How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett CL. Astrophysical observations: lensing and eclipsing Einstein’s theories. Science. 2005 Feb 11;307(5711):879–84.
A journal article with 2 authors
Srivastava D, Olson EN. A genetic blueprint for cardiac development. Nature. 2000 Sep 14;407(6801):221–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Webber BL, Le Maitre DC, Kriticos DJ. Comment on “Climatic niche shifts are rare among terrestrial plant invaders.” Science. 2012 Oct 12;338(6104):193; author reply 193.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carlsbecker A, Lee J-Y, Roberts CJ, Dettmer J, Lehesranta S, Zhou J, et al. Cell signalling by microRNA165/6 directs gene dose-dependent root cell fate. Nature. 2010 May 20;465(7296):316–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Danby FW. Acne. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Greene RE. The Geometry of Complex Domains. Kim K-T, Krantz SG, editors. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2011. (Progress in Mathematics; vol. 291).
A chapter in an edited book
McComas WF. Advance Organizers. In: McComas WF, editor. The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. p. 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings.

Blog post
Andrew E. Weathermen Of Westeros: Does The Climate In Game Of Thrones Make Sense? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Observations on the Wide Area Augmentation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-98-12.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari RA. Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo K. Laetitia Trouillet, Designer, on the Shops and Souks of Marrakesh. New York Times. 2013 Dec 15;TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gregory 2004; Shubin 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Srivastava and Olson 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanfey et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings
AbbreviationJ. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.
ISSN (print)1087-0024
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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