How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grady, E. F. (2007). Cell signaling. Beta-arrestin, a two-fisted terminator. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5812), 605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kunz, W., & Kellermeier, M. (2009). Materials science. Beyond biomineralization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5912), 344–345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayden, E. J., Ferrada, E., & Wagner, A. (2011). Cryptic genetic variation promotes rapid evolutionary adaptation in an RNA enzyme. Nature, 474(7349), 92–95.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, H., Xu, H., Zhou, Y., Zhang, J., Long, C., Li, S., Chen, S., Zhou, J.-M., & Shao, F. (2007). The phosphothreonine lyase activity of a bacterial type III effector family. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5814), 1000–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir, I., & Seabridge, A. G. (2006). Military Avionics Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Barker, S., & Ahn, G.-J. (Eds.). (2007). Data and Applications Security XXI: 21st Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Redondo Beach, CA, USA, July 8-11, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4602). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Trigo, R. M. (2011). The Impacts of the NAO on Hydrological Resources of the Western Mediterranean. In S. M. Vicente-Serrano & R. M. Trigo (Eds.), Hydrological, Socioeconomic and Ecological Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Mediterranean Region (pp. 41–56). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 29). Divers Stumble Upon Bizarre, Car-Sized Ball Of Jelly. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Additional Costs Incurred in Maintaining the National Industrial Equipment Reserve (NIER) (B-125187). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shimpeno, P. D. (2010). Consumed: Simple Choices, Complex Problems [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, October 7). Teamsters Pension Fund Warns 400,000 of Cuts. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grady, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Grady, 2007; Kunz & Kellermeier, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kunz & Kellermeier, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Hayden et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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