How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology citation style
This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.
Using reference management software
Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:
The citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
The style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.
Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.
Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.
A journal article with 1 author
R. Mackinnon, “Structural biology. Voltage sensor meets lipid membrane,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5700, pp. 1304–1305, Nov. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Zegerman and J. F. X. Diffley, “Phosphorylation of Sld2 and Sld3 by cyclin-dependent kinases promotes DNA replication in budding yeast,” Nature, vol. 445, no. 7125, pp. 281–285, Jan. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Mellman, G. Coukos, and G. Dranoff, “Cancer immunotherapy comes of age,” Nature, vol. 480, no. 7378, pp. 480–489, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Villanueva-Gutiérrez, C. Echazarreta-González, D. W. Roubik, and Y. B. Moguel-Ordóñez, “Transgenic soybean pollen (Glycine max L.) in honey from the Yucatán peninsula, Mexico,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4022, Feb. 2014.
Books and book chapters
Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.
An authored book
N. Tripathi, R. S. Singh, and C. D. Hills, Reclamation of Mine-Impacted Land for Ecosystem Recovery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
F. Aboitiz, Origin and Evolution of the Vertebrate Telencephalon, with Special Reference to the Mammalian Neocortex, vol. 193. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Sterer and M. Rosenberg, “Odor Perception,” in Breath Odors: Origin, Diagnosis, and Management, M. Rosenberg, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 35–39.
Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology.
This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".
Government Accountability Office, “Developing and Using Questionnaires,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PEMD-10.1.7, Oct. 1993.
Theses and dissertations
Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.
J. V. Magnus, “Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2017.
News paper articles
Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Matz Heads to the D.L. With a Tight Shoulder,” New York Times, p. B9, 23-Aug-2016.
References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:
This sentence cites one reference . This sentence cites two references , . This sentence cites four references –.
About the journal
Full journal title
IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol.
Computer Science Applications Electrical and Electronic Engineering