How to format your references using the IEEE Magnetics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Magnetics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Goldston, “Political climate,” Nature, vol. 450, no. 7168, p. 333, Nov. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. D. Rioux and A. K. Abbas, “Paths to understanding the genetic basis of autoimmune disease,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7042, pp. 584–589, Jun. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. P. Saborio, B. Permanne, and C. Soto, “Sensitive detection of pathological prion protein by cyclic amplification of protein misfolding,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6839, pp. 810–813, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. R. Watters et al., “Evolution of the Rembrandt impact basin on Mercury,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5927, pp. 618–621, May 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. F. Tolin, B. L. Worden, B. M. Wootton, and C. M. Gilliam, CBT for Hoarding Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
W. E. Müller, Ed., St. John’s Wort and its Active Principles in Depression and Anxiety. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Tsuchida, “Social Structures and Conflict Resolution in Primitively Eusocial Polistes Wasps,” in From Genes to Animal Behavior: Social Structures, Personalities, Communication by Color, M. Inoue-Murayama, S. Kawamura, and A. Weiss, Eds. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2011, pp. 83–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Magnetics Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Cougars Could Repopulate Midwestern U.S. In Just 25 Years,” IFLScience, 12-Nov-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: FAA Action Plan for Chicago O’Hare International Airport,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-89-114, Apr. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Krisher, “Cell-Matrix Interaction: Activation of the MAP Kinase Signaling Pathway in Salivary Gland Cells,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. E. Rice, “It’s Not Too Late on North Korea,” New York Times, p. A19, 10-Aug-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Magnetics Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Magn. Lett.
ISSN (print)1949-307X
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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