How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Elderfield, “Climate change. Carbonate mysteries,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5573, pp. 1618–1621, May 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. W. Frohlich and M. W. Chase, “After a dozen years of progress the origin of angiosperms is still a great mystery,” Nature, vol. 450, no. 7173, pp. 1184–1189, Dec. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Zaks, R. B. Liu, and M. S. Sherwin, “Experimental observation of electron-hole recollisions,” Nature, vol. 483, no. 7391, pp. 580–583, Mar. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. S. Sugano et al., “Stomagen positively regulates stomatal density in Arabidopsis,” Nature, vol. 463, no. 7278, pp. 241–244, Jan. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Kramer, Angewandte Baudynamik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
V. R. Alekseev, B. T. de Stasio, and J. J. Gilbert, Eds., Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates Theory and Human Use, vol. 84. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
G. O. Pasadilla and B. W. Édes, “Enhancing Social Protection,” in Rebalancing for Sustainable Growth: Asia’s Postcrisis Challenge, M. Kawai and J.-W. Lee, Eds. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2015, pp. 143–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing.

Blog post
C. Carpineti, “According To Elon Musk, There’s Only One Way For Humans To Survive The Age Of Artificial Intelligence,” IFLScience, Mar. 02, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-114, Jan. 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. I. Nomberg, “Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps,” New York Times, p. AR12, Dec. 16, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
ISSN (print)2168-7161
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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