How to format your references using the IEEE Magnetics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Magnetics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. A. McDonald, “Animal health: How to control bovine tuberculosis,” Nature, vol. 511, no. 7508, pp. 158–159, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Wu and J. C. Izpisua Belmonte, “Stem cells: A designer’s guide to pluripotency,” Nature, vol. 516, no. 7530, pp. 172–173, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Obata, T. Kono, and I. Hatada, “Gene silencing: maturation of mouse fetal germ cells in vitro,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6897, p. 497, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. S. Nash, K. W. Young, R. A. Challiss, and S. R. Nahorski, “Intracellular signalling. Receptor-specific messenger oscillations,” Nature, vol. 413, no. 6854, pp. 381–382, Sep. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Ghaye, Developing the Reflective Healthcare Team. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
I. S. Wehrtmann and J. Cortés, Eds., Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica, Central America, vol. 86. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Laguillaumie, B. Libert, and J.-J. Quisquater, “Universal Designated Verifier Signatures Without Random Oracles or Non-black Box Assumptions,” in Security and Cryptography for Networks: 5th International Conference, SCN 2006, Maiori, Italy, September 6-8, 2006. Proceedings, R. D. Prisco and M. Yung, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Magnetics Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Human Spaceflight Launches Will Return to the United States,” IFLScience, Sep. 16, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information on EEO Discrimination Complaints,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-93-6R, Nov. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. W. McKinney, “The Optimal Balance of Liberal Education and Career Readiness in the Context of the American Promise: A Critical Analysis of the American Association of Colleges and Universities Liberal Education and America’s Promise Challenge,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, “Election Influence, Separate and Unequal,” New York Times, p. A16, Jul. 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Magnetics Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Magn. Lett.
ISSN (print)1949-307X
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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