How to format your references using the European Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2005) Breaking the bottleneck. Nature 434:1047
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Parashar UD, Glass RI (2006) Public health. Progress toward rotavirus vaccines. Science 312:851–852
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Aronov D, Andalman AS, Fee MS (2008) A specialized forebrain circuit for vocal babbling in the juvenile songbird. Science 320:630–634
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Li Q, Duan L, Estes JD, et al (2005) Peak SIV replication in resting memory CD4+ T cells depletes gut lamina propria CD4+ T cells. Nature 434:1148–1152

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
De Larminat P (2014) Climate Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Gürlebeck K (2016) Application of Holomorphic Functions in Two and Higher Dimensions. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Smith CAS (2014) Assessing Academic STEM Women’s Sense of Isolation in the Workplace. In: Gilmer PJ, Tansel B, Miller MH (eds) Alliances for Advancing Academic Women: Guidelines for Collaborating in STEM Fields. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 97–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) America’s Electricity Grid Catches a Wave for the First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1987) ADP Procurements: Food and Drug Administration Circumvented Procurement Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vernold EL (2008) Special education teacher resiliency: What keeps teachers in the field? Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J (2016) The Last Days for the Circus. New York Times MB8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationEur. J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0930-343X
ISSN (online)1435-0130
ScopeSurgery

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