How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Keppler, “Geology: Earth’s deep water reservoir,” Nature, vol. 507, no. 7491, pp. 174–175, Mar. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Kaser and R. S. Blumberg, “Cell biology: Stressful genetics in Crohn’s disease,” Nature, vol. 506, no. 7489, pp. 441–442, Feb. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Takeuchi, B. Kim, and S. Matsuoka, “The mitochondrial Na+-Ca2+ exchanger, NCLX, regulates automaticity of HL-1 cardiomyocytes,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2766, Sep. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Ding, K. Dai, M. C. M. van Loosdrecht, and R. J. Zeng, “Stable acetate production in extreme-thermophilic (70°C) mixed culture fermentation by selective enrichment of hydrogenotrophic methanogens,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5268, Jun. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. L. Morris, Investing with the Trend. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
X. He, Process Neural Networks: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Badrinath Krishna, G. A. Weaver, and W. H. Sanders, “PCA-Based Method for Detecting Integrity Attacks on Advanced Metering Infrastructure,” in Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 12th International Conference, QEST 2015, Madrid, Spain, September 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, J. Campos and B. R. Haverkort, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 70–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Vaccines Work Better When Injected In The Morning, Claims Study,” IFLScience, Apr. 27, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “[Comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s Implementation of Section 254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934],” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-278820, Feb. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Ebrahimi, “A recreational and vocational program for foster youth who reside in group homes: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, “Scouting Report,” New York Times, p. E6, Oct. 28, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.
ISSN (print)0018-926X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles