How to format your references using the Current Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, K., Gene therapy: editorial control. Nature, 2014, 515, S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, C. A. and Bushman, B. J., Psychology. The effects of media violence on society. Science, 2002, 295, 2377–2379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Y. K., Lee, H., and Park, J. Y., Tandem-structured, hot electron based photovoltaic cell with double Schottky barriers. Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 4580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Piva, P. G., DiLabio, G. A., Pitters, J. L., et al., Field regulation of single-molecule conductivity by a charged surface atom. Nature, 2005, 435, 658–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg, U. and Cooper, C. L., The Science of Occupational Health Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Jeusfeld, M., Delcambre, L., and Ling, T.-W. (eds.), Conceptual Modeling – ER 2011: 30th International Conference, ER 2011, Brussels, Belgium, October 31 - November 3, 2011. Proceedings Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Calin, O., Chang, D.-C., and Tie, J., Hermite Operator on the Heisenberg Group. In Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A. Berenstein (eds. Sabadini, I., Struppa, D. C., and Walnut, D. F.), Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2005, pp. 37–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., Unlike A Rolling Stone: Is Science Really Better Than Journalism At Self-Correction? IFLScience, IFLScience, 2015, April 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FCC: Facilitate Future Development of Paging Systems and Implementation of Section 309(j) of the Communications Act, and Competitive Bidding U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yackel, R. J., Recruitment and retention of nurses in long -term care within the Florida Department of Veterans’ Affairs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, B., Why BuzzFeed Published the Dossier. New York Times, 2017, January 23, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Science
AbbreviationCurr. Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-3891

Other styles