How to format your references using the IEEE Systems Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Systems Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. J. Wine, “Medicine. Letting go of mucus,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6198, pp. 730–731, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Szalay and J. Gray, “2020 computing: science in an exponential world,” Nature, vol. 440, no. 7083, pp. 413–414, Mar. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. M. Krauss, S. Dodelson, and S. Meyer, “Primordial gravitational waves and cosmology,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5981, pp. 989–992, May 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. S. Ahn et al., “A novel role of three dimensional graphene foam to prevent heater failure during boiling,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1960, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Chinesta, S. Cescotto, E. Cueto, and P. Lorong, Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
K. Yamanouchi, A. Giulietti, and K. Ledingham, Eds., Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science: Volume V, vol. 98. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Intemann and I. de Melo-Martín, “Feminist Values, Commercial Values, and the Bias Paradox in Biomedical Research,” in Meta-Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science, M. C. Amoretti and N. Vassallo, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Systems Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Hubble Spots Odd Asteroid With Six Tails,” IFLScience, Nov. 08, 2013. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “GAO Work Related to ESEA of 1965,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-94-156R, Apr. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. J. Sanute, “What power? A mixed methods study of nonformal education teacher perceptions of social power,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “Film Series,” New York Times, p. C28, Jan. 26, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Systems Journal
AbbreviationIEEE Syst. J.
ISSN (print)1932-8184
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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