How to format your references using the Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L., 2014. Liver cancer. Nature 516, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ngai, J.T., Srivastava, D.S., 2006. Predators accelerate nutrient cycling in a bromeliad ecosystem. Science 314, 963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petit, R.J., Hu, F.S., Dick, C.W., 2008. Forests of the past: a window to future changes. Science 320, 1450–1452.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thompson, R.B., Ginzburg, V.V., Matsen, M.W., Balazs, A.C., 2001. Predicting the mesophases of copolymer-nanoparticle composites. Science 292, 2469–2472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banerjee, S., Lawrence, V., 2010. Managing Dementia in a Multicultural Society. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ohsawa, Y., Tsumoto, S. (Eds.), 2006. Chance Discoveries in Real World Decision Making: Data-based Interaction of Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, J., Yang, G., 2010. Examining Cloud Computing from the Perspective of Grid and Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, in: Antonopoulos, N., Gillam, L. (Eds.), Cloud Computing: Principles, Systems and Applications, Computer Communications and Networks. Springer, London, pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Viruses May Be More Infectious In The Morning Than Later In The Day [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (No. GAO-06-807). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, C., 2013. Regulatory functions of the actin cytoskeleton in B cell receptor signaling (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2013. What Made Him Tick. New York Times BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gravitz, 2014; Ngai and Srivastava, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ngai and Srivastava, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0165-0378
Immunology and Allergy
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles