How to format your references using the Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klein, J. (2000). “Smart polymer solutions:” Nature, Vol. 405, No. 6788, pp. 745, 747.
A journal article with 2 authors
Van de Walle, C.G. and Neugebauer, J. (2003). “Universal alignment of hydrogen levels in semiconductors, insulators and solutions:” Nature, Vol. 423, No. 6940, pp. 626–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J.L.C., Everitt, B.J. and Thomas, K.L. (2004). “Independent cellular processes for hippocampal memory consolidation and reconsolidation:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 304, No. 5672, pp. 839–843.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Smith, C.I., Chamberlain, A.T., Riley, M.S., Cooper, A., Stringer, C.B. and Collins, M.J. (2001). “Neanderthal DNA. Not just old but old and cold?” Nature, Vol. 410, No. 6830, pp. 771–772.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, R. (2011). French Animation History, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sattar, A. and Kang, B.-H. (Eds.) (2006). AI 2006: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 19th Australian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Hobart, Australia, December 4-8, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
LaBoube, R.A. (2005). Recent Advances and Progress in Design Codes: Connections. Light Gauge Metal Structures Recent Advances, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Rondal, J. and Dubina, D. eds., Springer, Vienna, pp. 37–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Jurassic Parasite Sucked Salamander Blood, IFLScience, Available at: (Accessed: October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Executive Guide: Measuring Performance and Demonstrating Results of Information Technology Investments: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khaleghi, F.K. (2017). Evaluating Satisfaction of Participants within the Outreach and Engagement Program of MECCA, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Left Out of a Tiebreaker Game, Mexico Protests, but to No Avail: New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klein, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Klein, 2000; Van de Walle and Neugebauer, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Van de Walle and Neugebauer, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers
ISSN (print)1015-6348
ISSN (online)2287-934X

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