How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bertrand, C. A. (2001). Tech.Sight. Color by number: imaging large data. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1335–1336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henikoff, S., & Malik, H. S. (2002). Centromeres: selfish drivers. Nature, 417(6886), 227.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghaffari, H. O., Nasseri, M. H. B., & Young, R. P. (2014). Faulting of rocks in a three-dimensional stress field by micro-anticracks. Scientific Reports, 4, 5011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seidler, R. D., Purushotham, A., Kim, S.-G., Uğurbil, K., Willingham, D., & Ashe, J. (2002). Cerebellum activation associated with performance change but not motor learning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5575), 2043–2046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S. G. (2011). Advanced Wireless Communications & Internet. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pitkänen, P., Içduygu, A., & Sert, D. (Eds.). (2012). Migration and Transformation: Multi-Level Analysis of Migrant Transnationalism (Vol. 3). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamadicharef, B. (2011). International Collaborations in Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) Research. In Z. Gong, X. Luo, J. Chen, J. Lei, & F. L. Wang (Eds.), Web Information Systems and Mining: International Conference, WISM 2011, Taiyuan, China, September 24-25, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 35–42). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, November 30). World’s Largest Exposed Fault Covers Area Twice The Size Of Belgium. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Request for Comments on Proposed Amendment (B-203547). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ithier-Guzman, W. (2010). Assessing the ability of soils and sediment to adsorb and retain cesium-137 in Puerto Rico [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, October 18). Deep Into the Wild With Jane Goodall. New York Times, C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bertrand, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bertrand, 2001; Henikoff & Malik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henikoff & Malik, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Ghaffari et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Seidler et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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