How to format your references using the Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boehm, C., 2012. Ancestral hierarchy and conflict. Science 336, 844–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hijri, M., Sanders, I.R., 2005. Low gene copy number shows that arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inherit genetically different nuclei. Nature 433, 160–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogina, B., Helfand, S.L., Frankel, S., 2002. Longevity regulation by Drosophila Rpd3 deacetylase and caloric restriction. Science 298, 1745.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harlow, H.J., Lohuis, T., Beck, T.D., Iaizzo, P.A., 2001. Muscle strength in overwintering bears. Nature 409, 997.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarkar, T.K., Salazar-Palma, M., Mokole, E.L., 2007. Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Durand-Lose, J., Margenstern, M. (Eds.), 2007. Machines, Computations, and Universality: 5th International Conference, MCU 2007, Orléans, France, September 10-13, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dongarra, J., Kurzak, J., Luszczek, P., Tomov, S., 2012. Dense Linear Algebra on Accelerated Multicore Hardware, in: Berry, M.W., Gallivan, K.A., Gallopoulos, E., Grama, A., Philippe, B., Saad, Y., Saied, F. (Eds.), High-Performance Scientific Computing: Algorithms and Applications. Springer, London, pp. 123–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Climate Change Could Bring A Dramatic Increase In Lightning [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Telecommunications: Survey of State Public Utility Commissions (GAO-11-13SP, October 2010), an E-supplement to GAO-11-11 (No. GAO-11-13SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hantgan, A., 2013. Aspects of Bangime Phonology, Morphology, and Morphosyntax (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R., 2017. In Mosul’s Endgame, Escape Proves Harrowing and Surrender Unlikely. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boehm, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Boehm, 2012; Hijri and Sanders, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hijri and Sanders, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Harlow et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0165-0378
Immunology and Allergy
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles