How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Sarewitz, “Blue-sky bias should be brought down to Earth,” Nature, vol. 481, no. 7379, p. 7, Jan. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Mappes and L. Lindström, “Ecology. How did the cuckoo get its polymorphic plumage?,” Science, vol. 337, no. 6094, pp. 532–533, Aug. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. E. Brooks, G. W. Carbin, and P. T. Marsh, “Increased variability of tornado occurrence in the United States,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6207, pp. 349–352, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. R. Watters et al., “Evidence of recent thrust faulting on the Moon revealed by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5994, pp. 936–940, Aug. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F.-C. Li, B. Yu, J.-J. Wei, and Y. Kawaguchi, Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2011.
An edited book
M. Reichert, Enabling Flexibility in Process-Aware Information Systems: Challenges, Methods, Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
K. B. Efetov, I. A. Garifullin, A. F. Volkov, and K. Westerholt, “Proximity Effects in Ferromagnet/Superconductor Heterostructures,” in Magnetic Heterostructures: Advances and Perspectives in Spinstructures and Spintransport, H. Zabel and S. D. Bader, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 251–290.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Dr Henry Heimlich Uses His Heimlich Maneuver For First Time Aged 96,” IFLScience, Jun. 01, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Highlights of a Forum: Transforming Transportation Policy for the 21st Century,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-07-1210SP, Sep. 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. A. Hirschy, “Differences in usage of federally funded insurance options by women,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Kelly, “COSMETIC LIB FOR MEN,” New York Times, p. The New York Times Magazine234, Sep. 25, 1977.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0196-2892
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles