How to format your references using the Immunological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.          Couzin, J. Aging research: is long life in the blood? Science 2003; 302: 373–375.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.          Jackson, JB, Johnson, KG. Paleoecology. Measuring past biodiversity. Science 2001; 293: 2401–2404.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.          Palop, JJ, Chin, J, Mucke, L. A network dysfunction perspective on neurodegenerative diseases. Nature 2006; 443: 768–773.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.          Negoro, H, Lutz, SE, Liou, LS, et al. Pannexin 1 involvement in bladder dysfunction in a multiple sclerosis model. Sci. Rep. 2013; 3: 2152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Püschl, W. Physik des Segelns. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012.
An edited book
Intelligence and Security Informatics: Pacific Asia Workshop, PAISI 2007, Chengdu, China, April 11-12, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Carey, R.M. & Siragy, H.M. (2007). Angiotensin AT2 Receptors in Blood Pressure Regulation. Hypertension and Hormone Mechanisms, 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunological Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Explanation For How BCG Vaccine Protects Against Other Diseases. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). ADP Systems: Examinations of Non-Federal Hospital Information Systems.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Widner, C.M. (2010). Top -dog to bottom -dog: A study of middle to high school transition and teachers’ philosophies and practices as applied to stage -environment fit theory.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017). Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunological Reviews
AbbreviationImmunol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0105-2896
ISSN (online)1600-065X
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles