How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. E. Koshland Jr, “Special essay. The seven pillars of life,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5563, pp. 2215–2216, Mar. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. O’Leary and E. Marder, “Neuroscience. Mapping neural activation onto behavior in an entire animal,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6182, pp. 372–373, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. T. Bruskotter, S. A. Enzler, and A. Treves, “Science and law. Rescuing wolves from politics: wildlife as a public trust resource,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6051, pp. 1828–1829, Sep. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. R. Bennett et al., “Metabolic gene regulation in a dynamically changing environment,” Nature, vol. 454, no. 7208, pp. 1119–1122, Aug. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Laycock and K. Meeran, Integrated Endocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
G. Johnson and N. Dempster, Eds., Leadership in Diverse Learning Contexts, vol. 22. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Yao and C.-C. Chen, “Optimum Spreading Sequences for Asynchronous CDMA System Based on Nonlinear Dynamical and Ergodic Theories,” in Digital Communications Using Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics, L. E. Larson, L. S. Tsimring, and J.-M. Liu, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2006, pp. 133–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Graphene-Based Supercapacitors Could Lead To Battery-Free Electric Cars Within 5 Years,” IFLScience, Nov. 12, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope: Knowledge-Based Acquisition Approach Key to Addressing Program Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-634, Jul. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Edson, “A Mixed-Methods Investigation on Contributing Factors to the Political Efficacy of Eighth Grade Students in a Suburban School District in Missouri,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justice Unbound,” New York Times, p. WK1, May 03, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Eng. Manage.
ISSN (print)0018-9391
ScopeStrategy and Management
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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