How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Rahmstorf, “Thermohaline circulation: The current climate,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6924, p. 699, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Tahir and U. Schwingenschlögl, “Valley polarized quantum Hall effect and topological insulator phase transitions in silicene,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1075, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Ohbayashi, K. Ohki, and Y. Miyashita, “Conversion of working memory to motor sequence in the monkey premotor cortex,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5630, pp. 233–236, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Meinshausen et al., “Greenhouse-gas emission targets for limiting global warming to 2 degrees C,” Nature, vol. 458, no. 7242, pp. 1158–1162, Apr. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. McPhee, A Companion to the French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
C. Vinyard, M. J. Ravosa, and C. Wall, Eds., Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
D. C. Lahti, “The Correlated History of Social Organization, Moralitymorality , and Religion,” in The Biological Evolution of Religious Mind and Behavior, E. Voland and W. Schiefenhövel, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 67–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “White Dwarf Merger Is Set To Prove Supernova Theory,” IFLScience, 10-Feb-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “U.S. Communications Policy: Issues for the 1990s,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-91-52B, Sep. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Masumdar, “Vibration-based electromagnetic energy harvester for low-frequency road traffic,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justices Will Decide if Handgun Kept at Home Is Individual Right,” New York Times, p. A1, 21-Nov-2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst.
ISSN (print)1524-9050
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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