How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jack J. Middelburg. 2015. Oceanography. Escape by dilution. Science 348, 6232 (April 2015), 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Bloch and G. E. Robinson. 2001. Chronobiology. Reversal of honeybee behavioural rhythms. Nature 410, 6832 (April 2001), 1048.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu Su, Clive R. Bagshaw, and Glenn A. Burley. 2013. Addressable and unidirectional energy transfer along a DNA three-way junction programmed by pyrrole-imidazole polyamides. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 1883.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. N. Cha, G. D. Stucky, D. E. Morse, and T. J. Deming. 2000. Biomimetic synthesis of ordered silica structures mediated by block copolypeptides. Nature 403, 6767 (January 2000), 289–292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arthur L. Dexter. 2012. Monitoring and Control of Information-Poor Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Joseph Sarkis, James J. Cordeiro, and Diego Vazquez Brust (Eds.). 2010. Facilitating Sustainable Innovation through Collaboration: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Philip S. Brachman and Arnold F. Kaufmann. 2009. Anthrax. In Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control, Philip S. Brachman and Elias Abrutyn (eds.). Springer US, Boston, MA, 105–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction.

Blog post
Danielle Andrew. 2017. Autistic People Are Three Times More Likely To Have Hallucinations. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Air Traffic Control: FAA Has Not Fully Assessed Its User Request Evaluation Tool. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binu Pundir. 2011. Surface pressure fluctuations due to an impinging underexpanded supersonic jet. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George P. Shultz and Pedro Aspe. 2017. Nafta Needs An Update, Not Repeal. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.
ISSN (print)1073-0516
ISSN (online)1557-7325

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