How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert Legenstein. 2015. Computer science: Nanoscale connections for brain-like circuits. Nature 521, 7550 (May 2015), 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jeomshik Hwang and Ellen R. M. Druffel. 2003. Lipid-like material as the source of the uncharacterized organic carbon in the ocean? Science 299, 5608 (February 2003), 881–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christine L. Hagan, Seokhee Kim, and Daniel Kahne. 2010. Reconstitution of outer membrane protein assembly from purified components. Science 328, 5980 (May 2010), 890–892.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Li, C. P. Hill, W. I. Sundquist, and J. T. Finch. 2000. Image reconstructions of helical assemblies of the HIV-1 CA protein. Nature 407, 6802 (September 2000), 409–413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vincent S. Cheng and Jimmy C. Tong. 2017. Building Sustainability in East Asia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Claudia Eckert, Sokratis K. Katsikas, and Günther Pernul (Eds.). 2014. Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: 11th International Conference, TrustBus 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Valery Alexeev. 2015. Weighted Stable Hyperplane Arrangements. In Moduli of Weighted Hyperplane Arrangements, Gilberto Bini, Martí Lahoz, Emanuele Macrí and Paolo Stellari (eds.). Springer, Basel, 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. Researchers Discover Extra DNA Base. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Office of Personnel Management: Agency Needs to Improve Outcome Measures to Demonstrate the Value of Its Innovation Lab. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benjamin N. Roberson. 2013. Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George Vecsey. 2010. Petty Remains Nascar’s Once-and-Always King. New York Times, SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.
ISSN (print)1073-0516
ISSN (online)1557-7325

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