How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Socha JJ. Applied Physics. Of snakes and robots. Science. 2014 Oct 10;346(6206):160–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greig D, Travisano M. Evolution. Haploid superiority. Science. 2003 Jan 24;299(5606):524–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang B, Xu S, Wu L. Intensified Arabian Sea tropical storms. Nature. 2012 Sep 20;489(7416):E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Castellone MD, Teramoto H, Williams BO, Druey KM, Gutkind JS. Prostaglandin E2 promotes colon cancer cell growth through a Gs-axin-beta-catenin signaling axis. Science. 2005 Dec 2;310(5753):1504–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth M. Pharmazeutische Mikrobiologie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Shek DTL, Chung P, editors. Promoting Service Leadership Qualities in University Students: The Case of Hong Kong. 1st ed. 2015. Singapore: Springer; 2015. (Quality of Life in Asia; vol. 6).
A chapter in an edited book
Ramampiaro H, Li C. Supporting BioMedical Information Retrieval: The BioTracer Approach. In: Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, Böhm C, Eder J, Plant C, editors. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems IV: Special Issue on Database Systems for Biomedical Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 73–94. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings.

Blog post
Andrew E. Divers Find The Flying Spaghetti Monster Under The Ocean [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Better Management of Federal Grant and Loan Forgiveness Programs for Teachers Needed to Improve Participant Outcomes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Feb. Report No.: GAO-15-314.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliver CN. The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Namath Has His Own Memories of ’65. New York Times. 2010 Jan 7;B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Socha 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Greig and Travisano 2003; Socha 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greig and Travisano 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Castellone et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings
AbbreviationJ. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.
ISSN (print)1087-0024
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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