How to format your references using the Australasian Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bankaitis VA. Cell biology. Slick recruitment to the Golgi. Science. 2002 Jan 11;295(5553):290–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oh DY, Olefsky JM. Medicine. Wnt fans the flames in obesity. Science. 2010 Jul 23;329(5990):397–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz D, Mellor J, Nicoll RA. Presynaptic kainate receptor mediation of frequency facilitation at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses. Science. 2001 Mar 9;291(5510):1972–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen S, Yoshita M, Ishikawa A, Mochizuki T, Maruyama S, Akiyama H, et al. Intrinsic radiative lifetime derived via absorption cross section of one-dimensional excitons. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boussabaine A. Risk Pricing Strategies for Public-Private Partnerships Projects. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Montijano E. Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems. Sagüés C, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XII, 159 p. 46 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Boulding JR. The Family as a Way Into the Future (1978). In: Boulding JR, editor. Elise Boulding: Writings on Feminism, the Family and Quakerism. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 71–85. (Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew D. A Nevada Woman Died From A Bug That Resisted 26 Antibiotics — Here’s Why It’s So Hard To Develop New Ones [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: State Department Led Overseas Modernization Program Faces Management Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Nov. Report No.: GAO-02-41.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatcher R. Guide to improvisation for Mozart’s serenade in Bb Major, K. 361, the “Gran Partita” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Perlstein L. The Transformer. New York Times. 2008 Oct 19;BR19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationAustralas. J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0004-8380
ISSN (online)1440-0960

Other styles