How to format your references using the Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard, A. (2014). “Building the bionic woman:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 346, No. 6206, p. 274.
A journal article with 2 authors
Regoes, R.R. and Bonhoeffer, S. (2006). “Emergence of drug-resistant influenza virus: population dynamical considerations:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 312, No. 5772, pp. 389–391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins, F.S., Wilder, E.L. and Zerhouni, E. (2014). “Funding transdisciplinary research. NIH Roadmap/Common Fund at 10 years:” Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 345, No. 6194, pp. 274–276.
A journal article with 16 or more authors
Shwetha, S., Gouthamchandra, K., Chandra, M., Ravishankar, B., Khaja, M.N. and Das, S. (2013). “Circulating miRNA profile in HCV infected serum: novel insight into pathogenesis:” Scientific reports, Vol. 3, p. 1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dixon, C.S. (2010). Protestants, wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pedrycz, W. and Chen, S.-M. (Eds.) (2015). Information Granularity, Big Data, and Computational Intelligence, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Stephens, F.O. and Aigner, K.R. (2016). Symptoms of Cancer: Local and General. Basics of Oncology, Aigner, K.R. ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). New Methane-Processing Microbes Hint At Common Metabolizing Ancestor, IFLScience, Available at: (Accessed: October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). The Title I Program for the Handicapped: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin, R. (2017). Graph-Based Rhythm Interpretation in Optical Music Recognition, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011). Russia: Jehovah’s Witness Acquitted of Incitement: New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Howard, 2014; Regoes and Bonhoeffer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Regoes and Bonhoeffer, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Shwetha et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers
ISSN (print)1015-6348
ISSN (online)2287-934X

Other styles