How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Boetius, “Ocean science. Lost City life,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5714, pp. 1420–1422, Mar. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. S. Schneider and M. C. Chambers, “Microbiology. Rogue insect immunity,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5905, pp. 1199–1200, Nov. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Browne, A. Tunnacliffe, and A. Burnell, “Anhydrobiosis: plant desiccation gene found in a nematode,” Nature, vol. 416, no. 6876, p. 38, Mar. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.-S. Wang et al., “Hierarchical chirality transfer in the growth of Towel Gourd tendrils,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3102, Oct. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Rounds and R. Segner, Construction Supervision. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
E. U. von Weizsäcker, Ed., Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker: A Pioneer on Environmental, Climate and Energy Policies, vol. 28. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. R. Roberts and K. R. Yeager, “Indicatori della predisposizione alla crisi da parte di una persona,” in Gli interventi sulla crisi: Una guida pratica, K. R. Yeager, Ed. Milano: Springer, 2012, pp. 11–11.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Mushrooms Could Extend Battery Life,” IFLScience, 07-Oct-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Security: Actions Needed to Address Challenges and Potential Vulnerabilities Related to Securing Inbound Air Cargo,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-12-632, May 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Clavio, “Uses and gratifications of Internet collegiate sport message board users,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Air Strikes On Rebels,” New York Times, p. A14, 16-Oct-2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society
AbbreviationIEEE J. Electron Devices Soc.
ISSN (print)2168-6734
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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