How to format your references using the Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gusakov, A.V., 2014. Comment on “Revealing nature’s cellulase diversity: the digestion mechanism of Caldicellulosiruptor bescii CelA.” Science 344, 578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kohli, R.M., Zhang, Y., 2013. TET enzymes, TDG and the dynamics of DNA demethylation. Nature 502, 472–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thompson, R.J., Zhou, N., MacVicar, B.A., 2006. Ischemia opens neuronal gap junction hemichannels. Science 312, 924–927.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cristol, D.A., Brasso, R.L., Condon, A.M., Fovargue, R.E., Friedman, S.L., Hallinger, K.K., Monroe, A.P., White, A.E., 2008. The movement of aquatic mercury through terrestrial food webs. Science 320, 335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferro, W., 2010. Contesting the Renaissance. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Crescenzi, R., 2011. Innovation and Regional Growth in the European Union, Advances in Spatial Science, The Regional Science Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mishra, P.K., Siddiqui, M.W., Sahay, S., 2016. Polyamines, in: Siddiqui, M.W., Ayala Zavala, J.F., Hwang, C.-A. (andy) (Eds.), Postharvest Management Approaches for Maintaining Quality of Fresh Produce. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. My Brain Made Me Do It: Will Neuroscience Change The Way We Punish Criminals? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Amtrak: Better Reporting, Planning, and Improved Financial Information Could Enhance Decision Making (No. GAO-16-67). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro, R., 2012. Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Suleiman, S.R., 2016. Selected for Death. New York Times BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gusakov, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gusakov, 2014; Kohli and Zhang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kohli and Zhang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Cristol et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0165-0378
Immunology and Allergy
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles