How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Powell, “High-tech, high society,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6967, pp. 720–721, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Imambekov and L. I. Glazman, “Universal theory of nonlinear Luttinger liquids,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5911, pp. 228–231, Jan. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Provenzano, A. J. Shapiro, and R. D. Shull, “Reduction of hysteresis losses in the magnetic refrigerant Gd5Ge2Si2 by the addition of iron,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6994, pp. 853–857, Jun. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. P. Barrera, N. Di Bartolo, P. J. Booth, and C. V. Robinson, “Micelles protect membrane complexes from solution to vacuum,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5886, pp. 243–246, Jul. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Coutts, Loft Conversions. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
F. D. Fragiskos, Ed., Oral Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
J. J. Emmanuel and S. W. Coppack, “Health Consequences–Obesity Associated Comorbidities,” in Obesity, Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery: A Practical Guide, S. Agrawal, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 29–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “The Rise Of Border Fences Across Europe And Asia Has Unintended Consequences For Wildlife,” IFLScience, Jun. 23, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Additional Costs Incurred in Maintaining the National Industrial Equipment Reserve (NIER),” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-125187, Mar. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Merkurjev, “Understanding Enhancer Role in Transcriptional Response,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ADAM LIPTAK; Janet Roberts of The Times’s computer-assisted reporting unit contributed reporting for this series. She was assisted by Jack Styczynski et al., “To More Inmates, Life Term Means Dying Behind Bars,” New York Times, p. 11, Oct. 02, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1233
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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