How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Image Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Watts, “Immunology. Antigen presentation--losing its shine in the absence of GILT,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5545, pp. 1294–1295, Nov. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Nielsen and M. J. Hubisz, “Evolutionary genomics: detecting selection needs comparative data,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7023, pp. E6; discussion E7-8, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Huang, Y. Xu, and D. Jiang, “High-performance heterogeneous catalysis with surface-exposed stable metal nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7228, Nov. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. O. Stone et al., “Holocene deglaciation of Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5603, pp. 99–102, Jan. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Homer and M. L. Leibowitz, Inside the Yield Book. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
R. J. Meislin and J. Halbrecht, Eds., Complications in Knee and Shoulder Surgery: Management and Treatment Options for the Sports Medicine Orthopedist. London: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Borkar et al., “Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) of Carbon Nanotube (CNT) / Graphene Nanoplatelet (GNP)-Nickel Nanocomposites: Structure Property Analysis,” in Advanced Composites for Aerospace, Marine, and Land Applications II, T. Sano and T. S. Srivatsan, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 53–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Newly Discovered Octopus Is So Darn Cute It Could Be Officially Named ‘Adorable,’” IFLScience, Jun. 22, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Rural Development: Steps Towards Realizing the Potential of Telecommunications Technologies,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-96-155, Jun. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. A. Lewis, “Love and hate: The study of school principals moving from job motivation to job frustration,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, “Jewish School Falls in Final,” New York Times, p. SP2, Mar. 04, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Image Process.
ISSN (print)1057-7149
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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