How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cherry M. Construction starts on largest telescope in the south. Nature. 2000 Sep 7;407(6800):4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reppert SM, Weaver DR. Coordination of circadian timing in mammals. Nature. 2002 Aug 29;418(6901):935–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sampat BN, Shadlen KC, Amin TM. Intellectual property. Challenges to India’s pharmaceutical patent laws. Science. 2012 Jul 27;337(6093):414–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiang Z, Kasahara Y, Asaba T, Lawson B, Tinsman C, Chen L, et al. Quantum oscillations of electrical resistivity in an insulator. Science. 2018 Oct 5;362(6410):65–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavi MR. The Impact of IFRS on Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Mark D. Beginning iPhone 4 Development: Exploring the iOS SDK. Nutting J, LaMarche J, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011. XVI, 676 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kras JF. Perioperative Considerations of Do Not Resuscitate and Do Not Intubate Orders in Adult Patients. In: Jericho BG, editor. Ethical Issues in Anesthesiology and Surgery. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Pluto’s Moons Are In “Absolute Chaos” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Services and Outcomes for Participants With Differing Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: HRD-89-52.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moeller RA. “No thanks, those are boy books”: A feminist cultural analysis of graphic novels as curricular materials [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Political Tension. New York Times. 2002 Apr 6;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Adolesc. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1083-3188
ISSN (online)1873-4332
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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