How to format your references using the Journal des Anti-infectieux citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal des Anti-infectieux. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coles P. The state of the Universe. Nature 2005;433:248–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee WY, Sine SM. Principal pathway coupling agonist binding to channel gating in nicotinic receptors. Nature 2005;438:243–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen J, Carlson BE, Del Genio AD. Evidence for strengthening of the tropical general circulation in the 1990s. Science 2002;295:838–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yamagiwa H, Sato S, Fukawa T, Ikehara T, Maeda R, Mihara T, et al. Detection of volatile organic compounds by weight-detectable sensors coated with metal-organic frameworks. Sci Rep 2014;4:6247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nölte J. ICP Emissionsspektrometrie für Praktiker. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Cano A. Complex Kleinian Groups. vol. 303. Basel: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Waelkens P, van Oosterom MN, van den Berg NS, Navab N, van Leeuwen FWB. Surgical Navigation: An Overview of the State-of-the-Art Clinical Applications. In: Herrmann K, Nieweg OE, Povoski SP, editors. Radioguided Surgery: Current Applications and Innovative Directions in Clinical Practice, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal des Anti-infectieux.

Blog post
Evans K. EPA Finds 97% Of Endangered Species In US Threatened By Two Common Pesticides. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow-up National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fulton E. Differential effects of nicotine on prospective memory, sustained attention, and working memory. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K. Trump Has Stocks Up. Some Funds Are Leery. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal des Anti-infectieux
ISSN (print)2210-6545
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles