How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. W. Morris Jr. 2008. Materials science. Stronger, tougher steels. Science 320, 5879 (May 2008), 1022–1023.
A journal article with 2 authors
Julia Bollrath and Fiona Powrie. 2013. Immunology. Feed your Tregs more fiber. Science 341, 6145 (August 2013), 463–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Derek Vance, Damon A. H. Teagle, and Gavin L. Foster. 2009. Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets. Nature 458, 7237 (March 2009), 493–496.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kenkichi Takase, Yuya Sakimoto, Fukuko Kimura, and Dai Mitsushima. 2014. Developmental trajectory of contextual learning and 24-h acetylcholine release in the hippocampus. Sci. Rep. 4, (January 2014), 3738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
David B. Gowler. 2013. James Through the Centuries. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Shirleene Robinson and Simon Sleight (Eds.). 2016. Children, Childhood and Youth in the British World. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Alexei V. Sokolov. 2010. Applications of Coherent Raman Scattering. In Extreme Photonics & Applications, Trevor J. Hall, Sergey V. Gaponenko and Sofia A. Paredes (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. NASA’s 10-Engine Aircraft Takes Off Like a Helicopter, Flies Like a Plane. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Contracts Awarded to Aero Spacelines, Inc., for Airlift Outsized Cargo. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Antonino Crivello. 2009. DNA methylation of the interferon-gamma promoter in association with overexpression of the interferon-gamma gene in periodontal disease. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Poniewozik. 2017. Sex, Drugs and Archie. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.
ISSN (print)1073-0516
ISSN (online)1557-7325

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