How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mordecai-Mark Mac Low. 2013. From gas to stars over cosmic time. Science 340, 6140 (June 2013), 1229229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xuefeng Gao and Lei Jiang. 2004. Biophysics: water-repellent legs of water striders. Nature 432, 7013 (November 2004), 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ehud Weiss, Mordechai E. Kislev, and Anat Hartmann. 2006. Anthropology. Autonomous cultivation before domestication. Science 312, 5780 (June 2006), 1608–1610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. D. von Dohlen, S. Kohler, S. T. Alsop, and W. R. McManus. 2001. Mealybug beta-proteobacterial endosymbionts contain gamma-proteobacterial symbionts. Nature 412, 6845 (July 2001), 433–436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Erik Serrano Berntsen and John Thompson. 2015. A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Helen Cahalane (Ed.). 2013. Contemporary Issues in Child Welfare Practice. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Henri Duvernoy, Françoise Cattin, and Pierre-Yves Risold. 2013. Anatomy. In The Human Hippocampus: Functional Anatomy, Vascularization and Serial Sections with MRI, Francoise Cattin and Pierre-Yves Risold (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 39–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Why I believe we’ll find aliens – leading expert on search for intelligent extra-terrestrial life. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Aviation Safety Hazards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deidre Brookman. 2009. Establishing context for referents in online chatroom conversations. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Sisario. 2017. Despite Security Measures, Concert Arenas Present ‘Target-Rich’ Environments. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.
ISSN (print)1073-0516
ISSN (online)1557-7325

Other styles