How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. C. Garrett, “Chemistry. Ions at the air/water interface,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5661, pp. 1146–1147, Feb. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. E. Brown and C. C. Funk, “Climate. Food security under climate change,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5863, pp. 580–581, Feb. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Peirce, S. Carobbio, and A. Vidal-Puig, “The different shades of fat,” Nature, vol. 510, no. 7503, pp. 76–83, Jun. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. W. Huber, J. N. Chheda, C. J. Barrett, and J. A. Dumesic, “Production of liquid alkanes by aqueous-phase processing of biomass-derived carbohydrates,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5727, pp. 1446–1450, Jun. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. He, R. Zeng, and B. Zhang, Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
F. Lowenthal and L. Lefebvre, Eds., Language and Recursion. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. J. Devine and S. Macken, “Scientific Evidence and Juror Decision Making: Theory, Empirical Research, and Future Directions,” in Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2, B. H. Bornstein and M. K. Miller, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 95–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Here’s Why Scientists Haven’t Invented An Impossible Space Engine – Despite What You May Have Read,” IFLScience, Aug. 03, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Airfield Pavements,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-97-50R, Feb. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. S. Ellis, “Compound-Specific Stable Isotopic Analysis of Protein Amino Acids: Ecological Applications in Modern and Ancient Systems,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Leland, “Starring in Someone Else’s Film,” New York Times, p. MB4, Aug. 19, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat.
ISSN (print)0018-9375
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles