How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2006). Biochemist strikes gold. Nature, 441(7094), 689.
A journal article with 2 authors
McSweeney, S., & Fromme, P. (2014). Crystallography: Sources of inspiration. Nature, 505(7485), 620–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Springel, V., Frenk, C. S., & White, S. D. M. (2006). The large-scale structure of the Universe. Nature, 440(7088), 1137–1144.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lazer, D. M. J., Baum, M. A., Benkler, Y., Berinsky, A. J., Greenhill, K. M., Menczer, F., Metzger, M. J., Nyhan, B., Pennycook, G., Rothschild, D., Schudson, M., Sloman, S. A., Sunstein, C. R., Thorson, E. A., Watts, D. J., & Zittrain, J. L. (2018). The science of fake news. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6380), 1094–1096.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilmshurst, L. (2012). Clinical and Educational Child Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Geris, L., & Gomez-Cabrero, D. (Eds.). (2016). Uncertainty in Biology: A Computational Modeling Approach (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 17). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cavaliere, A. (2009). The Regulation of Access to Gas Storage. In A. Cretì (Ed.), The Economics of Natural Gas Storage: A European Perspective (pp. 55–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 29). This Is The First Biofluorescent Turtle Ever Found. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues (GAO-12-836T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomlinson, K. L. (2008). Working with the imaginal: Art-making and dialogue with figures of soul [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2016, October 23). Mom Started a Job, So Dad Is Nervous About All His New Responsibilities. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (McSweeney & Fromme, 2014; Wadman, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McSweeney & Fromme, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Springel et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lazer et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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