How to format your references using the IEEE Magnetics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Magnetics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. S. Ramamurthi, “Molecular biology. mRNA delivers the goods,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6020, pp. 1021–1022, Feb. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. S. Joshi and T. Jacks, “Immunology. Guilty by association,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6124, pp. 1160–1161, Mar. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Bradley, K. M. S. Misura, and D. Baker, “Toward high-resolution de novo structure prediction for small proteins,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5742, pp. 1868–1871, Sep. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. M. Sunshine, H. C. Connolly Jr, T. J. McCoy, S. J. Bus, and L. M. La Croix, “Ancient asteroids enriched in refractory inclusions,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5875, pp. 514–517, Apr. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Zelterman, Discrete Distributions: Applications in the Health Sciences. in Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
E. Coudel, H. Devautour, C. T. Soulard, G. Faure, and B. Hubert, Eds., Renewing innovation systems in agriculture and food: How to go towards more sustainability? Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Kovačević, Z. Banjac, and M. Milosavljević, “Finite Impulse Response Adaptive Filters with Increased Convergence Speed,” in Adaptive Digital Filters, Z. Banjac and M. Milosavljević, Eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 109–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Magnetics Letters.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Australian Trees And Termite Mounds Hint At Hidden Gold Caches,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 10,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 147910, Jul. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. M. Roth, “Depositional Environment of the Carbonate Cap Rock at the Pine Prairie Field, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana: Implications of Salt Diapirism on Cook Mountain Reservoir Genesis,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, “Just What the Candidate Ordered,” New York Times, p. A16, Sep. 15, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Magnetics Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Magn. Lett.
ISSN (print)1949-307X
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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