How to format your references using the Heart Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Eichinger N. Getting in the frame. Nature 2007;446:104–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Brazeau MD, Friedman M. The origin and early phylogenetic history of jawed vertebrates. Nature 2015;520:490–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Song C, Havlin S, Makse HA. Self-similarity of complex networks. Nature 2005;433:392–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Dollar GL, Weber U, Mlodzik M, et al. Regulation of Lethal giant larvae by Dishevelled. Nature 2005;437:1376–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ahmad SR, Cartwright M. Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
1
DeMaris A. Converting Data into Evidence: A Statistics Primer for the Medical Practitioner. New York, NY: : Springer 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Luo J, Liu T, Liu Y. FT-NIR and Confocal Microscope Raman Spectroscopic Studies of Sesame Oil Adulteration. In: Li D, Chen Y, eds. Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture V: 5th IFIP TC 5/SIG 5.1 Conference, CCTA 2011, Beijing, China, October 29-31, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2012. 24–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart Asia.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. How To Make A Zombie: The Science Behind The Undead. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-make-zombie/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Thiss PJ. Effects of dedicated academic support services on the persistence rates of California Community College student-athletes. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Long Sentences For Killers Of Liberal Lawmaker. New York Times. 2005;:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart Asia
AbbreviationHeart Asia
ISSN (online)1759-1104
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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