How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gill Malin. 2006. Oceans. New pieces for the marine sulfur cycle jigsaw. Science 314, 5799 (October 2006), 607–608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brenda J. Reinhart and David P. Bartel. 2002. Small RNAs correspond to centromere heterochromatic repeats. Science 297, 5588 (September 2002), 1831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Susan E. Childers, Stacy Ciufo, and Derek R. Lovley. 2002. Geobacter metallireducens accesses insoluble Fe(III) oxide by chemotaxis. Nature 416, 6882 (April 2002), 767–769.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roberto Otero, Maya Lukas, Ross E. A. Kelly, Wei Xu, Erik Laegsgaard, Ivan Stensgaard, Lev N. Kantorovich, and Flemming Besenbacher. 2008. Elementary structural motifs in a random network of cytosine adsorbed on a gold(111) surface. Science 319, 5861 (January 2008), 312–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Otto Wildi. 2010. Data Analysis in Vegetation Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nicolas Maudet, Simon Parsons, and Iyad Rahwan (Eds.). 2007. Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: Third International Workshop, ArgMAS 2006 Hakodate, Japan, May 8, 2006 Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Esma Dilli and David W. Dodick. 2012. Headache. In Neurology: An Evidence-Based Approach, Jorge G. Burneo, Bart M. Demaerschalk and Mary E. Jenkins (eds.). Springer, New York, NY, 75–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction.

Blog post
Josh Davis. 2015. Long-Term Study Finds The Hearts Of Women And Men Age Differently. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Electronic Government: Government Paperwork Elimination Act Presents Challenges for Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iris Laudith Solano Cahuana. 2015. The Production of Apologies by Colombian Learners of English A Study of Pragmatic Acquisition in an EFL Context. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky. 2006. An Opera Is Updated, and a Diva Is Displeased. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.
ISSN (print)1073-0516
ISSN (online)1557-7325

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