How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fink DW Jr. FDA regulation of stem cell-based products. Science. 2009 Jun 26;324(5935):1662–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson BC, Melosh HJ. Impact spherules as a record of an ancient heavy bombardment of Earth. Nature. 2012 May 3;485(7396):75–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard NJ, Grootes PM, Smith FH. Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd. Nature. 2004 Jul 8;430(6996):198–201.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang Y, Ruta V, Chen J, Lee A, MacKinnon R. The principle of gating charge movement in a voltage-dependent K+ channel. Nature. 2003 May 1;423(6935):42–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz D. The Future of Finance. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Marle F. Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management. Vidal L-A, editor. London: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Woods D. Optical Computing and Computational Complexity. In: Calude CS, Dinneen MJ, Păun G, Rozenberg G, Stepney S, editors. Unconventional Computation: 5th International Conference, UC 2006, York, UK, September 4-8, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 27–40. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings.

Blog post
Andrew E. Japan Is Turning Its Disused Golf Courses Into Solar Power Fields. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FTS 2000: Mandatory Use. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Feb. Report No.: IMTEC-92-33R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allard IN. Examining the relationship between organizational culture and performance: Moderators of culture gap [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Scare Easily? You’re in the Wrong Place. New York Times. 2017 Mar 20;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fink 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fink 2009; Johnson and Melosh 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Melosh 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings
AbbreviationJ. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.
ISSN (print)1087-0024
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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