How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Milonni, P. W. (2000). Quantum decay. A watched pot boils quicker. Nature, 405(6786), 525, 527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blattman, J. N., & Greenberg, P. D. (2004). Cancer immunotherapy: a treatment for the masses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 200–205.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishizawa, N., Setoguchi, H., & Yanagisawa, K. (2013). Structural evolution of calcite at high temperatures: phase V unveiled. Scientific Reports, 3, 2832.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Flanagan, J. F., Mi, L.-Z., Chruszcz, M., Cymborowski, M., Clines, K. L., Kim, Y., Minor, W., Rastinejad, F., & Khorasanizadeh, S. (2005). Double chromodomains cooperate to recognize the methylated histone H3 tail. Nature, 438(7071), 1181–1185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, R. (2005). Rational Choice and Judgment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, X. (2015). Traceback and Anonymity (D. Reeves, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor, R. K. (2015). Consumerism: A Dead Issue? In J. D. Lindquist (Ed.), Proceedings of the 1984 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference (pp. 18–22). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 8). Using Ultrasound to Determine the Age of Baby Stars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Proposed Closure of VOA Dixon Relay Station (ID-79-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos, E. (2014). Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slivka, K. (2012, July 10). First Half of Year Hottest On Record. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Milonni, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blattman & Greenberg, 2004; Milonni, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blattman & Greenberg, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Ishizawa et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Flanagan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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