How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.-C. Wang, “Perspective: Give youth a chance,” Nature, vol. 520, no. 7549, p. S36, Apr. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. D. Harvey and K. Svoboda, “Locally dynamic synaptic learning rules in pyramidal neuron dendrites,” Nature, vol. 450, no. 7173, pp. 1195–1200, Dec. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. K. Marhas, J. N. Goswami, and A. M. Davis, “Short-lived nuclides in hibonite grains from Murchison: evidence for solar system evolution,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5601, pp. 2182–2185, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. B. Clarke, B. Voight, A. Neri, and G. Macedonio, “Transient dynamics of vulcanian explosions and column collapse,” Nature, vol. 415, no. 6874, pp. 897–901, Feb. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. C. Frueh, A. L. Grubaugh, J. D. Elhai, and J. D. Ford, Assessment and Treatment Planning for PTSD. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
J. Krogstie, A. Opdahl, and G. Sindre, Eds., Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 19th International Conference, CAiSE 2007, Trondheim, Norway, June 11-15, 2007. Proceedings, vol. 4495. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4495. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Curier, G. de Leeuw, P. Kolmonen, A.-M. Sundström, L. Sogacheva, and Y. Bennouna, “Aerosol retrieval over land using the (A)ATSR dual-view algorithm,” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land, A. A. Kokhanovsky and G. de Leeuw, Eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 135–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “The Paris Climate Change Agreement Won’t Keep Warming Below 2 Degrees,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA’s Oversight of Safety Defects,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-312, Feb. 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. L. Teague, “A Mixed Methods Study of Online Course Facilitators’ Perceptions of Mobile Technology, Design, and TPaCK Affordances,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, “Hello? Dolly? Bette Midler Might Not Sing at Tonys,” New York Times, p. C1, May 29, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society
AbbreviationIEEE J. Electron Devices Soc.
ISSN (print)2168-6734
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles