How to format your references using the Australasian Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Aerospace meets biotech. Nature. 2004 May 13;429(6988):223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhao M, Running SW. Drought-induced reduction in global terrestrial net primary production from 2000 through 2009. Science. 2010 Aug 20;329(5994):940–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xia K, Rosakis AJ, Kanamori H. Laboratory earthquakes: the sub-Rayleigh-to-supershear rupture transition. Science. 2004 Mar 19;303(5665):1859–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ding LX, Wang AL, Ou YN, Li Q, Guo R, Zhao WX, et al. Hierarchical Pd-Sn alloy nanosheet dendrites: an economical and highly active catalyst for ethanol electrooxidation. Sci Rep. 2013 Feb 4;3:1181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wu Z. Software VNA and Microwave Network Design and Characterisation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
Puerta JG de la, Ferreira IG, Bringas PG, Klett F, Abraham A, Carvalho ACPLF de, et al., editors. International Joint Conference SOCO’14-CISIS’14-ICEUTE’14: Bilbao, Spain, June 25th-27th, 2014, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XX, 579 p. 187 illus., 57 illus. in color. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 299).
A chapter in an edited book
Trucchia F, Romei J. Test-First Development. In: Romei J, Lowman M, Andres C, Anglin S, Beckner M, Buckingham E, et al., editors. Pro PHP Refactoring. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010. p. 57–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Molten lava meets a can of Coke [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to Army Automation Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Nov. Report No.: IMTEC-90-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao L. Modeling, Estimation and Approximation in Structured Models [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Wisely Stepping Aside In a Bombarded City. New York Times. 2012 Nov 3;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationAustralas. J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0004-8380
ISSN (online)1440-0960

Other styles