How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Carroll, “Insignificance,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6987, p. 27, May 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. A. Bland and N. A. Artemieva, “Efficient disruption of small asteroids by Earth’s atmosphere,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6946, pp. 288–291, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Idzko, D. Ferrari, and H. K. Eltzschig, “Nucleotide signalling during inflammation,” Nature, vol. 509, no. 7500, pp. 310–317, May 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. He et al., “The zinc finger transcription factor Th-POK regulates CD4 versus CD8 T-cell lineage commitment,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7028, pp. 826–833, Feb. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Deacon, A. Derry, and D. Mirfendereski, Inflation-indexed Securities. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2004.
An edited book
G. Anders and A. Vaccaro, Eds., Innovations in Power Systems Reliability. in Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. London: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Pacyna, “Environmental Emissions of Selected Persistent Organic Pollutants,” in Persistent Pollution – Past, Present and Future: School of Environmental Research - Organized by Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, M. Quante, R. Ebinghaus, and G. Flöser, Eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Meet Dreadnoughtus, the Mesozoic monster that patrolled Argentina 80 million years ago,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Wider Use of Better Computer Software Technology Can Improve Management Control and Reduce Costs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-80-38, Apr. 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. D. Plosky, “An Investment Case for Addressing Social Drivers of Structural Stigma and Discrimination Against Refugees in Resource-Poor Urban Areas,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Kanter and M. Eddy, “E.U. Official Apologizes For Comments On Chinese,” New York Times, p. A13, Nov. 03, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat.
ISSN (print)0018-9375
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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