How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Zaanen, “Journal club. A theoretical physicist journeys to a hairy black hole’s horizon,” Nature, vol. 462, no. 7269, p. 15, Nov. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Robert and M. Chaussidon, “A palaeotemperature curve for the Precambrian oceans based on silicon isotopes in cherts,” Nature, vol. 443, no. 7114, pp. 969–972, Oct. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. E. Hamilton, P. R. Christensen, and J. L. Bandfield, “Planetary science: Volcanism or aqueous alteration on Mars?,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6924, pp. 711–2; discussion 712-3, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Wu et al., “Therapeutic antibody targeting of individual Notch receptors,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7291, pp. 1052–1057, Apr. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Langley-Evans, Nutrition, health and disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
E. Gnecco and E. Meyer, Eds., Fundamentals of Friction and Wear on the Nanoscale, 2nd ed. 2015. in NanoScience and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Castro Solano and I. Aristegui, “Cultural Competences of International Students: Its Role on Successful Sociocultural and Psychological Adaptation,” in Positive Psychology in Latin America, A. Castro Solano, Ed., in Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp. 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “The New £5 Note Contains Animal Fat – And Vegetarians Are Furious,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Troops-To-Teachers: Program Brings More Men and Minorities to the Teaching Workforce, but Education Could Improve Management to Enhance Results,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-265, Mar. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. L. Allen, “Teacher Evaluation and Student Achievement in Elementary Education,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. M. Grynbaum, “Turning Up the Pro-Trump Volume,” New York Times, p. B1, Oct. 25, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst.
ISSN (print)1524-9050
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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