How to format your references using the IEEE Microwave Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Microwave Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. J. Bottjer, “Geochemistry. Life in the Early Triassic ocean,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6105, pp. 336–337, Oct. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. L. Kane and E. J. Mele, “Physics. A new spin on the insulating state,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5806, pp. 1692–1693, Dec. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Kasuya, J.-I. Sakabe, and Y. Tokura, “Potential application of in vivo imaging of impaired lymphatic duct to evaluate the severity of pressure ulcer in mouse model,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4173, Feb. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Schwickart et al., “Deubiquitinase USP9X stabilizes MCL1 and promotes tumour cell survival,” Nature, vol. 463, no. 7277, pp. 103–107, Jan. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Heller, Hairspray. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
A. Mehler, Aspects of Automatic Text Analysis, vol. 209. in Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing, vol. 209. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Spoletini, C. Vitale, and G. M. C. Rosano, “Target Organ Damage and RAAS Blockade,” in ACEi and ARBS in Hypertension and Heart Failure, P. Perrone Filardi, Ed., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 119–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Microwave Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Researchers Develop A Novel Method To Produce Blood Cells From Stem Cells,” IFLScience, Jul. 14, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Property Management: NASA’s Goal of Increasing Equipment Reutilization May Fall Short without Further Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-09-187, Jan. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. C. Thigpen, “Building a concrete foundation: A mixed-method study of teaching styles and the use of concrete, representational, and abstract mathematics instruction,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Collier; Sophia Collier is the president of the American Natural Beverage Corporation, “STREET SMARTS,” New York Times, p. 674, Jun. 12, 1988.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Microwave Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Microw. Mag.
ISSN (print)1527-3342
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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