How to format your references using the IEEE Magnetics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Magnetics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Rishbeth, “High above the Earth,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6893, p. 23, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. D. Wachsman and K. T. Lee, “Lowering the temperature of solid oxide fuel cells,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6058, pp. 935–939, Nov. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-B. Ma, K. Ye, and D. J. Patel, “Structural basis for overhang-specific small interfering RNA recognition by the PAZ domain,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6989, pp. 318–322, May 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Breitburg et al., “Declining oxygen in the global ocean and coastal waters,” Science, vol. 359, no. 6371, Jan. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Stenzel, CIO Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
D. Schomburg, I. Schomburg, and A. Chang, Eds., Class 2 · Transferases IV: EC -, Second Edition., vol. 31. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Burns, “Clinical Experience and Diseases of the Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha) at the Louisville Zoo,” in The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research, T. R. Defler and P. R. Stevenson, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2014, pp. 75–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Magnetics Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “First Meteor Shower Of The Year Peaks This Weekend,” IFLScience, Jan. 02, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “James Webb Space Telescope: Actions Needed to Improve Cost Estimate and Oversight of Test and Integration,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-4, Dec. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. A. Murray, “Sociocultural factors in women’s health in Swaziland,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Yankees Need One Of Those Comebacks,” New York Times, p. B17, Oct. 20, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Magnetics Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Magn. Lett.
ISSN (print)1949-307X
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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