How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Smith, “Screening for drug discovery: the leading question,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6896, pp. 453–459, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Hone and V. V. Deshpande, “Physics. Coupling strongly, discretely,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5944, pp. 1084–1085, Aug. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. C. Rhew, B. R. Miller, and R. F. Weiss, “Natural methyl bromide and methyl chloride emissions from coastal salt marshes,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6767, pp. 292–295, Jan. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. L. Turgeon, D. P. McDonnell, K. A. Martin, and P. M. Wise, “Hormone therapy: physiological complexity belies therapeutic simplicity,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5675, pp. 1269–1273, May 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. K. Das, Mobile Handset Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010.
An edited book
F. Emmert-Streib and M. Dehmer, Eds., Information Theory and Statistical Learning. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Frelin and J. Grannäs, “Navigating Middle Ground,” in Interpersonal Relationships in Education: From Theory to Practice, D. Zandvliet, P. D. Brok, T. Mainhard, and J. van Tartwijk, Eds. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2014, pp. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Green Fireballs Spotted In The Skies Above Poland And Thailand,” IFLScience, Nov. 03, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Federal Education Funding: Allocation to State and Local Agencies for 10 Programs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-99-180, Sep. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. Watson, “A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, “Swiss Conductor Will Lead the Vienna State Opera,” New York Times, p. C6, Jul. 31, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Comput. Intell. AI Games
ISSN (print)1943-068X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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