How to format your references using the Current Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trewavas, A., Mindless mastery. Nature, 2002, 415, 841.
A journal article with 2 authors
Altshuler, D. L. and Clark, C. J., Ecology and evolution. Darwin’s hummingbirds. Science, 2003, 300, 588–589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryk, R., Griffin, P., and Nathan, C., Peroxynitrite reductase activity of bacterial peroxiredoxins. Nature, 2000, 407, 211–215.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schattschneider, P., Rubino, S., Hébert, C., et al., Detection of magnetic circular dichroism using a transmission electron microscope. Nature, 2006, 441, 486–488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kääriäinen, T., Cameron, D., Kääriäinen, M.-L., and Sherman, A., Atomic Layer Deposition John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Kunisch, K., Of, G., and Steinbach, O. (eds.), Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications: Proceedings of ENUMATH 2007, the 7th European Conference on Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications, Graz, Austria, September 2007 Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Grand, M., Bossuet, L., Le Gal, B., Gogniat, G., and Dallet, D., Design and Implementation of a Multi-Core Crypto-Processor for Software Defined Radios. In Reconfigurable Computing: Architectures, Tools and Applications: 7th International Symposium, ARC 2011, Belfast, UK, March 23-25, 2011. Proceedings (eds. Koch, A., Krishnamurthy, R., McAllister, J., Woods, R., and El-Ghazawi, T.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011, pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., New Stars Born at Milky Way’s Edge. IFLScience, IFLScience, 2014, April 8.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Weaknesses in Airport Security and Options for Assigning Screening Responsibilities U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phelps-Hillen, J. L., Institutional Review Boards and Writing Studies Research: A Justice-Oriented Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett, M., Winning? Political Bellwether Grows Tired Waiting for Trump to Deliver. New York Times, 2017, October 22, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Science
AbbreviationCurr. Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-3891

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