How to format your references using the Current Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marais, R., RETROSPECTIVE. Christopher Marshall (1949-2015). Science, 2015, 350, 1040.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaughan, D. G. and Arthern, R., Climate change. Why is it hard to predict the future of ice sheets? Science, 2007, 315, 1503–1504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, D., Son, S.-W., and Jeong, H., Large-scale quantitative analysis of painting arts. Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 7370.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ganin, A. Y., Takabayashi, Y., Jeglic, P., et al., Polymorphism control of superconductivity and magnetism in Cs(3)C(60) close to the Mott transition. Nature, 2010, 466, 221–225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, D. and Balog, E., Advanced Technical Analysis of ETFs John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Zaraté, P., Kersten, G. E., and Hernández, J. E. (eds.), Group Decision and Negotiation. A Process-Oriented View: Joint INFORMS-GDN and EWG-DSS International Conference, GDN 2014, Toulouse, France, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Sturmey, P. and Williams, D. E., Functional Assessment and Analysis and Function-Based Interventions. In Pica in Individuals with Developmental Disabilities (ed. Williams, D. E.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016, pp. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R., “Transformer” Water Fleas Can Grow Armor And Weapons For Specific Predators. IFLScience, IFLScience, 2016, July 11.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Slow Progress in Addressing Long-Standing Screener Performance Problems U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalcin, D., A comparison of the Children’s Functional Assessment Rating Scale and the Child Behavior Checklist used in a wraparound program. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., ‘Bachelor in Paradise’ To Resume Taping. New York Times, 2017, June 20, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Science
AbbreviationCurr. Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-3891

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