How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Image Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. E. Martin, “Earth science: Ocean circulation and rapid climate change,” Nature, vol. 517, no. 7532, pp. 30–31, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Cowan and J. N. Rouder, “Comment on ‘Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision,’” Science, vol. 323, no. 5916, pp. 877; author reply 877, Feb. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. W. Hart, M. P. Housley, and C. Slawson, “Cycling of O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine on nucleocytoplasmic proteins,” Nature, vol. 446, no. 7139, pp. 1017–1022, Apr. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. S. Kim et al., “Imaging of transient structures using nanosecond in situ TEM,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5895, pp. 1472–1475, Sep. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Krasner, A History of Modern Drama. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
An edited book
B.-Z. Maytal, Miniature Joule-Thomson Cryocooling: Principles and Practice. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. A. Recio-García, B. Díaz-Agudo, and P. A. González-Calero, “The COLIBRI Platform: Tools, Features and Working Examples,” in Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications-2, S. Montani and L. C. Jain, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 55–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Sharks Keep Attacking Google’s Deep-Ocean Internet Cables,” IFLScience, Aug. 15, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Amtrak: Financial Condition Has Deteriorated and Future Costs Make Recovery Difficult,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-94-155, Mar. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Razzaghi, “Quantum Tunneling in Hydride Transfer Reactions in Solution,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Megalogenis, “Australia’s leftward turn,” New York Times, p. 0, May 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Image Process.
ISSN (print)1057-7149
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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