How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Scientific personalities. Nature. 2005 Jan 13;433(7022):177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore SE, Gaudinski JB. Atmospheric science. The secret lives of roots. Science. 2003 Nov 21;302(5649):1344–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinnunen J, Rodríguez M, Törmä P. Pairing gap and in-gap excitations in trapped fermionic superfluids. Science. 2004 Aug 20;305(5687):1131–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hua JY, Smear MC, Baier H, Smith SJ. Regulation of axon growth in vivo by activity-based competition. Nature. 2005 Apr 21;434(7036):1022–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorsey JR. Y-Size Your Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Hanna G, de Villiers M, editors. Proof and Proving in Mathematics Education: The 19th ICMI Study. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. (New ICMI Study Series; vol. 15).
A chapter in an edited book
Limpouchová Z, Procházka K. Theoretical Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy. In: Procházka K, editor. Fluorescence Studies of Polymer Containing Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 91–149. (Springer Series on Fluorescence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings.

Blog post
Luntz S. Dancing Dwarf Galaxies Mystify Astronomers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: RCED-96-65R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long KE. Voluntary exiles: Short-term Western expatriates in three Chinese cities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Scripted TV Shows Balloon, but Some Fear a Pop. New York Times. 2016 Aug 10;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Trumbore and Gaudinski 2003; Smaglik 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore and Gaudinski 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hua et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings
AbbreviationJ. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.
ISSN (print)1087-0024
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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