How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Wilbanks, “Licence restrictions: A fool’s errand,” Nature, vol. 495, no. 7442, pp. 440–441, Mar. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Pueyo and R. Jovani, “Comment on ‘A keystone mutualism drives pattern in a power function,’” Science, vol. 313, no. 5794, pp. 1739; author reply 1739, Sep. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. H. Falkenburger, K. L. Barstow, and I. M. Mintz, “Dendrodendritic inhibition through reversal of dopamine transport,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5539, pp. 2465–2470, Sep. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. J. Turnbaugh, R. E. Ley, M. Hamady, C. M. Fraser-Liggett, R. Knight, and J. I. Gordon, “The human microbiome project,” Nature, vol. 449, no. 7164, pp. 804–810, Oct. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Perini and P. Sabbion, Urban Sustainability and River Restoration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
E. Balcar, Introduction to the Graphical Theory of Angular Momentum: Case Studies, vol. 234. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Varden, “A Kantian Conception of Free Speech,” in Freedom of Expression in a Diverse World, D. Golash, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, pp. 39–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Passage Of Time: Why People With Dementia Switch Back To The Past,” IFLScience, 24-Aug-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “ADP Modernization: Health Care Financing Administration’s Software Redesign Contract,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-89-15, Mar. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. K. Jenkins, “Satisfaction and organizational commitment of civilian engineers and scientists in United States naval acquisition,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Latin, Country, Reggaeton: Great Range in Mets’ Playlists,” New York Times, p. SP1, 02-Sep-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society
AbbreviationIEEE J. Electron Devices Soc.
ISSN (print)2168-6734
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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