How to format your references using the IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Ziemelis, “Hydrocarbon reservoirs,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6964, p. 317, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Dibner and U. Schibler, “METABOLISM. A pancreatic clock times insulin release,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6261, pp. 628–629, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. E. Tamisiea, J. X. Mitrovica, and J. L. Davis, “GRACE gravity data constrain ancient ice geometries and continental dynamics over Laurentia,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5826, pp. 881–883, May 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Quhe et al., “Does the Dirac cone exist in silicene on metal substrates?,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5476, Jun. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Minoli, IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
G. R. Baran, Healthcare and Biomedical Technology in the 21st Century: An Introduction for Non-Science Majors. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Boehm, D. Habich, S. Preissler, W. Lehner, and U. Wloka, “Vectorizing Instance-Based Integration Processes,” in Enterprise Information Systems: 11th International Conference, ICEIS 2009, Milan, Italy, May 6-10, 2009. Proceedings, J. Filipe and J. Cordeiro, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 40–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Koala Sperm Lasts In The Fridge, Not The Freezer,” IFLScience, Jun. 28, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Station: Program Instability and Cost Growth Continue Pending Redesign,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-93-187, May 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. M. Gallegos, “Shelter services for homeless older adults: A grant writing project,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “A Chicken on Every Grill For Latin-Style Tastes,” New York Times, p. NJ6, Feb. 03, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Nanotechnology Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Nanotechnol. Mag.
ISSN (print)1932-4510
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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