How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Goldston, “Innovation strategy,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7264, p. 585, Oct. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. L. Whitaker and J. Edwards, “Sphagnum moss disperses spores with vortex rings,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5990, p. 406, Jul. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Bylicka, D. Chruściński, and S. Maniscalco, “Non-Markovianity and reservoir memory of quantum channels: a quantum information theory perspective,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5720, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. N. Gamezo, A. M. Khokhlov, E. S. Oran, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and R. O. Rosenberg, “Thermonuclear supernovae: simulations of the deflagration stage and their implications,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5603, pp. 77–81, Jan. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Q. A. Xu and T. L. Madden, Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
C. E. Aronoff, Family Meetings: How to Build a Stronger Family and a Stronger Business. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Behrendt, “Courteous Sensors - Rules and Methodology,” in Privacy Technologies and Policy: Third Annual Privacy Forum, APF 2015, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, October 7-8, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, B. Berendt, T. Engel, D. Ikonomou, D. Le Métayer, and S. Schiffner, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 95–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “US States Ignore White House And Form A ‘Climate Alliance’ To Continue Decarbonization,” IFLScience, 02-Jun-2017. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Geographic Information Systems: Status at Selected Agencies,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-90-74FS, Aug. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. L. Steffan, “An examination of the correlation between ninth grade mathematics grades and student performance on the mathematics portion of the California high school exit examination,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Mets Cap Busy Day of Moves by Acquiring a Closer,” New York Times, p. D2, 29-Jul-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1233
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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