How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. E. Hill, “Ecology. A head start for some redstarts,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5705, pp. 2201–2202, Dec. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. J. Pennycook and S. V. Kalinin, “Microscopy: Hasten high resolution,” Nature, vol. 515, no. 7528, pp. 487–488, Nov. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Skipper, R. Dhand, and P. Campbell, “Presenting ENCODE,” Nature, vol. 489, no. 7414, p. 45, Sep. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Arvanitidis, K. Papagelis, S. Margadonna, K. Prassides, and A. N. Fitch, “Temperature-induced valence transition and associated lattice collapse in samarium fulleride,” Nature, vol. 425, no. 6958, pp. 599–602, Oct. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. G. Raheja and M. Allocco, Assurance Technologies Principles and Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
F. Schwenker, S. Scherer, and L.-P. Morency, Eds., Multimodal Pattern Recognition of Social Signals in Human-Computer-Interaction: First IAPR TC3 Workshop, MPRSS 2012, Tsukuba, Japan, November 11, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 7742. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 7742. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Turon, J. Costa, P. P. Camanho, and P. Maimí, “Analytical and Numerical Investigation of the Length of the Cohesive Zone in Delaminated Composite Materials,” in Mechanical Response of Composites, C. G. Dávila, S. T. Pinho, and J. J. C. Remmers, Eds., in Computational Methods in Applied Sciences. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008, pp. 77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Windy Weather Discovered in Young Planetary System,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Supplemental Security Income Computerized System Development Process,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-80-5, Oct. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. LaPorte, “Depression and Rumination as a Predictor for Types of Substances Abused,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “More Than Moussaka,” New York Times, p. NJ10, Nov. 28, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1536-1233
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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