How to format your references using the Biosafety and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosafety and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Zebrowski, The holdouts, Nature. 408 (2000) 775.
A journal article with 2 authors
V.M. Fernandes, C. Desplan, Neurobiology: Inversion in the worm, Nature. 523 (2015) 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Nagashima, A.N. Krot, H. Yurimoto, Stardust silicates from primitive meteorites, Nature. 428 (2004) 921–924.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Dean, M.G. Leakey, D. Reid, F. Schrenk, G.T. Schwartz, C. Stringer, A. Walker, Growth processes in teeth distinguish modern humans from Homo erectus and earlier hominins, Nature. 414 (2001) 628–631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Burk, Lebesgue Measure and Integration, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1997.
An edited book
L. Bellatreche, M.K. Mohania, eds., Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 15th International Conference, DaWaK 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, August 26-29, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J.O. Levitt, Shave Removal, in: J.O. Levitt, J.F. Sobanko (Eds.), Safety in Office-Based Dermatologic Surgery, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosafety and Health.

Blog post
T. Hale, German WW1 Sub “Sunk By Sea Monster” Found In Sonar Images, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, A Single Federal Authority Is Needed for Establishing or Constructing Rehabilitation Facilities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Mathew, Examining the relationship between secondary school head teachers’ leadership and teachers’ satisfaction in Kerala, India, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, Tennis Divided by Wild Cards for Sharapova, New York Times. (2017) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosafety and Health
ISSN (print)2590-0536

Other styles