How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tin-Lun Ho. 2004. PHYSICS. Arrival of the fermion superfluid. Science 305, 5687 (August 2004), 1114–1115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oliver Brüning and Paul Collier. 2007. Building a behemoth. Nature 448, 7151 (July 2007), 285–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Denholm, G. J. Devine, and M. S. Williamson. 2002. Evolutionary genetics. Insecticide resistance on the move. Science 297, 5590 (September 2002), 2222–2223.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gerhard Furrer, Brian L. Phillips, Kai-Uwe Ulrich, Rosemarie Pöthig, and William H. Casey. 2002. The origin of aluminum flocs in polluted streams. Science 297, 5590 (September 2002), 2245–2247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart Sabol. 2016. Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Aaron Marcus (Ed.). 2014. Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience Design for Diverse Interaction Platforms and Environments: Third International Conference, DUXU 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Xin Yan, Sabina Jeschke, Amit Dubey, Marc Wilke, and Hinrich Schütze. 2009. RENS – Enabling a Robot to Identify a Person. In Intelligent Robotics and Applications: Second International Conference, ICIRA 2009, Singapore, December 16-18, 2009. Proceedings, Ming Xie, Youlun Xiong, Caihua Xiong, Honghai Liu and Zhencheng Hu (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Hot Weather And CO2 Made The Tropics A No-Go Zone For Early Plant-Eating Dinosaurs. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Commercial Maritime Industry: Supplemental Information on Federal Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherry K. Kennedy-Reid. 2012. Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael Winerip, Michael Schwirtz, and Tom Robbins. 2016. New York State Taking on Union of Prison Guards. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
AbbreviationACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact.
ISSN (print)1073-0516
ISSN (online)1557-7325

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