How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Image Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. A. Goff, “Comment on ‘Glacial cycles drive variations in the production of oceanic crust,’” Science, vol. 349, no. 6252, p. 1065, Sep. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. A. Jenet and S. M. Ransom, “The geometry of the double-pulsar system J0737-3039 from systematic intensity variations,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6986, pp. 919–921, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Soares, M. Parisi, and N. M. Bonini, “Axon injury and regeneration in the adult Drosophila,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6199, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. E. Headland, H. R. Jones, A. S. V. D’Sa, M. Perretti, and L. V. Norling, “Cutting-edge analysis of extracellular microparticles using ImageStream(X) imaging flow cytometry,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5237, Jun. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Cooke, The History of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
A. D. Gouliamos, J. Andreou, and P. Kosmidis, Eds., Imaging in Clinical Oncology. Milano: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. C. L. M. van Rooij and W. Wegner, “Numerical Investigation of the Flutter Behaviour of a Laminar Supercritical Airfoil,” in New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics IX: Contributions to the 18th STAB/DGLR Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 2012, A. Dillmann, G. Heller, E. Krämer, H.-P. Kreplin, W. Nitsche, and U. Rist, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Image Processing.

Blog post
C. Carpineti, “Check Out This Mesmerizing Spanish Dancer Sea Slug,” IFLScience, May 18, 2017. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s Fiscal Years 1998 and 1997 Financial Statements,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-99-263, Sep. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. J. Woodland, “Investigating the role of the mid-Atlantic inner continental shelf as a marine finfish nursery: A comparative approach,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “As Jaded as Bill Murray Trapped in a Time Warp,” New York Times, p. C1, Aug. 17, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Image Process.
ISSN (print)1057-7149
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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