How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
U. Grossniklaus, “Plant science. Paternal patterning cue,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5920, pp. 1439–1440, Mar. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Knohl and E. Veldkamp, “Global change: indirect feedbacks to rising CO2,” Nature, vol. 475, no. 7355, pp. 177–178, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Swan, M. Cockerill, and D. Sipp, “Advocacy: How to hasten open access,” Nature, vol. 495, no. 7442, pp. 442–443, Mar. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Jin, A. Rummel, T. Binz, and A. T. Brunger, “Botulinum neurotoxin B recognizes its protein receptor with high affinity and specificity,” Nature, vol. 444, no. 7122, pp. 1092–1095, Dec. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. D. Zanotto, Crystals in Glass. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
K. P. Valavanis, Ed., Advances in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: State of the Art and the Road to Autonomy, vol. 33. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Thomas, “Characteristic classes and differentiable manifolds,” in Classi caratteristiche e questioni connesse, E. Martinelli, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 113–187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Researchers Plan On Resurrecting The Extinct Great Auk,” IFLScience, Aug. 22, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Social Security Administration: Information Systems Could Improve Processing Attorney Fee Payments in Disability Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-01-796, Jun. 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. H. Almasaari, “Arab American women’s identity crises in Mohja Kahf’s ‘The Girl in the Tangerine Scarf’ and Laila Halaby’s ‘West of the Jordan,’” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Hartocollis, “Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic,” New York Times, p. A15, Sep. 13, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst.
ISSN (print)1524-9050
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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