How to format your references using the IEEE Sensors Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Sensors Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Lemke, “Climate. Open windows to the polar oceans,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5522, pp. 1670–1671, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Levy-Lahad and S. E. Plon, “Cancer. A risky business--assessing breast cancer risk,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5645, pp. 574–575, Oct. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Schieber, J. Southard, and K. Thaisen, “Accretion of mudstone beds from migrating floccule ripples,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5857, pp. 1760–1763, Dec. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Chiba, M. Sawicki, Y. Nishitani, Y. Nakatani, F. Matsukura, and H. Ohno, “Magnetization vector manipulation by electric fields,” Nature, vol. 455, no. 7212, pp. 515–518, Sep. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Gable and T. Herrmann, Counselling Skills for Dietitians. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
T. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Yu, and F. Wang, Eds., Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
B. K. Wiederhold and S. Bouchard, “Arachnophobia and Fear of Other Insects: Efficacy and Lessons Learned from Treatment Process,” in Advances in Virtual Reality and Anxiety Disorders, S. Bouchard, Ed. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2014, pp. 91–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Sensors Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Robots Can’t Kill You – Claiming They Can is Dangerous,” IFLScience, Jul. 06, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “ Contract Planning and Oversight Practices Were Ineffective Given the Challenges and Risks,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-824T, Jul. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. A. Lucas, “Bridging the Gap Between Schools and Families Through Teacher Home Visits,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, “Wounded by ‘Fearless Girl,’ Creator of ‘Charging Bull’ Wants Her to Move,” New York Times, p. A18, Apr. 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Sensors Journal
AbbreviationIEEE Sens. J.
ISSN (print)1530-437X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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