How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Image Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dalton, “EarthScope. Deep thoughts,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6785, pp. 390–392, May 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Anastasiadou and F. J. Slack, “Cancer. Malicious exosomes,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6216, pp. 1459–1460, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. B. Saalmann, I. N. Pigarev, and T. R. Vidyasagar, “Neural mechanisms of visual attention: how top-down feedback highlights relevant locations,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5831, pp. 1612–1615, Jun. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Ghorbani-Asl, N. Zibouche, M. Wahiduzzaman, A. F. Oliveira, A. Kuc, and T. Heine, “Electromechanics in MoS₂ and WS₂: nanotubes vs. monolayers,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2961, Oct. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. He, R. Zeng, and B. Zhang, Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
K. Weinberg and A. Pandolfi, Eds., Innovative Numerical Approaches for Multi-Field and Multi-Scale Problems: In Honor of Michael Ortiz’s 60th Birthday, vol. 81. in Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics, vol. 81. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. A. Frowein, “Comment: State Responsibility and Peace,” in Peace through International Law: The Role of the International Law Commission. A Colloquium at the Occasion of its Sixtieth Anniversary, G. Nolte, Ed., in Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht. , Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 47–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Will We All Be Eating Insects In 50 Years?,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Intercollegiate Athletics: Status of Efforts to Promote Gender Equity,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-97-10, Oct. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. C. Crossman, “The impact of safety culture on worker motivation and the economic bottom line,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. P. Jeffries, “The Rage in Harlem, and Beyond,” New York Times, p. BR18, Aug. 24, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Image Process.
ISSN (print)1057-7149
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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