How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. S. McEwen, “Neuroscience. Hormones and the social brain,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6117, pp. 279–280, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. F. Elena and R. Sanjuán, “Evolution. Climb every mountain?,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5653, pp. 2074–2075, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Abelson, G. Baer, and A. Agnon, “Evidence from gabbro of the Troodos ophiolite for lateral magma transport along a slow-spreading mid-ocean ridge,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6816, pp. 72–75, Jan. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Striepens et al., “Elevated cerebrospinal fluid and blood concentrations of oxytocin following its intranasal administration in humans,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3440, Dec. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. B. Waxman, Rogues of Wall Street. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
S. Bellon and S. Penvern, Eds., Organic Farming, Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures: Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Stefanescu, D. Ioan, and G. Ciuprina, “Parametric Models of Transmission Lines Based on First Order Sensitivities,” in Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering SCEE 2008, J. Roos and L. R. J. Costa, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Three-Parent Babies Possible ‘In Two Years’ According to UK Report,” IFLScience, Jun. 03, 2014. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FCC: Maritime Communications,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-98-66, Aug. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. D. Frederiksen, “Engaging physicians to support corporate compliance programs: A grounded theory study,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “U.S. and Algeria: Two Outsiders, but No Room for Both,” New York Times, p. B11, Jun. 23, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0196-2892
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles