How to format your references using the Heart Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harra LK. Astronomy. Looking closer at the Sun. Science 2014;346:305–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shibasaki M, Masataka N. The color red distorts time perception for men, but not for women. Sci Rep 2014;4:5899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lightowlers RN, Taylor RW, Turnbull DM. Mutations causing mitochondrial disease: What is new and what challenges remain? Science 2015;349:1494–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harms KE, Wright SJ, Calderón O, et al. Pervasive density-dependent recruitment enhances seedling diversity in a tropical forest. Nature 2000;404:493–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P, Hampton D. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
Fouché G. Accelerated VB 2005. Berkeley, CA: : Apress 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Krishnamurthy KB, Morris GL, Sazgar M. Folic Acid Supplementation. In: Sazgar M, Harden CL, eds. Controversies in Caring for Women with Epilepsy: Sorting Through the Evidence. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Asia.

Blog post
Andrew D. NASA’s $1 Billion Jupiter Probe Has Taken More Stunning New Images Of The Gas Giant. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Treasury Department and Its Bureaus Can Better Plan for and Control Computer Resources. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox CE. Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. Mozart Is the Big Draw, but Variety Is the Goal. New York Times. 2013;:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Asia
AbbreviationHeart Asia
ISSN (online)1759-1104
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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