How to format your references using the Biosafety and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosafety and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Gupta, Mental health: ups and downs, Nature. 510 (2014) S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Carrete, J.L. Tella, High individual consistency in fear of humans throughout the adult lifespan of rural and urban burrowing owls, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3524.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Hayashi, S.M.C. de Sousa Lopes, M.A. Surani, Germ cell specification in mice, Science. 316 (2007) 394–396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Okura, K.-I. Miyoshi, J. Irita, D. Enomoto, T. Nagao, M. Kukida, A. Tanino, K. Kudo, Z. Pei, J. Higaki, Hyperhomocysteinemia is one of the risk factors associated with cerebrovascular stiffness in hypertensive patients, especially elderly males, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Fencott, M. Lockyer, J. Clay, P. Massey, Game Invaders, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
D. Janigro, ed., The Cell Cycle in the Central Nervous System, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
G.A. Rummler, A.J. Ramias, A Framework for Defining and Designing the Structure of Work, in: J. vom Brocke, M. Rosemann (Eds.), Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosafety and Health.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Researchers Discover Neurons That Play A Role In Asthma Attacks, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Disconnected Youth: Federal Action Could Address Some of the Challenges Faced by Local Programs That Reconnect Youth to Education and Employment, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.S. Vail, The gift of noetic image: Spontaneous imagery and psychological well-being in women with breast cancer, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Dewan, Mostly White Forces in Mostly Black Towns: Police Struggle for Racial Diversity, New York Times. (2014) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosafety and Health
ISSN (print)2590-0536

Other styles