How to format your references using the IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Anthes, “Treatment: Marginal gains,” Nature, vol. 508, no. 7496, pp. S54-6, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. E. Cheetham and L. Belluscio, “Neuroscience. An olfactory critical period,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6180, pp. 157–158, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Carrez, D. Ferré, and P. Cordier, “Implications for plastic flow in the deep mantle from modelling dislocations in MgSiO3 minerals,” Nature, vol. 446, no. 7131, pp. 68–70, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O. Pertz, L. Hodgson, R. L. Klemke, and K. M. Hahn, “Spatiotemporal dynamics of RhoA activity in migrating cells,” Nature, vol. 440, no. 7087, pp. 1069–1072, Apr. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. A. Goshtasby, Theory and Applications of Image Registration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
N. Stosic, Screw Compressors: Mathematical Modelling and Performance Calculation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. S. Lee et al., “Composites Based on Rice Husk Ash/Polyester for Use as Microwave Absorber,” in Theory and Applications of Applied Electromagnetics: APPEIC 2014, H. A. Sulaiman, M. A. Othman, M. Z. A. Abd. Aziz, and M. F. Abd Malek, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 41–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Tiny Songbird Flies 60 Hours Nonstop Across The Sahara,” IFLScience, Apr. 28, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “U.S. Postal Service: Postal and Telecommunications Sector Representation in International Organizations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-99-6BR, Oct. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. F. Bustillo, “Heart and Art: Post-adoption program: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Houston And Dallas Get Relief On Pensions,” New York Times, p. B1, Jun. 02, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Nanotechnology Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Nanotechnol. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4510
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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