807–808, May 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Marusyk and K. Polyak, “Cancer. Cancer cell phenotypes, in fifty shades of grey,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6119, pp. 528–529, Feb. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Stajic, R. Coontz, and I. Osborne, “Superconductivity. Happy 100th, superconductivity! Introduction,” Science, vol. 332, no. 6026, p. 189, Apr. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Yamanouchi, J. Ieda, F. Matsukura, S. E. Barnes, S. Maekawa, and H. Ohno, “Universality classes for domain wall motion in the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5845, pp. 1726–1729, Sep. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Sofronas, Analytical Troubleshooting of Process Machinery and Pressure Vessels. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
M. Ouzzani, Semantic Web Services for Web Databases. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
F. F. Faletra, S. de Castro, N. G. Pandian, I. Kronzon, H.-J. Nesser, and S. Y. Ho, “The Aortic Valve and the Aorta,” in Atlas of Real Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography, S. Castro, N. G. Pandian, I. Kronzon, H.-J. Nesser, and S. Yen Ho, Eds., London: Springer, 2010, pp. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “The Next Steps of HIV Treatment,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 2001,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-99-41, Apr. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. G. Tabano, “How Former Division I Student-Athletes Experienced Their Dual Undergraduate Roles: The Internal Competition for an Identity,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, “Russian Lawmakers Advance Counterterrorism Measures,” New York Times, p. A10, Dec. 18, 2004.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1536-125X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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