How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Allen, “Liability for climate change,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6926, pp. 891–892, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Stellwagen and R. C. Malenka, “Synaptic scaling mediated by glial TNF-alpha,” Nature, vol. 440, no. 7087, pp. 1054–1059, Apr. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. E. Robinson, R. D. Fernald, and D. F. Clayton, “Genes and social behavior,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5903, pp. 896–900, Nov. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W.-H. Chen et al., “Dual-targeting pro-apoptotic peptide for programmed cancer cell death via specific mitochondria damage,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3468, Dec. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Sabol, Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
K. Kyamakya, W. A. Halang, W. Mathis, J. C. Chedjou, and Z. Li, Eds., Selected Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics and Theoretical Electrical Engineering, vol. 483. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Hattab et al., “Membrane Protein Production in Escherichia coli: Overview and Protocols,” in Membrane Proteins Production for Structural Analysis, I. Mus-Veteau, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2014, pp. 87–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “‘Cuddle Hormone’ May Help Chimpanzees Wage War,” IFLScience, Jan. 09, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Assessment of the Impact Aid Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-164031(1), Oct. 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. L. Claar, “A Correlational Study Comparing the Relationship between School Leader Intercultural Development, Selected Demographic Variables, and Student Achievement,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Puerto Rico Unveils Painful Plan for Islanders, and Bond Holders,” New York Times, p. B1, Sep. 10, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0196-2892
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles