How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. R. Dando, “Obituary: Alan J. Southward (1928-2007),” Nature, vol. 451, no. 7174, p. 28, Jan. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. J. Bakker and H.-K. Nienhuys, “Delocalization of protons in liquid water,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5581, pp. 587–590, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Hayashi, J. Hasegawa, and S. Matsunaga, “The boundary of the meristematic and elongation zones in roots: endoreduplication precedes rapid cell expansion,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2723, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Wang et al., “Monolayer atomic crystal molecular superlattices,” Nature, vol. 555, no. 7695, pp. 231–236, Mar. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. D. Rainey, Confucius & Confucianism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
C. Kim-Prieto, Ed., Religion and Spirituality Across Cultures, vol. 9. in Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology, vol. 9. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Ramnath and B. Dathan, “Elementary Design Patterns,” in Object-Oriented Analysis and Design, S. Ramnath and B. Dathan, Eds., in Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science. London: Springer, 2011, pp. 113–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Scientists Discover Parrot Fossil In The Most Unlikely Of Places: Siberia,” IFLScience, Oct. 26, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Digital Television Transition: Preliminary Information on Initial Consumer Education Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-07-1248T, Sep. 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. C. Kostenbader, “Analyzing students’ attitudes towards science during inquiry-based lessons,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gorman, “Analyzing Ah-Choos: All Dogs in Favor Of the Motion, Sneeze,” New York Times, p. D2, Sep. 06, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nanotechnol.
ISSN (print)1536-125X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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