How to format your references using the Thrombosis and Haemostasis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thrombosis and Haemostasis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirshner R. John Huchra (1948-2010). Nature 2010; 468: 174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ioannidis JPA, Khoury MJ. Improving validation practices in ‘omics’ research. Science 2011; 334: 1230–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
McLeod P, Reed N, Dienes Z. Psychophysics: how fielders arrive in time to catch the ball. Nature 2003; 426: 244–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Adams RB Jr, Gordon HL, Baird AA, et al. Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 2003; 300: 1536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakker J, Clarke RJ. Wine Flavour Chemistry. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Machado C, editor. International Human Resources Management: Challenges and Changes. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Klemm R, Klemm D. Gold Production Sites and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt. In: Klemm D, editor. Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia: Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 51–339.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Blog post
Andrew E. ‘Bonding Hormone’ Oxytocin Makes Dogs More Social [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Federal Employee’s Entitlement to Relocation Expenses Pursuant to Proposed Transfer to FAA]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Jul. Report No.: B-227236.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freedman R. Assessing the functional recovery and connectivity potential of restored estuaries in southern California using juvenile predator fish movements [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Kick Up Those Heels. New York Times 2012; C37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThrombosis and Haemostasis
AbbreviationThromb. Haemost.
ISSN (print)0340-6245

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