How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. P. Fender, “ASTRONOMY: A New Source of Gamma Rays,” Science, vol. 288, no. 5475, p. 2326, Jun. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Alexander and F. Christia, “Context modularity of human altruism,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6061, pp. 1392–1394, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Balco, C. W. Rovey 2nd, and J. O. H. Stone, “The first glacial maximum in North America,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5707, p. 222, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Sakuma, A. Nishikawa, S. Kume, K. Chayama, and T. Yamamoto, “Multiplex genome engineering in human cells using all-in-one CRISPR/Cas9 vector system,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5400, Jun. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. M. Ganda, Dentist’s Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications, and Complications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
M. S. de la Fuente, Origin, Evolution and Biogeographic History of South American Turtles. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
E. M. Bader, E. Argulian, E. F. Aziz, E. Herzog, and H. Greenberg, “EKG in Pericardial Disease,” in Management of Pericardial Disease, E. Herzog, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “North Korea Mocks America For Pulling Out Of Paris Agreement,” IFLScience, 08-Jun-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Some Coordination Efforts Among Programs Providing Transportation Services, but Obstacles Persist,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-697, Jun. 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. D. Hatton, “The Changing Dynamics of Health Care: Physician Perceptions of Technology in Medical Practices,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, “Chelsea Tyler and Jon Foster: The Cradle Also Rocks,” New York Times, p. ST15, 21-Jun-2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
ISSN (print)2168-7161
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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