How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Magnetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. F. DeLong, “Microbiology. Life on the thermodynamic edge,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5836, pp. 327–328, Jul. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. A. Gray and B. L. Roth, “Cell biology. A last GASP for GPCRs?,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5581, pp. 529–531, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. M. Hastings, P. G. Bray, and S. A. Ward, “Parasitology. A requiem for chloroquine,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5591, pp. 74–75, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. A. Meehl, J. M. Arblaster, K. Matthes, F. Sassi, and H. van Loon, “Amplifying the Pacific climate system response to a small 11-year solar cycle forcing,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5944, pp. 1114–1118, Aug. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. B. Jones, 20% Chance of Rain. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
N. Tamaki and Y. Kuge, Eds., Molecular Imaging for Integrated Medical Therapy and Drug Development. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Stehlé and R. Steinfeld, “Making NTRU as Secure as Worst-Case Problems over Ideal Lattices,” in Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2011: 30th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Tallinn, Estonia, May 15-19, 2011. Proceedings, K. G. Paterson, Ed., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 27–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Magnetics.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “Rare Javan Rhino Calves Spotted On Camera,” IFLScience, Sep. 12, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Small Computers in the Federal Government: Management Is Needed To Realize Potential and Prevent Problems,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AFMD-83-36, Mar. 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. C. Hau, “Beliefs of nurse practitioner students toward testicular cancer and teaching testicular self-examinations,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. S. R. Stone et al., “How the G.O.P. Can Nail Down the Black Vote,” New York Times, p. 123, Sep. 30, 1989.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Magn.
ISSN (print)0018-9464
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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