How to format your references using the IEEE Magnetics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Magnetics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. E. Hyman, “A glimmer of light for neuropsychiatric disorders,” Nature, vol. 455, no. 7215, pp. 890–893, Oct. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Chin and E. Culotta, “The science of inequality. What the numbers tell us. Introduction,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6186, pp. 818–821, May 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Chatterjee, M. Mitrović, and S. Fortunato, “Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1049, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Hirotsune et al., “An expressed pseudogene regulates the messenger-RNA stability of its homologous coding gene,” Nature, vol. 423, no. 6935, pp. 91–96, May 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Spector, Understanding Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.
An edited book
A. Steck, Brain and Mind: Subjective Experience and Scientific Objectivity, 1st ed. 2016. 1st ed. 2016.Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Zou, G. Zhou, and Q. Zhu, “Negation and Speculation Target Identification,” in Natural Language Processing and Chinese Computing: Third CCF Conference, NLPCC 2014, Shenzhen, China, December 5-9, 2014. Proceedings, C. Zong, J.-Y. Nie, D. Zhao, and Y. Feng, Eds., in Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 34–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Magnetics Letters.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Spiders Have Threesomes To Avoid Cannibalistic Females,” IFLScience, Mar. 01, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Higher Education: Restructuring Student Aid Could Reduce Low-Income Student Dropout Rate,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-95-48, Mar. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. M. Stewart, “Estimation of urban-enhanced infiltration and groundwater recharge, Sierra Vista subbasin, southeast Arizona USA,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. R. Oestreich, “Still Pushing Boundaries, Relentlessly,” New York Times, p. C5, Oct. 08, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Magnetics Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Magn. Lett.
ISSN (print)1949-307X
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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