How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Information Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. F. Dernburg, “Molecular biology. RNA plays meiotic matchmaker,” Science, vol. 336, no. 6082, pp. 681–682, May 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Kohno and Y. Koizumi, “Tokaimura accident. Neutron dose estimates from 5-yen coins,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6797, p. 693, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Vokrouhlický, D. Nesvorný, and W. F. Bottke, “The vector alignments of asteroid spins by thermal torques,” Nature, vol. 425, no. 6954, pp. 147–151, Sep. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Leo et al., “Magnetoelectric inversion of domain patterns,” Nature, vol. 560, no. 7719, pp. 466–470, Aug. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Johnson, Small Animal Pathology for Veterinary Technicians. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
G. Wang, Analysis and Design of Singular Markovian Jump Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Werth, V. N. Gheorghe, and F. G. Major, “Optical Spectroscopy,” in Charged Particle Traps II: Applications, V. N. Gheorghe and F. G. Major, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 129–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Information Theory.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Chile’s Calbuco Volcano Erupts Without Warning. What Can We Expect Next?,” IFLScience, Apr. 27, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Station: Impact of the Expanded Russian Role on Funding and Research,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-94-220, Jun. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.-C. E, “The syntax of comparative correlatives in Mandarin Chinese,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sabrina Tavernise With, “For the Families, Anger Mixes With Mourning,” New York Times, p. A10, Aug. 18, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Inf. Theory
ISSN (print)0018-9448
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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