How to format your references using the Thrombosis and Haemostasis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thrombosis and Haemostasis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Launius RD. Neil Armstrong (1930-2012). Nature 2012; 489: 368.
A journal article with 2 authors
DePaolo DJ, Manga M. Geology. Deep origin of hotspots--the mantle plume model. Science 2003; 300: 920–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prytkova TR, Kurnikov IV, Beratan DN. Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer. Science 2007; 315: 622–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Galy V, France-Lanord C, Beyssac O, et al. Efficient organic carbon burial in the Bengal fan sustained by the Himalayan erosional system. Nature 2007; 450: 407–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Hara BT, Malisow B. CCSP® (ISC) 2® Certified Cloud Security Professional Official Study Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Burger JM, Webber CF, Klinck P, editors. Intelligent Leadership: Constructs for Thinking Education Leaders. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Lam J, Guerin F, Vasconcelos W, et al. Building Multi-Agent Systems for Workflow Enactment and Exception Handling. In: Padget J, Artikis A, Vasconcelos W, et al., editors. Coordination, Organizations, Institutions and Norms in Agent Systems V: COIN 2009 International Workshops COIN@AAMAS 2009, Budapest, Hungary, May 2009, COIN@IJCAI 2009, Pasadena, USA, July 2009, COIN@MALLOW 2009, Turin, Italy, September 2009 Revised Selected Papers Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Blog post
Fang J. More Than 200 Skeletons Discovered Underneath Parisian Market [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Acquisition: Case Study of the MILSTAR Satellite Communications System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-86-45S-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goetz SB. Perceptions toward a restraint-free practice: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Behind a Gifted Horse, A Powerful Part-Owner. New York Times 2012; B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThrombosis and Haemostasis
AbbreviationThromb. Haemost.
ISSN (print)0340-6245

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