How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.-O. Peitgen, “Retrospective. Benoît B. Mandelbrot (1924-2010),” Science, vol. 330, no. 6006, p. 926, Nov. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. D. Nash and J. N. Moum, “River plumes as a source of large-amplitude internal waves in the coastal ocean,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7057, pp. 400–403, Sep. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Ho Choi, B. Kim, and C. D. Frisbie, “Electrical resistance of long conjugated molecular wires,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5882, pp. 1482–1486, Jun. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Pan et al., “Differential effects of an exotic plant virus on its two closely related vectors,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2230, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. A. Rigby, Aircraft Systems Integration of Air-Launched Weapons. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
L. Floridi, Ed., Protection of Information and the Right to Privacy - A New Equilibrium?, vol. 17. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
L. A. Prashanth, N. Korda, and R. Munos, “Fast LSTD Using Stochastic Approximation: Finite Time Analysis and Application to Traffic Control,” in Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2014, Nancy, France, September 15-19, 2014. Proceedings, Part II, T. Calders, F. Esposito, E. Hüllermeier, and R. Meo, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 66–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Trans Fats Linked To Greater Risk Of Death And Heart Disease,” IFLScience, Aug. 13, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Administration of Certain Allowances and Differentials Paid to Civilian Employees Located Overseas,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 093007, Apr. 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Wang, “Computational Studies on Biomolecular Diffusion and Electrostatics,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, “Famous for Its Past, a Small New Jersey Town Struggles to Define Its Future,” New York Times, p. A17, Oct. 10, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.
ISSN (print)0018-9456
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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