How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, G. (2015). Astronomy: A Mars-sized exoplanet. Nature 522, 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, S., and Bryant, D. A. (2011). The tricarboxylic acid cycle in cyanobacteria. Science 334, 1551–1553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers, R. R., Krause, D. W., and Curry Rogers, K. (2003). Cannibalism in the Madagascan dinosaur Majungatholus atopus. Nature 422, 515–518.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Eguchi, F. C., Faria, E. F., Scapulatempo Neto, C., Longatto-Filho, A., Zanardo-Oliveira, C., Taboga, S. R., et al. (2014). The role of TMPRSS2:ERG in molecular stratification of PCa and its association with tumor aggressiveness: a study in Brazilian patients. Sci. Rep. 4, 5640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wassenaar, T. M. (2011). Bacteria. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sano, T., and Srivatsan, T. S. eds. (2016). Advanced Composites for Aerospace, Marine, and Land Applications II. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yanling, H., Hong, W., and Dehua, L. (2010). “Space-Time Variation Operator Set in Possibility Construction Space,” in Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 5th International Symposium, ISICA 2010, Wuhan, China, October 22-24, 2010. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. Z. Cai, H. Tong, Z. Kang, and Y. Liu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroinformatics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). How Many Eggs A Woman Has Reflects Her Heart Disease Risk. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Amtrak: Management and Accountability Issues Contribute to Unprofitability of Food and Beverage Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moncur, H. B. (2014). Exploring primary caregivers’ perceptions of the effects of secondhand marijuana smoke on children: A quantitative study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). Where Gold Cloth Is the Standard. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang and Bryant, 2011; Laughlin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Bryant, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Eguchi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroinformatics
AbbreviationFront. Neuroinform.
ISSN (online)1662-5196
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Biomedical Engineering
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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