How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. M. Braun, “Plant science. SWEET! The pathway is complete,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6065, pp. 173–174, Jan. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. de Vernal and C. Hillaire-Marcel, “Natural variability of Greenland climate, vegetation, and ice volume during the past million years,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5883, pp. 1622–1625, Jun. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. van den Engh, P. Nelson, and J. Roach, “Numismatic gyrations,” Nature, vol. 408, no. 6812, p. 540, Nov. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. C. Elde, S. J. Child, A. P. Geballe, and H. S. Malik, “Protein kinase R reveals an evolutionary model for defeating viral mimicry,” Nature, vol. 457, no. 7228, pp. 485–489, Jan. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. S. Kulaev, V. M. Vagabov, and T. V. Kulakovskaya, The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
T. Bhattacharyya and M. A. Dritschel, Eds., Operator Algebras and Mathematical Physics: 24th International Workshop in Operator Theory and its Applications, Bangalore, December 2013, vol. 247. in Operator Theory: Advances and Applications, vol. 247. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Besenbacher, B. Schwikowski, and J. Stoye, “Indexing and Searching a Mass Spectrometry Database,” in Algorithms and Applications: Essays Dedicated to Esko Ukkonen on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, T. Elomaa, H. Mannila, and P. Orponen, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 62–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “Circadian Rhythms And Sleep Loss: What Happens In Your Brain When You Pull An All-Nighter?,” IFLScience, Aug. 12, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Race to the Top: Characteristics of Grantees’ Amended Programs and Education’s Review Process,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-12-228R, Dec. 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. M. Coleman, “Classroom management: Whose responsibility is it?,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “Endless Options in a Wrap,” New York Times, p. NJ6, Nov. 11, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society
AbbreviationIEEE J. Electron Devices Soc.
ISSN (print)2168-6734
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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