How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Lamb, “Walking with producers,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6844, p. 277, Jul. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. A. Holm and S. M. Foiles, “How grain growth stops: a mechanism for grain-growth stagnation in pure materials,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5982, pp. 1138–1141, May 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Blöchliger, A. Vitalis, and A. Caflisch, “High-resolution visualisation of the states and pathways sampled in molecular dynamics simulations,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6264, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Reith, S. L. Rogers, D. C. McPhail, and D. Webb, “Biomineralization of gold: biofilms on bacterioform gold,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5784, pp. 233–236, Jul. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. F. Taber, Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
E. Moser, W. Semmler, G. Tragler, and V. M. Veliov, Eds., Dynamic Optimization in Environmental Economics, vol. 15. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Bal and N. Fleck, “Connected Stadium: A Pillar for Football Clubs’ Marketing Development?,” in Making a Difference Through Marketing: A Quest for Diverse Perspectives, C. Plewa and J. Conduit, Eds. Singapore: Springer, 2016, pp. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “New Gloves Could Let You Feel In Virtual Reality,” IFLScience, 30-Apr-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Status, Progress, and Problems in Federal Agency Accounting 1969 Annual Report,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-115398, Dec. 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. N. Harris, “Deadly force: Perceptions of police and exploration of strategies used by African American mothers to protect their sons,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, “Concord Bicycle Music Buying Imagem Music,” New York Times, p. B6, 02-Jun-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0196-2892
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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