How to format your references using the Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2012). Microscopy: Two microscopes are better than one. Nature, 492(7428), 293–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim-Muller, J. Y., & Accili, D. (2011). Cell biology. Selective insulin sensitizers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6024), 1529–1531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spencer, J. P., Dineva, E., & Smith, L. B. (2009). Comment on “Infants’ perseverative search errors are induced by pragmatic misinterpretation.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1624; author reply 1624.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jovanovic, K., Gonsalves, D., Da Costa Dias, B., Moodley, K., Reusch, U., Knackmuss, S., et al. (2013). Anti-LRP/LR specific antibodies and shRNAs impede amyloid beta shedding in Alzheimer’s disease. Scientific reports, 3, 2699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, K., & Doroslovački, M. (2013). Proportionate-Type Normalized Least Mean Square Algorithms. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Çetin, T., & Oğuz, F. (Eds.). (2011). The Political Economy of Regulation in Turkey. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Masciullo, V., Di Cesare, C., & Paris, I. (2016). Advances in Ovarian Cancer and Ongoing Clinical Trials. In A. Giordano & M. Macaluso (Eds.), Gynecological Cancers: Genetic and Epigenetic Targets and Drug Development (pp. 65–77). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 24). ExoMars Lander Crash Site Found. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Intellectual Property: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Strengthen Federal Protection and Enforcement (No. GAO-08-921T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilbur, L. J. (2017). Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, September 4). Williams and Kvitova Continue Remarkable Runs to a Showdown. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kim-Muller and Accili 2011; Smith 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim-Muller and Accili 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Jovanovic et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability
AbbreviationEduc. Assess. Eval. Acc.
ISSN (print)1874-8597
ISSN (online)1874-8600
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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