How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grebe, M. (2005). Plant biology. Enhanced: growth by auxin: when a weed needs acid. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5745), 60–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn, S., & Lee, S. J. (2014). Nanoparticle role on the repeatability of stimuli-responsive nanocomposites. Scientific Reports, 4, 6624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matter, N., Herrlich, P., & König, H. (2002). Signal-dependent regulation of splicing via phosphorylation of Sam68. Nature, 420(6916), 691–695.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pang, W.-W., Zhang, P., Zhang, G.-C., Xu, A.-G., & Zhao, X.-G. (2014). Dislocation creation and void nucleation in FCC ductile metals under tensile loading: a general microscopic picture. Scientific Reports, 4, 6981.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durenard, E. A. (2013). Professional Automated Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Arbab, F., & Sirjani, M. (Eds.). (2007). International Symposium on Fundamentals of Software Engineering: International Symposium, FSEN 2007, Tehran, Iran, April 17-19, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4767). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lazenby, A. J. (2005). Diverticular Colitis. In D. C. Chhieng & G. P. Siegal (Eds.), Updates in Diagnostic Pathology (pp. 30–34). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 17). Two New Species Of Vampire Crabs Discovered. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). National Transportation Safety Board: Reauthorization Provides an Opportunity to Focus on Implementing Leading Management Practices and Addressing Human Capital and Training Center Issues (GAO-10-183T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor, S. (2016). Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 6). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, in South Carolina, Shows He Is a Threat in the South. New York Times, 130.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grebe, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ahn & Lee, 2014; Grebe, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahn & Lee, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Matter et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles