How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. M. Eakin, “Oceans. Lamarck was partially right--and that is good for corals,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6186, pp. 798–799, May 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. K. Praetorius and A. C. Mix, “Paleoclimate. Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded abrupt deglacial warming,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 444–448, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Galy, B. Peucker-Ehrenbrink, and T. Eglinton, “Global carbon export from the terrestrial biosphere controlled by erosion,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7551, pp. 204–207, May 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.-Y. Yang, M.-G. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-T. Hong, and H.-S. Lee, “Evaluation of benzaldehyde derivatives from Morinda officinalis as anti-mite agents with dual function as acaricide and mite indicator,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7149, Dec. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Edgerton, A Practitioner’s Guide to Effective Maritime and Port Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
P. Heggernes, Ed., Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 42nd International Workshop, WG 2016, Istanbul, Turkey, June 22-24, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 9941. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Hassine and A. Hamou-Lhadj, “Toward a UCM-Based Approach for Recovering System Availability Requirements from Execution Traces,” in System Analysis and Modeling: Models and Reusability: 8th International Conference, SAM 2014, Valencia, Spain, September 29-30, 2014. Proceedings, D. Amyot, P. Fonseca i Casas, and G. Mussbacher, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Living In A City May Increase The Risk Of Psychosis In Children,” IFLScience, May 15, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Supplemental Student Loans: Who Borrows and Who Defaults,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-90-33FS, Oct. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. N. Mc Adams, “School psychologists’ perceptions of procedural fidelity in special education,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Rockwell, “He Put Brooklyn on the Map,” New York Times, p. AR8, Feb. 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat.
ISSN (print)0018-9375
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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