How to format your references using the IEEE Sensors Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Sensors Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Spurgeon, “Farmer fined for growing GM seed,” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6829, p. 615, Apr. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
U. Leonhardt and T. Tyc, “Broadband invisibility by non-Euclidean cloaking,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5910, pp. 110–112, Jan. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Burkett, C. G. Groat, and D. Reed, “Hurricanes not the key to a sustainable coast,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5817, pp. 1366–1368, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Liu et al., “One-pot protocol for bimetallic Pt/Cu hexapod concave nanocrystals with enhanced electrocatalytic activity,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1404, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Jakubith, Grundoperationen und chemische Reaktionstechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 1998.
An edited book
M. Balali-Mood and M. Abdollahi, Eds., Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Smola, A. Gretton, L. Song, and B. Schölkopf, “A Hilbert Space Embedding for Distributions,” in Discovery Science: 10th International Conference, DS 2007 Sendai, Japan, October 1-4, 2007. Proceedings, V. Corruble, M. Takeda, and E. Suzuki, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, pp. 40–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Sensors Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Bacteria Could Be Used To Prevent HIV Infections,” IFLScience, Oct. 09, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “DOD Business Systems Modernization: Longstanding Management and Oversight Weaknesses Continue to Put Investments at Risk,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-553T, Mar. 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Yamada, “The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Foreign Interference Condemned,” New York Times, p. A6, Jul. 21, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Sensors Journal
AbbreviationIEEE Sens. J.
ISSN (print)1530-437X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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