How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. K. Clark, “Continental collision slowing due to viscous mantle lithosphere rather than topography,” Nature, vol. 483, no. 7387, pp. 74–77, Feb. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. J. Williams and L. D. Hurst, “The proteins of linked genes evolve at similar rates,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6806, pp. 900–903, Oct. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. J. Sharam, A. R. E. Sinclair, and R. Turkington, “Serengeti birds maintain forests by inhibiting seed predators,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5936, p. 51, Jul. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Shan, E. A. Stach, J. M. K. Wiezorek, J. A. Knapp, D. M. Follstaedt, and S. X. Mao, “Grain boundary-mediated plasticity in nanocrystalline nickel,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5684, pp. 654–657, Jul. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. K. Lad, D. Shrivastava, and M. S. Kulkarni, Machine Tool Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
G. Duque and K. Watanabe, Eds., Osteoporosis Research: Animal Models. London: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
F. H. Schweingruber, A. Börner, and E.-D. Schulze, “Ontogeny of the Xylem,” in Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees: Volume 2, A. Börner and E.-D. Schulze, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 371–381.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Rare Antibody Found To Neutralize 98% Of All HIV Strains,” IFLScience, Nov. 17, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Motor Carrier Academy,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-95-43R, Nov. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. E. Whited, “An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Reason to Believe But Also To Be Cautious,” New York Times, p. D1, Dec. 05, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
ISSN (print)2168-7161
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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