How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Butler, “Public library set to turn publisher as boycott looms,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6846, p. 469, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.-C. King and A. G. Motulsky, “Human genetics. Mapping human history,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5602, pp. 2342–2343, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Peng, Z.-G. Song, and S.-C. Jiao, “Efficacy analysis of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on rare non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring complex EGFR mutations,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6104, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Schiano, A. Provost, R. Clocchiatti, and F. Faure, “Transcrystalline melt migration and Earth’s mantle,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5801, pp. 970–974, Nov. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Hamdan and P. G. Righetti, Proteomics Today. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
A. Guerraggio, Vito Volterra. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Pascual and S. Roa, “Conclusions and Future Perspectives,” in Epigenetic Approaches to Allergy Research, S. Roa, Ed., in SpringerBriefs in Genetics. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 63–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Early Diagnosis Triples Cancer Survival Rates,” IFLScience, Aug. 10, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Controls Are Needed Over Indian Self-Determination Contracts, Grants, and Training and Technical Assistance Activities To Insure Required Services Are Provided to Indians,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, CED-78-44, Feb. 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. H. Piper, “A Study of the Effectiveness of Alternative Schools through an Examination of Graduation Rates, School Climate, Student Motivation, and Academic Rigor,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, “The Chef Providing a Comic Garnish to the Grammys,” New York Times, p. C2, Feb. 07, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1233
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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