How to format your references using the Journal of Real-Time Image Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Real-Time Image Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaren, A.: Art imitates life. Science. 288, 1777 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Göhlich, U.B., Chiappe, L.M.: A new carnivorous dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen archipelago. Nature. 440, 329–332 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Qi, Y., Dolgushev, M., Zhang, Z.: Dynamics of semiflexible recursive small-world polymer networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 7576 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hanlon, R.T., Naud, M.-J., Shaw, P.W., Havenhand, J.N.: Behavioural ecology: transient sexual mimicry leads to fertilization. Nature. 433, 212 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Landa, R.: Advertising by Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Schutz, A.: Collected Papers V. Phenomenology and the Social Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Hamann, M.F., Jünemann, K.-P.: “How to Make TRUS Better”: HistoScanning-Guided Biopsies for Identification of Cancer Within the Prostate. In: Thüroff, S. and Chaussy, C.G. (eds.) Focal Therapy of Prostate Cancer: An Emerging Strategy for Minimally Invasive, Staged Treatment. pp. 51–57. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Real-Time Image Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Air Umbrella Creates “Force Field” That Keeps You Dry,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Freight Railroads: Highlights of GAO Report on Freight Rail Industry Performance, Competition, and Capacity. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunbar, S.: Sideshow: An alluring dichotomy of illusion and humanity, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: A New Owner Makes A Winning Impression, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Real-Time Image Processing
AbbreviationJ. Real Time Image Process.
ISSN (print)1861-8200
ISSN (online)1861-8219
ScopeInformation Systems

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