How to format your references using the Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deech, R. (2008). 30 years: from IVF to stem cells. Nature, 454(7202), 280–281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ernst, M. O., & Banks, M. S. (2002). Humans integrate visual and haptic information in a statistically optimal fashion. Nature, 415(6870), 429–433.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vance, D., Teagle, D. A. H., & Foster, G. L. (2009). Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets. Nature, 458(7237), 493–496.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murakami, S., Nakashima, R., Yamashita, E., Matsumoto, T., & Yamaguchi, A. (2006). Crystal structures of a multidrug transporter reveal a functionally rotating mechanism. Nature, 443(7108), 173–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andresen, R., Oades, L. G., & Caputi, P. (2011). Psychological Recovery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vincent, J.-L. (Ed.). (2010). Intensive Care Medicine. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Connor, R., Vadicamo, L., Cardillo, F. A., & Rabitti, F. (2016). Supermetric Search with the Four-Point Property. In L. Amsaleg, M. E. Houle, & E. Schubert (Eds.), Similarity Search and Applications: 9th International Conference, SISAP 2016, Tokyo, Japan, October 24-26, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 51–64). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 8). David Attenborough Signs Open Letter To End Experiments On Non-Human Primates. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Telecommunications: Characteristics and Choices of Internet Users (No. GAO-01-345). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villa, J. (2017). Multicultural Training for Mental Health Professionals Working in the Juvenile Justice System (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weiser, B., Protess, B., Goldstein, M., & Rashbaum, W. K. (2017, March 13). A U.S. Attorney Who Shunned Politics Meets an End Tinged by Them. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deech 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Deech 2008; Ernst and Banks 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ernst and Banks 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Murakami et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability
AbbreviationEduc. Assess. Eval. Acc.
ISSN (print)1874-8597
ISSN (online)1874-8600
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Other styles