How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, “The art of self-defence,” Nature, vol. 452, no. 7186, pp. 498–500, Mar. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. M. O’Connor and L. P. A. M. Claessens, “Basic avian pulmonary design and flow-through ventilation in non-avian theropod dinosaurs,” Nature, vol. 436, no. 7048, pp. 253–256, Jul. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Langer, K. Hogendoorn, and L. Keller, “Tug-of-war over reproduction in a social bee,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6985, pp. 844–847, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Q. Ling et al., “CTCF mediates interchromosomal colocalization between Igf2/H19 and Wsb1/Nf1,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5771, pp. 269–272, Apr. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Moreau and T. Adali, Blind Identification and Separation of Complex-Valued Signals. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
K.-K. Lau, W. Lamersdorf, and E. Pimentel, Eds., Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Second European Conference, ESOCC 2013, Málaga, Spain, September 11-13, 2013. Proceedings, vol. 8135. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 8135. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Liang, S. M. Naqvi, W. Wang, and J. A. Chambers, “Frequency Domain Blind Source Separation Based on Independent Vector Analysis with a Multivariate Generalized Gaussian Source Prior,” in Blind Source Separation: Advances in Theory, Algorithms and Applications, G. R. Naik and W. Wang, Eds., in Signals and Communication Technology. , Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 131–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Five Reasons To Teach Robotics In Schools,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Seclusions and Restraints: Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-09-719T, May 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. H. Britigan, “Health information sources and health literacy levels of Latinos in a midwestern tri -state area,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Vlasic and M. M. Chapman, “U.A.W. Plans to Re-engage Fiat Chrysler,” New York Times, p. B7, Oct. 02, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Eng. Manage.
ISSN (print)0018-9391
ScopeStrategy and Management
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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