How to format your references using the Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C.L., 2007. How the LHC came to be. Nature 448, 281–284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grandi, P., Palumbo, G.G.C., 2004. Jet and accretion-disk emission untangled in 3C 273. Science 306, 998–1002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jarillo-Herrero, P., van Dam, J.A., Kouwenhoven, L.P., 2006. Quantum supercurrent transistors in carbon nanotubes. Nature 439, 953–956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Numata, T., Ikeuchi, Y., Fukai, S., Suzuki, T., Nureki, O., 2006. Snapshots of tRNA sulphuration via an adenylated intermediate. Nature 442, 419–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waye, J.D., Aisenberg, J., Rubin, P.H., 2013. Practical Colonoscopy. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cacciabue, P.C. (Ed.), 2007. Modelling Driver Behaviour in Automotive Environments: Critical Issues in Driver Interactions with Intelligent Transport Systems. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
van den Heuvel, W.-J., 2007. To Adapt or Not to Adapt, That is the Question, in: Doumeingts, G., Müller, J., Morel, G., Vallespir, B. (Eds.), Enterprise Interoperability: New Challenges and Approaches. Springer, London, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Four New Spider Species Found In Southern Africa [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Commuter Rail: Potential Impacts and Cost Estimates for the Cancelled Hudson River Tunnel Project (No. GAO-12-344). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lofton, C.D., 2012. Mid-Career Transitions: A Qualitative Study Examining the Developmental Relationships, Attitudes, Networks, and Strategies of Frontline Workers that Seek Career Development and Advancement (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2008. Homegrown: Sweet Peaches. New York Times NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Grandi and Palumbo, 2004; Smith, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grandi and Palumbo, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Numata et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0165-0378
Immunology and Allergy
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles