How to format your references using the Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohman, T., 2009. Mathematics. Emergence of connectivity in networks. Science 323, 1438–1439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guillot, C., Lecuit, T., 2013. Mechanics of epithelial tissue homeostasis and morphogenesis. Science 340, 1185–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chrysostomou, A., Lucas, P.W., Hough, J.H., 2007. Circular polarimetry reveals helical magnetic fields in the young stellar object HH 135-136. Nature 450, 71–73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piewngam, P., Zheng, Y., Nguyen, T.H., Dickey, S.W., Joo, H.-S., Villaruz, A.E., Glose, K.A., Fisher, E.L., Hunt, R.L., Li, B., Chiou, J., Pharkjaksu, S., Khongthong, S., Cheung, G.Y.C., Kiratisin, P., Otto, M., 2018. Pathogen elimination by probiotic Bacillus via signalling interference. Nature 562, 532–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, P., Marrongelle, K., 2012. Having Success with NSF. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bartnik, R., 2016. Optimum Investment Strategy in the Power Industry: Mathematical Models, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., Fluke, J., MacLaurin, B., Tonmyr, L., Yuan, Y.-Y., 2010. Understanding Child Maltreatment Systems: A Foundation for Child Welfare Policy, in: Kamerman, S.B., Phipps, S., Ben-Arieh, A. (Eds.), From Child Welfare to Child Well-Being: An International Perspective on Knowledge in the Service of Policy Making. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Russia Threatens to Ban US Access to ISS In Retaliation To Sanctions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1968. The Manager, the Government, and the Accounting Profession (No. 091184). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinley, K.J., 2009. Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the experience sub-groups (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bohman, 2009; Guillot and Lecuit, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guillot and Lecuit, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Piewngam et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0165-0378
Immunology and Allergy
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles