How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White T. Paleoanthropology. Early hominids--diversity or distortion? Science. 2003 Mar 28;299(5615):1994–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stein S, Okal EA. Seismology: speed and size of the Sumatra earthquake. Nature. 2005 Mar 31;434(7033):581–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler SJ, Vickery JA, Norris K. Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture. Science. 2007 Jan 19;315(5810):381–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sánchez-Luque FJ, Stich M, Manrubia S, Briones C, Berzal-Herranz A. Efficient HIV-1 inhibition by a 16 nt-long RNA aptamer designed by combining in vitro selection and in silico optimisation strategies. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 1;4:6242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf B. The Semantic Web. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Groah J, Temple B, Smoller J, editors. Shock Wave Interactions in General Relativity: A Locally Inertial Glimm Scheme for Spherically Symmetric Spacetimes. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. VIII, 152 p. 7 illus. (Springer Monographs in Mathematics).
A chapter in an edited book
Bosman PAN, Thierens D. Numerical Optimization with Real-Valued Estimation-of-Distribution Algorithms. In: Pelikan M, Sastry K, CantúPaz E, editors. Scalable Optimization via Probabilistic Modeling. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 91–120. (Kacprzyk J, editor. Studies in Computational Intelligence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.

Blog post
Hale T. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Nearly 1 Billion People Worldwide Still Smoke Everyday. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Work Forces: Important Decisions Affecting Staff Use and Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-93-59.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leal LS. Pair correlations in clean magnetic Josephson junctions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Cespedes Powers the Mets Again. New York Times. 2016 Aug 22;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Adolesc. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1083-3188
ISSN (online)1873-4332
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles