How to format your references using the Heart Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
McNally RJ. Are we winning the war against posttraumatic stress disorder? Science 2012;336:872–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Monk BC, Goffeau A. Outwitting multidrug resistance to antifungals. Science 2008;321:367–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Chow J, Kopp RJ, Portney PR. Energy resources and global development. Science 2003;302:1528–31.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Oh C, Park S, Lee EK, et al. Downregulation of ubiquitin level via knockdown of polyubiquitin gene Ubb as potential cancer therapeutic intervention. Sci Rep 2013;3:2623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Dimond B. Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy. Oxford, UK: : Wiley-Blackwell 2010.
An edited book
1
Kurosu M, editor. Human-Computer Interaction. Theories, Methods, and Tools: 16th International Conference, HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Steigerwald J. The Ethos of Critique in German Idealism. In: Padovani F, Richardson A, Tsou JY, eds. Objectivity in Science: New Perspectives from Science and Technology Studies. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Asia.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Phasing Out Fossil Fuels For Renewables May Not Be A Straightforward Swap. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/environment/phasing-out-fossil-fuels-renewables-may-not-be-straightforward-swap/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA’s Oversight of Safety Defects. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Chellamuthu VK. Structured Population Models: Numerical Methods and Application to Frogs Infected with Chytridiomycosis. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Protess B. Apollo Global Settles Securities Case as the S.E.C. Imposes a $53 Million Fine. New York Times. 2016;:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Asia
AbbreviationHeart Asia
ISSN (online)1759-1104
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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