How to format your references using the IEEE Microwave Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Microwave Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. A. Jones, “Financial pain should focus universities,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7294, pp. 32–33, May 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Martin and I. Ruf, “Paleontology. On the mammalian ear,” Science, vol. 326, no. 5950, pp. 243–244, Oct. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. J. Durack, S. E. Wijffels, and R. J. Matear, “Ocean salinities reveal strong global water cycle intensification during 1950 to 2000,” Science, vol. 336, no. 6080, pp. 455–458, Apr. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Tanaka, A. Münsterberg, W. G. Anderson, A. R. Prescott, N. Hazon, and C. Tickle, “Fin development in a cartilaginous fish and the origin of vertebrate limbs,” Nature, vol. 416, no. 6880, pp. 527–531, Apr. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. J. Y. Ho and M. Gibaldi, Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.
An edited book
B. Duncan, Please God Send Me a Wreck: Responses to Shipwreck in a 19th Century Australian Community, vol. 3. New York, NY: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Secchi, R. Olmi, C. Fantuzzi, and M. Casarini, “TRAFCON – Traffic Control of AGVs in Automatic Warehouses,” in Gearing up and accelerating cross‐fertilization between academic and industrial robotics research in Europe: Technology transfer experiments from the ECHORD project, F. Röhrbein, G. Veiga, and C. Natale, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Microwave Magazine.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Vaporized Comets Or Asteroids Detected Around A Young Star,” IFLScience, Jan. 09, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: Current Broadband Measures Have Limitations and New Measures Are Promising but Need Improvement,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-49, Oct. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Ravilla, “Correlation between diabetes and periodontitis,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justices Decline Church-State Case Involving a Kindergarten Poster of Jesus,” New York Times, p. A23, Apr. 25, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Microwave Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Microw. Mag.
ISSN (print)1527-3342
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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