How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. A. J. O’Neill, “Immunology. After the toll rush,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5663, pp. 1481–1482, Mar. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. E. Ricklefs and E. Bermingham, “Nonequilibrium diversity dynamics of the Lesser Antillean avifauna,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5546, pp. 1522–1524, Nov. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. D. Fiorillo, P. N. Tobler, and W. Schultz, “Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5614, pp. 1898–1902, Mar. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Gago, S. F. Elena, R. Flores, and R. Sanjuán, “Extremely high mutation rate of a hammerhead viroid,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5919, p. 1308, Mar. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Wagner-Martin, A History of American Literature. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
M. Poblet, Ed., Mobile Technologies for Conflict Management: Online Dispute Resolution, Governance, Participation, vol. 2. in Law, Governance and Technology Series, vol. 2. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
P. L. Rosin and J. Žunić, “Measuring Convexity via Convex Polygons,” in Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2015 Workshops: RV 2015, GPID 2013, VG 2015, EO4AS 2015, MCBMIIA 2015, and VSWS 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, November 23-27, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, F. Huang and A. Sugimoto, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 38–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Why Are Cats So Insanely Afraid Of Cucumbers?,” IFLScience, Nov. 16, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Public Transit: Federal and Transit Agencies Taking Steps to Build Transit Systems’ Resilience but Face Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-15-159, Dec. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. McFarland-Mancini, “Prolactin Production by Human Breast Adipose Tissue and Adipocytes,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, “Wounded by ‘Fearless Girl,’ Creator of ‘Charging Bull’ Wants Her to Move,” New York Times, p. A18, Apr. 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst.
ISSN (print)1524-9050
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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