How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. D. Kahn, “On the future of genomic data,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6018, pp. 728–729, Feb. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Phillips and A. V. Balatsky, “Physics. Cracking the supersolid,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5830, pp. 1435–1436, Jun. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Nakagome, S. Mano, and M. Hasegawa, “Comment on ‘Nuclear genomic sequences reveal that polar bears are an old and distinct bear lineage,’” Science, vol. 339, no. 6127, p. 1522, Mar. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. R. Brummelkamp, S. M. B. Nijman, A. M. G. Dirac, and R. Bernards, “Loss of the cylindromatosis tumour suppressor inhibits apoptosis by activating NF-kappaB,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6950, pp. 797–801, Aug. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. B. Carter, Actionable Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
S. Hazareesingh and H. Maat, Eds., Local Subversions of Colonial Cultures: Commodities and Anti-Commodities in Global History. in Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Möller, M. Wältermann, and M.-N. Garcia, “Features of Quality of Experience,” in Quality of Experience: Advanced Concepts, Applications and Methods, S. Möller and A. Raake, Eds., in T-Labs Series in Telecommunication Services. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 73–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.

Blog post
K. Evans, “Even Remote Deep-Sea Animals Are Ingesting Microplastics, Study Finds,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Operations: NASA Is Not Properly Safeguarding Valuable Data From Past Missions,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-90-1, Mar. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. Negussie, “Integration of indigenous knowledge and cultural practices in early childhood care and education programs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: An exploratory case study,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Davey and M. W. Walsh, “Detroit Outlines Map to Solvency, Stressing Repair,” New York Times, p. A1, Feb. 21, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.
ISSN (print)0018-926X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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