How to format your references using the Atmospheric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, J.G., 2010. Timeline: Lindau and the zeitgeist. Nature 467, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Straub, T., Becker, P.B., 2013. Comment on “Drosophila dosage compensation involves enhanced Pol II recruitment to male X-linked promoters.” Science 340, 273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alimardani, M., Nishio, S., Ishiguro, H., 2013. Humanlike robot hands controlled by brain activity arouse illusion of ownership in operators. Sci. Rep. 3, 2396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stuart, F.M., Lass-Evans, S., Fitton, J.G., Ellam, R.M., 2003. High 3He/4He ratios in picritic basalts from Baffin Island and the role of a mixed reservoir in mantle plumes. Nature 424, 57–59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmann, H., Steinle, A., Hahn, V., 2010. Bauen mit Betonfertigteilen im Hochbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kleiman, J., Tagawa, M., Kimoto, Y. (Eds.), 2013. Protection of Materials and Structures From the Space Environment, Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Eaton, G.R., Eaton, S.S., Barr, D.P., Weber, R.T., 2010. A More in Depth Look at the EPR Signal Response, in: Eaton, S.S., Barr, D.P., Weber, R.T. (Eds.), Quantitative EPR: A Practitioners Guide. Springer, Vienna, pp. 37–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Paying A Heavy Price For Loving The Neanderthals [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. NASA: More Knowledge Needed to Determine Best Alternatives to Provide Space Station Logistics Support (No. GAO-05-488). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Metcalfe, A.C., 2017. Using Evolution as a Context for Teaching the Nature of Science to Diverse Student Populations: A High School Unit of Curriculum (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. The Call of the Wild. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Simmons, 2010; Straub and Becker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Straub and Becker, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Stuart et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Research
AbbreviationAtmos. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-8095
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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