How to format your references using the Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fredrickson, J.K. (2015). “ECOLOGY. Ecological communities by design:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 348, No. 6242, pp. 1425–1427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becks, L. and Agrawal, A.F. (2010). “Higher rates of sex evolve in spatially heterogeneous environments:” Nature, Vol. 468, No. 7320, pp. 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wearn, O.R., Reuman, D.C. and Ewers, R.M. (2012). “Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 337, No. 6091, pp. 228–232.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Throop, H.B., Bally, J., Esposito, L.W. and McCaughrean, M.J. (2001). “Evidence for dust grain growth in young circumstellar disks:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 292, No. 5522, pp. 1686–1689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., Liew, T.H. and Yeap, B.L. (2005). Turbo Coding, Turbo Equalisation and Space-Time Coding, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bonate, P.L. and Howard, D.R. (Eds.) (2011). Pharmacokinetics in Drug Development: Advances and Applications, Volume 3, Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Pichler, F. and Cifrain, M. (2014). Application-Related Battery Modelling: From Empirical to Mechanistic Approaches. Automotive Battery Technology, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology, Thaler, A. and Watzenig, D. eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). No It’s Not Your Imagination, It Actually Is Colder On The Weekend (If You Live In A City), IFLScience, Available at: (Accessed: October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Weather Forecasting: Recommendations to Address New Weather Processing System Development Risks: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sparks, G.A. (2008). Charismatic leadership: An exploratory investigation of the techniques of influence, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Widdicombe, B. (2017). Glamour? There’s an App for That: New York Times, p. ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fredrickson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Becks and Agrawal, 2010; Fredrickson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becks and Agrawal, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Throop et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers
ISSN (print)1015-6348
ISSN (online)2287-934X

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