How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rauchfuss, T. B. (2007). Chemistry. A promising mimic of hydrogenase activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 553–554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harrison, S. A., & Tong, F. (2009). Decoding reveals the contents of visual working memory in early visual areas. Nature, 458(7238), 632–635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weymouth, A. J., Hofmann, T., & Giessibl, F. J. (2014). Quantifying molecular stiffness and interaction with lateral force microscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6175), 1120–1122.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Becerril, L., Galindo, I., Gudmundsson, A., & Morales, J. M. (2013). Depth of origin of magma in eruptions. Scientific Reports, 3, 2762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durbin, P. A., & Reif, B. A. P. (2010). Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent Flows. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Steves, B. A., Maciejewski, A. J., & Hendry, M. (Eds.). (2006). Chaotic Worlds: From Order to Disorder in Gravitational N-Body Dynamical Systems. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Surma, J. (2010). Case Based Reasoning for Supporting Strategy Decision Making in Small and Medium Enterprises. In S. Montani & L. C. Jain (Eds.), Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications - I (pp. 83–96). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 20). Two New Sub-Atomic Particles Discovered at CERN. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Trust Fund Revenues (GAO-02-667T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuknis, C. M. (2010). A grounded theory of deaf middle school students’ revision of their own writing [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016, December 9). Immersed in Scores, Concerts and Classes. New York Times, MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rauchfuss, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Harrison & Tong, 2009; Rauchfuss, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harrison & Tong, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Weymouth et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Becerril et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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