How to format your references using the Australasian Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australasian Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. The Sun Again Intrudes on Earth’s Decadal Climate Change. Science. 2000 Jun 16;288(5473):1986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nadeau JA, Sack FD. Control of stomatal distribution on the Arabidopsis leaf surface. Science. 2002 May 31;296(5573):1697–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knigge C, Leigh N, Sills A. A binary origin for “blue stragglers” in globular clusters. Nature. 2009 Jan 15;457(7227):288–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shen Z, Zhao Z, Peng H, Nygren M. Formation of tough interlocking microstructures in silicon nitride ceramics by dynamic ripening. Nature. 2002 May 16;417(6886):266–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michaelian KH. Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Shingareva I. Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Maple and Mathematica. Lizárraga-Celaya C, editor. Vienna: Springer; 2011. XIII, 357 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Franke A. Three-dimensional stress echocardiography. In: Buck T, Franke A, Monaghan MJ, editors. Three-dimensional Echocardiography. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 73–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australasian Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Killing Lions Like Cecil May Actually Be Good For Conservation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Opportunities Exist for FAA to Refine the Controller Staffing Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: RCED-97-84.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voma SK. Design of Power Management Circuit for Energy Harvesting Applications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Elena Obraztsova, 75, Jewel of the Bolshoi Opera, Is Dead. New York Times. 2015 Jan 18;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralasian Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationAustralas. J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0004-8380
ISSN (online)1440-0960

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