How to format your references using the Immunological Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunological Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.          Abbott, A. Membrane proteins: channel voyager makes waves. Nature 2003; 426: 755.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.          Schmidt, V, Gösele, U. Materials science. How nanowires grow. Science 2007; 316: 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.          Moritz, RE, Bitz, CM, Steig, EJ. Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic. Science 2002; 297: 1497–1502.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.          Dommett, E, Coizet, V, Blaha, CD, et al. How visual stimuli activate dopaminergic neurons at short latency. Science 2005; 307: 1476–1479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spence, R. Introductory Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2008.
An edited book
The Economics of Natural Gas Storage: A European Perspective. Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Münch, J., Armbrust, O., Kowalczyk, M., & Soto, M. (2012). Process Improvement. Software Process Definition and Management, 139–176.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunological Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). New Galaxy Discovered Close To Our Own. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Air Force ADP: Logistics Systems Modernization Costs Continue to Increase.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, D. (2017). University Research Adminstrators’ Perception of Incivility and the Relationship to Employee Engagement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2016). Trading a T Square for Showbiz. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunological Reviews
AbbreviationImmunol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0105-2896
ISSN (online)1600-065X
Immunology and Allergy

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