How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell TP. Materials science. Polymers find plenty of wiggle room at the bottom. Science. 2013 Sep 20;341(6152):1351–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowan L, Coontz R. Great balls of fire. Star formation: a Web supplement. Science. 2002 Jan 4;295(5552):63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schefuss E, Schouten S, Schneider RR. Climatic controls on central African hydrology during the past 20,000 years. Nature. 2005 Oct 13;437(7061):1003–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin J-F, Sturhahn W, Zhao J, Shen G, Mao H-K, Hemley RJ. Sound velocities of hot dense iron: Birch’s law revisited. Science. 2005 Jun 24;308(5730):1892–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cremona C. Structural Performance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Yin H. Spatio-Temporal Recommendation in Social Media. Cui B, editor. Singapore: Springer; 2016. XIII, 114 p. 26 illus., 22 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Computer Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Hesthaven JS, Rozza G, Stamm B. Certified Error Control. In: Rozza G, Stamm B, editors. Certified Reduced Basis Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 45–66. (SpringerBriefs in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.

Blog post
Hale T. Newspaper Gives “Scientific” Tips On How To Conceive Boys – Here’s The Actual Science Behind That Claim [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Standard Budget Classifications--Proposed Functions and Subfunctions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Aug. Report No.: PAD-76-49.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yasa SR. Visual Basic Simulation of H2S Removal from Natural Gas at Downhole in an Extraction Well [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester J. How Economic Gobbledygook Divides Us. New York Times. 2016 Nov 1;MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Adolesc. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1083-3188
ISSN (online)1873-4332
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles