How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livio, M. (2002). Astrophysical spouts: the jet set. Nature, 417(6885), 125.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prives, C., & Lowe, S. W. (2015). Cancer: Mutant p53 and chromatin regulation. Nature, 525(7568), 199–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamada, T., Dautry, A., & Walport, M. (2008). Ready for avian flu? Nature, 454(7201), 162.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, W. J., Chung, Y. J., Kim, Y. H., Han, J., Lee, Y.-K., Kong, K.-J., … Lee, J.-O. (2014). Drawing circuits with carbon nanotubes: scratch-induced graphoepitaxial growth of carbon nanotubes on amorphous silicon oxide substrates. Scientific Reports, 4, 5289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nash, C. E. (2011). The History of Aquaculture. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ganzha, M., & Jain, L. C. (Eds.). (2013). Multiagent Systems and Applications: Volume 1:Practice and Experience. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alferes, J. J., Banti, F., & Brogi, A. (2006). An Event-Condition-Action Logic Programming Language. In M. Fisher, W. van der Hoek, B. Konev, & A. Lisitsa (Eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 10th European Conference, JELIA 2006 Liverpool, UK, September 13-15, 2006 Proceedings (pp. 29–42). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 30). Different Monkey Species Can Understand One Another’s “Languages.”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President’s Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments (No. PAD-80-79). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Singh, A. (2017). Improving the Usability of Typometric Solutions (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, October 8). To Say Hello To Dolly, Say Bye to $1,009. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livio, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Livio, 2002; Prives & Lowe, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prives & Lowe, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Yamada, Dautry, & Walport, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Choi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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