How to format your references using the Immunological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shastri, N. Cell biology. Peptides, scrambled and stitched. Science 2006; 313: 1398–1399.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Knutson, BA, Hahn, S. Yeast Rrn7 and human TAF1B are TFIIB-related RNA polymerase I general transcription factors. Science 2011; 333: 1637–1640.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chen, Y, Emerson, JJ, Martin, TM. Evolutionary genomics: codon volatility does not detect selection. Nature 2005; 433: E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Balagaddé, FK, You, L, Hansen, CL, Arnold, FH, Quake, SR. Long-term monitoring of bacteria undergoing programmed population control in a microchemostat. Science 2005; 309: 137–140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaccari, DA, Strom, PF, Alleman, JE. Environmental Biology for Engineers and Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Software Process and Product Measurement: International Conferences IWSM 2009 and Mensura 2009 Amsterdam, The Netherlands, November 4-6, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Vezenov, D.V., Noy, A., & Lieber, C.M. (2008). Chemical Force Microscopy: Force Spectroscopy and Imaging of Complex Interactions in Molecular Assemblies. Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy, 123–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunological Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Watch The ESA’s Ariane 5 Rocket Launch Live! IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). [Comments on Special Legislative Provision Concerning Compensation for Reemployed Retired Air Traffic Controllers].

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, K. (2014). The lexicographic treatment of color terms.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray, C. (2016). London Bank’s U.S. Bargain Is Imperiled by New Claims. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunological Reviews
AbbreviationImmunol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0105-2896
ISSN (online)1600-065X
Immunology and Allergy

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