How to format your references using the European Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Plastic Surgery (Eur J Plast Surg). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jayaraman KS (2003) Indian prime minister pledges to revamp science. Nature 421:101
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ricklefs RE, Outlaw DC (2010) A molecular clock for malaria parasites. Science 329:226–229
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Karlson RH, Cornell HV, Hughes TP (2004) Coral communities are regionally enriched along an oceanic biodiversity gradient. Nature 429:867–870
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Liu Y, Chen C-C, Hong Z, et al (2013) Solution-processed small-molecule solar cells: breaking the 10% power conversion efficiency. Sci Rep 3:3356

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Metzger RM (2012) The Physical Chemist’s Toolbox. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Schousboe I, Winther-Lindqvist D (2013) Children’s Play and Development: Cultural-Historical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Amorim F, Moseley PL (2010) Heat Shock Protein and Inflammation. In: Asea AAA, Pedersen BK (eds) Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Physiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 57–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Watch Satellites and Space Debris Floating Around Earth in Real Time. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-satellites-and-space-debris-floating-around-earth-real-time/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Theft From Airline Passenger Baggage. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lee CM (2014) Principals’ Understanding of Teacher Evaluations Connected to the Colorado Student Assessment Program. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M (2010) Think Green and Young. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationEur. J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0930-343X
ISSN (online)1435-0130
ScopeSurgery

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