How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang C-T. A novel triangle mapping technique to study the h-index based citation distribution. Sci Rep. 2013 Jan 3;3:1023.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adler SL, Bassi A. Physics. Is quantum theory exact? Science. 2009 Jul 17;325(5938):275–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nahm H-H, Park CH, Kim Y-S. Bistability of hydrogen in ZnO: origin of doping limit and persistent photoconductivity. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 18;4:4124.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ang CY, Tan SY, Lu Y, Bai L, Li M, Li P, et al. “Turn-on” fluorescence probe integrated polymer nanoparticles for sensing biological thiol molecules. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 14;4:7057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson Jr. MD WH, Moller MD JH. Pediatric Cardiology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Nguyen NT, Iliadis L, Manolopoulos Y, Trawiński B, editors. Computational Collective Intelligence: 8th International Conference, ICCCI 2016, Halkidiki, Greece, September 28-30, 2016. Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9876).
A chapter in an edited book
Neves MF, Trombin VG, Lopes FF, Kalaki R, Milan P. Citrus exports. In: Trombin VG, Lopes FF, Kalaki R, Milan P, editors. The orange juice business: A Brazilian perspective. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2012. p. 25–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings.

Blog post
Luntz S. Probe Spots 101 Geysers On Icy Saturn Moon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Ready Reserve Force: Ship Readiness Has Improved, but Other Concerns Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Nov. Report No.: NSIAD-95-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Picchini AM. Neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus: Modulation of stem cell fate by experience [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott ML. Finding What I Need at the Mall. New York Times. 2017 Mar 4;SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Adler and Bassi 2009; Zhang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adler and Bassi 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings
AbbreviationJ. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.
ISSN (print)1087-0024
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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