How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Kaiser, “History: From blackboards to bombs,” Nature, vol. 523, no. 7562, pp. 523–525, Jul. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. K. Melville and P. Matusov, “Distribution of breaking waves at the ocean surface,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6884, pp. 58–63, May 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. D. Bustamante, E. G. Burchard, and F. M. De la Vega, “Genomics for the world,” Nature, vol. 475, no. 7355, pp. 163–165, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. D. Sha et al., “Inverse pseudo Hall-Petch relation in polycrystalline graphene,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5991, Aug. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Samonas, Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
S. Rau and E. Schönherr, Eds., Mapping Spatial Relations, Their Perceptions and Dynamics: The City Today and in the Past. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J. X. Madarász and T. S. Ahmed, “Amalgamation, Interpolation and Epimorphisms in Algebraic Logic,” in Cylindric-like Algebras and Algebraic Logic, H. Andréka, M. Ferenczi, and I. Németi, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 91–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Watch The Very Dangerous Ordeal Of A Sloth Pooping,” IFLScience, 04-Jul-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Identified Ways to Mitigate Data Gaps, but Contingency Plans and Schedules Require Further Attention,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-676, Sep. 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Schmittel, “The Children First Foundation Parenting Education Program: A Study on the Effectiveness of a Divorce Parenting Education Program,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Verghese, “Worried Sick,” New York Times, p. MM13, 04-Nov-2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
ISSN (print)2168-7161
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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