How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Clevers, “STEM CELLS. What is an adult stem cell?,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6266, pp. 1319–1320, Dec. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. J. Colton and J. N. Russell Jr, “Counterterrorism. Making the world a safer place,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5611, pp. 1324–1325, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Hwang, T. Timusk, and J. P. Carbotte, “Scanning-tunnelling spectra of cuprates,” Nature, vol. 446, no. 7132, pp. E3-4, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Mao et al., “Virus-based toolkit for the directed synthesis of magnetic and semiconducting nanowires,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5655, pp. 213–217, Jan. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. K. Misra, Practical Electromagnetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
W. Dai, Ed., Checkpoint Responses in Cancer Therapy. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Wang et al., “Slic-Seg: Slice-by-Slice Segmentation Propagation of the Placenta in Fetal MRI Using One-Plane Scribbles and Online Learning,” in Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2015: 18th International Conference, Munich, Germany, October 5-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part III, N. Navab, J. Hornegger, W. M. Wells, and A. F. Frangi, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “WATCH: Live HD streaming Of Earth From The International Space Station,” IFLScience, May 05, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Review of a Contract for Mobile Radio Sets for the Army,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PSAD-77-163, Sep. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. B. Rutherford, “500 Year Chenier, Architecture, Cultural Identity, and Land Change ‘Identification in a Dynamic Place,’” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Court Weighs Right to Guns, And Its Limits,” New York Times, p. A1, Mar. 19, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society
AbbreviationIEEE J. Electron Devices Soc.
ISSN (print)2168-6734
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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