How to format your references using the Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berendsen, H.J. (2001). “Bioinformatics. Reality simulation--observe while it happens:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 294, No. 5550, pp. 2304–2305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burlini, L. and Di Toro, G. (2008). “Geophysics. Volcanic symphony in the lab:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 322, No. 5899, pp. 207–208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen, H.Z., Wang, W. and Yi, X.X. (2014). “Hall conductance and topological invariant for open systems:” Scientific reports, Vol. 4, p. 6455.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Lee, J.Y., Lee, K.-T., Seo, S. and Guo, L.J. (2014). “Decorative power generating panels creating angle insensitive transmissive colors:” Scientific reports, Vol. 4, p. 4192.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, L. (2010). Complying with Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Oemig, F. (2016). Healthcare Interoperability Standards Compliance Handbook: Conformance and Testing of Healthcare Data Exchange Standards (R. Snelick, Ed.), Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
de Queiroz, R.J.G.B. and de Oliveira, A.G. (2014). Natural Deduction for Equality: The Missing Entity. Advances in Natural Deduction: A Celebration of Dag Prawitz’s Work, Trends in Logic, Pereira, L.C., Haeusler, E.H. and de Paiva, V. eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Human Medicine And Agricultural Chemicals Found In The Blood Of Turtles, IFLScience, Available at: (Accessed: October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). High Risk Series: NASA Contract Management: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fay, J.E. (2014). California employer perspectives on older working adults specific to the Affordable Care Act health insurance mandate, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Beach Rats: New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berendsen, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Berendsen, 2001; Burlini and Di Toro, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burlini and Di Toro, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers
ISSN (print)1015-6348
ISSN (online)2287-934X

Other styles