How to format your references using the IEEE Microwave Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Microwave Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Grayson, “Medical research masterclass,” Nature, vol. 478, no. 7368, p. S1, Oct. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Silverman and N. Paquette, “Immunology. The right resident bugs,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5864, pp. 734–735, Feb. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Arendt, U. Technau, and J. Wittbrodt, “Evolution of the bilaterian larval foregut,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6816, pp. 81–85, Jan. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. H. Mann, A. Cook, A. Millard, S. Bailey, and M. Clokie, “Marine ecosystems: bacterial photosynthesis genes in a virus,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6950, p. 741, Aug. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. D. Zanotto, Crystals in Glass. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
E. A. Olson and J. R. Stepp, Eds., Plants and Health: New Perspectives on the Health-Environment-Plant Nexus. in Ethnobiology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. M. Sellier, R. Georgieva, and I. Dimov, “Sensitivity Analysis of Design Parameters for Silicon Diodes,” in Numerical Methods and Applications: 8th International Conference, NMA 2014, Borovets, Bulgaria, August 20-24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, I. Dimov, S. Fidanova, and I. Lirkov, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 34–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Microwave Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Scientists Discover A New Taste,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Uncertainties Surrounding IRS’ Fiscal Year 1992 Budget Request for Tax System Modernization,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-IMTEC-91-4, Mar. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. Q. Weaver, “Relationships between leadership practices of founders and successors and economic performance of select family businesses,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, “Dozens Said To Be Killed In Bombing Of ISIS Prison,” New York Times, p. A11, Jun. 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Microwave Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Microw. Mag.
ISSN (print)1527-3342
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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