How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Henrich, “Social science. Cooperation, punishment, and the evolution of human institutions,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5770, pp. 60–61, Apr. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Moiseff and J. Copeland, “Firefly synchrony: a behavioral strategy to minimize visual clutter,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5988, p. 181, Jul. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. J. Armitage, J. S. Collier, and T. A. Minshull, “The importance of rift history for volcanic margin formation,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7300, pp. 913–917, Jun. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Dai, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhan, D. Zhang, N. Wang, and L. He, “A novel tissue model for angiogenesis: evaluation of inhibitors or promoters in tissue level,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 3693, Jan. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Ugeux, International Finance Regulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
L. M. Aiello and D. McFarland, Eds., Social Informatics: SocInfo 2014 International Workshops, Barcelona, Spain, November 11, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 8852. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Ito and T. Kochiyama, “Does Comprehensive Income Influence Dividends? Empirical Evidence from Japan,” in International Perspectives on Accounting and Corporate Behavior, K. Ito and M. Nakano, Eds. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2014, pp. 107–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.

Blog post
J. Fang, “What Would Happen If You Were Punched By Superman?,” IFLScience, Aug. 26, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: Financial Information on 16 Telephone and Cable Companies,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED/AIMD-94-221FS, Jul. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Pan, “The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario and J. Coscarelli, “Fyre Festival Organizers Face Wrath of Attendees,” New York Times, p. B4, May 02, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat.
ISSN (print)0018-9375
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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