How to format your references using the Current Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, C. D., Cell biology: The disassembly of death. Nature, 2014, 507, 312–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wuchty, S. and Uetz, P., Protein-protein Interaction Networks of E. coli and S. cerevisiae are similar. Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 7187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gravina, B., Mellars, P., and Ramsey, C. B., Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature, 2005, 438, 51–56.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Müller, P., Bouly, J.-P., Hitomi, K., et al., ATP binding turns plant cryptochrome into an efficient natural photoswitch. Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 5175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal, T., Cheng, Y., and Fjeldly, T. A., Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2003.
An edited book
Li, M., An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications (ed. Vitányi, P.), Third Edition. Springer, New York, NY, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Shapiro, I. I., Radar Astronomy, General Relativity, and Celestial Mechanics. In Modern Questions of Celestial Mechanics (ed. Colombo, G.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011, pp. 65–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., Watch A Neurosurgeon Perform A Subdural Hematoma Operation. IFLScience, IFLScience, 2014, November 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Justice ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morton, W. G., Isolating mycorrhizal fungi from Spiranthes vernalis for subsequent in vitro seed germination. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. W., Handcuffing the Police. New York Times, 1996, February 1, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Science
AbbreviationCurr. Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-3891

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