How to format your references using the European Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mellars P (2006) A new radiocarbon revolution and the dispersal of modern humans in Eurasia. Nature 439:931–935
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yewdell JW, Ince WL (2012) Virology. Frameshifting to PA-X influenza. Science 337:164–165
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chang JC, Lockner DA, Reches Z (2012) Rapid acceleration leads to rapid weakening in earthquake-like laboratory experiments. Science 338:101–105
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Wen J-D, Lancaster L, Hodges C, et al (2008) Following translation by single ribosomes one codon at a time. Nature 452:598–603

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Haginomori E, Koshiduka T, Arai J, Ikeda H (2016) Power System Transient Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Quarteroni A (2012) Calcolo Scientifico: Esercizi e problemi risolti con MATLAB e Octave, 5a edizione. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Garcia E, Giret A, Botti V (2015) ROMAS Approach Overview. In: Giret A, Botti V (eds) Regulated Open Multi-Agent Systems (ROMAS): A Multi-Agent Approach for Designing Normative Open Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 35–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2015) Biodiversity Protects Ecosystems Against Climate Change. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/biodiversity-protects-ecosystems-against-climate-change/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) Telecommunications: Challenges to Assessing and Improving Telecommunications For Native Americans on Tribal Lands. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dunn LK (2017) Hiring manager’s consideration process for ex-offender job applicants: A grounded theory study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices May Rule on Right To ‘Keep and Bear Arms.’ New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationEur. J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0930-343X
ISSN (online)1435-0130
ScopeSurgery

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