How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Information Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. F. Service, “ELECTRONIC OPTICS: Organic Lasers Promise New Lease on Light,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5479, pp. 519–521, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Rhie and B. Romanowicz, “Excitation of Earth’s continuous free oscillations by atmosphere-ocean-seafloor coupling,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7008, pp. 552–556, Sep. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. P. Walsh, W. M. Cohen, and A. Arora, “Science and the law. Working through the patent problem,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5609, p. 1021, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Lee, D. Yoganarasimha, G. Rao, and J. J. Knierim, “Comparison of population coherence of place cells in hippocampal subfields CA1 and CA3,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 6998, pp. 456–459, Jul. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. M. Kuo, B. H. Lee, and W. Tian, Real-Time Digital Signal Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
M. Fontani, Chemistry and Chemists in Florence: From the Last of the Medici Family to the European Magnetic Resonance Center. in SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E. J. Daly, “Outlook on Space Weather Effects on Spacecraft,” in Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure, I. A. Daglis, Ed., in NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005, pp. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Information Theory.

Blog post
J. Davis, “New Species Of Bee Found To Quarry Nests Into Solid Rock In Death Valley,” IFLScience, Sep. 13, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “National Aero-Space Plane: Restructuring Future Research and Development Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-93-71, Dec. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. D. Yaceczko, “A Telehealth Nutrition Manual for an Online Intensive Behavioral Weight Management Program,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, “Ahead of Tonys, Watching Everything,” New York Times, p. A2, Jun. 10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Inf. Theory
ISSN (print)0018-9448
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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