How to format your references using the European research on management and business economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European research on management and business economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selker, E. U. (2003). Molecular biology. A self-help guide for a trim genome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1517–1518.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kanan, M. W., & Nocera, D. G. (2008). In situ formation of an oxygen-evolving catalyst in neutral water containing phosphate and Co2+. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5892), 1072–1075.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsumoto, M., Saito, S., & Ohmine, I. (2002). Molecular dynamics simulation of the ice nucleation and growth process leading to water freezing. Nature, 416(6879), 409–413.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miller, S. A., Collettini, C., Chiaraluce, L., Cocco, M., Barchi, M., & Kaus, B. J. P. (2004). Aftershocks driven by a high-pressure CO2 source at depth. Nature, 427(6976), 724–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandén, B. I. (2011). Design of Multithreaded Software. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Akçali, E. (Ed.). (2016). Neoliberal Governmentality and the Future of the State in the Middle East and North Africa. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Dührkop, K., Ludwig, M., Meusel, M., & Böcker, S. (2013). Faster Mass Decomposition. In A. Darling & J. Stoye (Eds.), Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 13th International Workshop, WABI 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 2-4, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 45–58). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European research on management and business economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 21). Sustainability Science Is A New Academic Discipline. But Is It Sustainable? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Telecommunications: Projects and Policies Related to Deploying Broadband in Unserved and Underserved Areas (No. GAO-14-409). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cleveland, J. D. (2014). A comparative study of genetic diversities among exploited flatfishes of the California Slope with emphasis on Dover sole (Microstomus pacificus) (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013, June 6). The Gossip Just Won’t Stop. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Selker, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kanan & Nocera, 2008; Selker, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kanan & Nocera, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Matsumoto, Saito, & Ohmine, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Miller et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean research on management and business economics
ISSN (print)2444-8834
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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