How to format your references using the IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Palmer, “Drugs: Lines of defence,” Nature, vol. 480, no. 7376, pp. S9-10, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Vähärautio and J. Taipale, “Cancer. Cancer by super-enhancer,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6215, pp. 1291–1292, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.-I. Tanaka, M. Matsunami, and S.-I. Kimura, “An investigation of electron-phonon coupling via phonon dispersion measurements in graphite using angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3031, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Hatziioannou et al., “Generation of simian-tropic HIV-1 by restriction factor evasion,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5796, p. 95, Oct. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Adams and K. Aizawa, The Bounds of Cognition. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
A. Bramati and M. Modugno, Eds., Physics of Quantum Fluids: New Trends and Hot Topics in Atomic and Polariton Condensates, vol. 177. in Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, vol. 177. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Jones and X. Jia, “Using a Domain Specific Language for Lightweight Model-Driven Development,” in Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, ENASE 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 28-30, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, L. A. Maciaszek and J. Filipe, Eds., in Communications in Computer and Information Science. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 46–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “New Stage in Cycle of Galaxies,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Hispanic Employment: Best Practices Used by Selected Agencies and Companies,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-97-46R, Mar. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Mersch, “Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Prochnik, “Now Don’t Hear This,” New York Times, p. WK11, May 02, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Nanotechnology Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Nanotechnol. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4510
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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