How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Liu, “Disease outbreak: Finish the fight against Ebola,” Nature, vol. 524, no. 7563, pp. 27–29, Aug. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. R. Helliker and S. L. Richter, “Subtropical to boreal convergence of tree-leaf temperatures,” Nature, vol. 454, no. 7203, pp. 511–514, Jul. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. L. Furman, F. Murray, and S. Stern, “More for the research dollar,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7325, pp. 757–758, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. H. Bellamy, P. J. Loveland, R. I. Bradley, R. M. Lark, and G. J. D. Kirk, “Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978-2003,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7056, pp. 245–248, Sep. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-G. Remy and C. Letamendia, LTE Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
M. Fontes, M. Günther, and N. Marheineke, Eds., Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2012, vol. 19. in Mathematics in Industry, vol. 19. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. P. McKay, “Disorders of Calcium Metabolism,” in Fluid and Electrolytes in Pediatrics: A Comprehensive Handbook, L. G. Feld and F. J. Kaskel, Eds., Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2010, pp. 105–147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Brian Cox Explains Why We Haven’t Seen Aliens Yet – And It Isn’t Pretty,” IFLScience, Oct. 12, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: FCC Does Not Know if All Required Fees Are Collected,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-99-216, Aug. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. J. Winer, “Elementary School Consolidation and Reconfiguration: An Autoethnographic Case Study,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. C. McKINLEY Jr. and E. Palmer, “Although Divided, Jury Delivers Guilty Verdict in 2015 Murder of Police Officer,” New York Times, p. A22, Mar. 07, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.
ISSN (print)0018-926X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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