How to format your references using the IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Adam, “Cause is not everything in mental illness,” Nature, vol. 511, no. 7511, p. 509, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Stewart and J. Cohen, “Monolith,” Nature, vol. 408, no. 6815, p. 913, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. G. Vander Heiden, L. C. Cantley, and C. B. Thompson, “Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5930, pp. 1029–1033, May 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Ramaswamy, M. D. Schwarzkopf, W. J. Randel, B. D. Santer, B. J. Soden, and G. L. Stenchikov, “Anthropogenic and natural influences in the evolution of lower stratospheric cooling,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5764, pp. 1138–1141, Feb. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. A. Manuele, Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
H. A. Sulaiman, M. A. Othman, M. Z. A. Abd. Aziz, and M. F. Abd Malek, Eds., Theory and Applications of Applied Electromagnetics: APPEIC 2014, vol. 344. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Wiltschi, “Protein Building Blocks and the Expansion of the Genetic Code,” in Synthetic Biology, A. Glieder, C. P. Kubicek, D. Mattanovich, B. Wiltschi, and M. Sauer, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 143–209.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Rising CO2 Levels Are Changing How Fast Forests Cycle Water,” IFLScience, May 17, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Higher Education: More Information Could Help Education Determine the Extent to Which Eligible Servicemembers Serving on Active Duty Benefited from Relief Provided by Lenders and Schools,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-07-11, Nov. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. J. Diggs, “African American Online Doctor of Management Students’ Perceptions of Dissertation Writing and Support: Narrative Inquiry,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “Left on Purpose,” New York Times, p. C9, Feb. 09, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Nanotechnology Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Nanotechnol. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4510
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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