How to format your references using the Atmospheric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe, M., 2004. Networking, networking, networking, networking, networking. Nature 430, 812–813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitoussi, C., Bourdon, B., 2012. Silicon isotope evidence against an enstatite chondrite Earth. Science 335, 1477–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertea, M., Salzberg, S.L., Gardner, M.J., 2000. Finding genes in Plasmodium falciparum. Nature 404, 34; discussion 34-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Hoof, A., Frischmeyer, P.A., Dietz, H.C., Parker, R., 2002. Exosome-mediated recognition and degradation of mRNAs lacking a termination codon. Science 295, 2262–2264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2014. Guidelines for Determining the Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ravi, S.S., Shukla, S.K. (Eds.), 2009. Fundamental Problems in Computing: Essays in Honor of Professor Daniel J. Rosenkrantz. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Koch, H., Tataru, D., Vişan, M., 2014. Functions of bounded p-variation, in: Tataru, D., Vişan, M. (Eds.), Dispersive Equations and Nonlinear Waves: Generalized Korteweg–de Vries, Nonlinear Schrödinger, Wave and Schrödinger Maps, Oberwolfach Seminars. Springer, Basel, pp. 41–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Are There Clouds? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Buffalo, New York (No. T-RCED-99-286). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, S., 2017. Experimental Investigations of the Critical Flowback Velocity for Various Types of Proppant in Hydraulic-Fracturing Fluids with Different Viscosities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roberts, S., 2015. Vasily Pichul, 54, Director of ‘Little Vera.’ New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watanabe, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fitoussi and Bourdon, 2012; Watanabe, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitoussi and Bourdon, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (van Hoof et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Research
AbbreviationAtmos. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-8095
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles