How to format your references using the Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith A. Screening for drug discovery: the leading question. Nature. 2002 Jul 25;418(6896):453–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Basler M, Mekalanos JJ. Type 6 secretion dynamics within and between bacterial cells. Science. 2012 Aug 17;337(6096):815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veizer J, Godderis Y, François LM. Evidence for decoupling of atmospheric CO2 and global climate during the Phanerozoic eon. Nature. 2000 Dec 7;408(6813):698–701.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brazma A, Robinson A, Cameron G, Ashburner M. One-stop shop for microarray data. Nature. 2000 Feb 17;403(6771):699–700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen TH. Leaders and Innovators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Floridi L, Taddeo M, editors. The Ethics of Information Warfare. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. (Law, Governance and Technology Series; vol. 14).
A chapter in an edited book
e Castro IV, Fareleira P, Ferreira E. Nitrogen Fixing Symbiosis in a Sustainable Agriculture. In: Hakeem KR, Akhtar MS, Abdullah SNA, editors. Plant, Soil and Microbes: Volume 1: Implications in Crop Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 55–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Do You Really Want To Know What’s Lurking In Your Genome? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: Better Management Needed for Funds Provided Under Letters of Intent. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Feb. Report No.: RCED-94-100.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Battaglia M. Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
O’connor J. Biking Through Badlands. New York Times. 2016 Sep 13;TR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2002; Basler and Mekalanos 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Basler and Mekalanos 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Brazma et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings
AbbreviationJ. Investig. Dermatol. Symp. Proc.
ISSN (print)1087-0024
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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