How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. P. Lodge, “Materials science. A unique platform for materials design,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5885, pp. 50–51, Jul. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Sarkies and E. A. Miska, “Molecular biology. Is there social RNA?,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6145, pp. 467–468, Aug. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Madhu, V. Veeramani, and S.-M. Chen, “Heteroatom-enriched and renewable banana-stem-derived porous carbon for the electrochemical determination of nitrite in various water samples,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4679, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Vandenkoornhuyse, S. L. Baldauf, C. Leyval, J. Straczek, and J. P. W. Young, “Extensive fungal diversity in plant roots,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5562, p. 2051, Mar. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Weinberg, Cost-Contained Regulatory Compliance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
O. Zwikael, Project Management for the Creation of Organisational Value. London: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Gonzalez-Gallardo et al., “Structure and Bonding of Metal-Rich Coordination Compounds Containing Low Valent Ga(I) and Zn(I) Ligands,” in Metal-Metal Bonding, G. Parkin, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 147–188.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Solar Power Installations Grew Almost 50 Percent in 2016,” IFLScience, Mar. 09, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Highway Funding: Alternatives for Distributing Federal Funds,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-96-6, Nov. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Harvey, “Predicting Cost-Inflicting Mate Retention Tactic Use in Women with Borderline Personality Features: Examining the Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Reactive Aggression,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Whiteside, “In Family’s Footsteps, Minor Takes Big Stage,” New York Times, p. B11, Aug. 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Eng. Manage.
ISSN (print)0018-9391
ScopeStrategy and Management
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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