How to format your references using the Journal of Reproductive Health and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Reproductive Health and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams KA. Three-dimensional structure of the ion-coupled transport protein NhaA. Nature. 2000;403(6765):112-115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazazzera BA, Hughes D. Genetics: Location affects sporulation. Nature. 2015;525(7567):42-43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu X, Han F, Zhao Q. Homologies and homeotic transformation of the theropod “semilunate” carpal. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6042.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fujisawa T, Hayashi T, Tomita R, Hirayama Y. Bidirectional counting of single electrons. Science. 2006;312(5780):1634-1636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones GF. Gravity-Driven Water Flow in Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Ohya M. Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Information and Computation and Its Applications to Nano- and Bio-Systems. (Volovich I, ed.). Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Gärtner C, Ortmann G. Recursiveness: Relations between Bodies, Metaphors, Organizations and Institutions. In: Weik E, Walgenbach P, eds. Institutions Inc. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:94-123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Reproductive Health and Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew D. What’s The Best Way To Go To The Toilet – Squatting Or Sitting? IFLScience. Published August 17, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Engineering Research Centers: NSF Program Management and Industry Sponsorship. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogri D. Effect of Water Hardness on Adsorption of Lead From Aqueous Solutions Using Douglas Fir Biochar. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Spoil Your Wrist. New York Times. April 22, 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Reproductive Health and Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Reprod. Health Med.
ISSN (print)2214-420X

Other styles