How to format your references using the Atmospheric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scheid, J.F., 2015. HIV-specific B cell response in patients with broadly neutralizing serum activity. Science 350, 1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
McMichael, R.D., Stiles, M.D., 2008. Physics. A new spin on the Doppler effect. Science 322, 386–387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baughman, R.H., Zakhidov, A.A., de Heer, W.A., 2002. Carbon nanotubes--the route toward applications. Science 297, 787–792.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stolarski, J., Meibom, A., Przenioslo, R., Mazur, M., 2007. A Cretaceous scleractinian coral with a calcitic skeleton. Science 318, 92–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raczynski, S., 2006. Modeling and Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Padula, F., 2015. Advances in Robust Fractional Control. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pan, M., Li, M., Li, P., Fang, Y., 2015. Economic-Robust Session Based Spectrum Trading, in: Li, M., Li, P., Fang, Y. (Eds.), Spectrum Trading in Multi-Hop Cognitive Radio Networks, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Solar Efficiency Record Smashed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Student Loans: Oversight of Servicemembers’ Interest Rate Cap Could Be Strengthened (No. GAO-17-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bozorgchami, B., 2017. Time and Bandwidth Efficiency in Transmission of Telemedicine and In-Hospital Patient Data (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L., 2013. Bathed in the Glow of Splashing Water. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scheid, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (McMichael and Stiles, 2008; Scheid, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McMichael and Stiles, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Stolarski et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Research
AbbreviationAtmos. Res.
ISSN (print)0169-8095
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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