How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Melcher, “Persistence of visual memory for scenes,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6845, p. 401, Jul. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. C. Eddingsaas and K. S. Suslick, “Mechanoluminescence: light from sonication of crystal slurries,” Nature, vol. 444, no. 7116, p. 163, Nov. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Gans, M. Wolinsky, and J. Dunbar, “Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5739, pp. 1387–1390, Aug. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. W. DePaolo et al., “Co-adjuvant effects of retinoic acid and IL-15 induce inflammatory immunity to dietary antigens,” Nature, vol. 471, no. 7337, pp. 220–224, Mar. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. J. Chen, Physics of Solar Energy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
H. Prade and V. S. Subrahmanian, Eds., Scalable Uncertainty Management: First International Conference, SUM 2007, Washington,DC, USA, October 10-12, 2007. Proceedings, vol. 4772. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Henmi and M. Hattori, “Parallel Learning for Combined Knowledge Acquisition Model,” in Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, A. Hirose, S. Ozawa, K. Doya, K. Ikeda, M. Lee, and D. Liu, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 32–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Low-Carbohydrate Diets May Be Useless For Weight Loss,” IFLScience, 08-Jul-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Status of Budget Authority Involved in Three Rescissions,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-77-2, Oct. 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. N. Boyle, “Support program for transition age youth: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “Alina,” New York Times, p. C11, 14-Sep-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.
ISSN (print)0018-9456
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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