How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andrew P. Dobson. 2005. Virology. What links bats to emerging infectious diseases? Science 310, 5748 (October 2005), 628–629.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scott S. Sheppard and Chadwick A. Trujillo. 2006. A thick cloud of Neptune Trojans and their colors. Science 313, 5786 (July 2006), 511–514.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. P. Kaloni, M. Tahir, and U. Schwingenschlögl. 2013. Quasi free-standing silicene in a superlattice with hexagonal boron nitride. Sci. Rep. 3, (November 2013), 3192.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seung-Wuk Lee, Chuanbin Mao, Christine E. Flynn, and Angela M. Belcher. 2002. Ordering of quantum dots using genetically engineered viruses. Science 296, 5569 (May 2002), 892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Juliet Bates, Chris Gallon, Matthew Bocci, Stuart Walker, and Tom Taylor. 2006. Converged Multimedia Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Derek J. W. McMinn (Ed.). 2009. Modern Hip Resurfacing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Howard Gest. 2005. History of the word photosynthesis and evolution of its definition. In Discoveries in Photosynthesis, Govindjee, J. Thomas Beatty, Howard Gest and John F. Allen (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 39–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction.

Blog post
Ben Taub. 2016. Electric Shocks To The Brain Help People Navigate A Maze Without Even Seeing It. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Electronic Surveillance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steven D. Cappell. 2010. Systematic analysis of essential genes reveals new regulators of G protein signaling. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Wagner. 2017. Role Players Define the Dodgers, and Hernandez Has a Leading Part. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.
ISSN (print)1073-0516
ISSN (online)1557-7325

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