How to format your references using the Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mestel, L. (2005). Obituary: Hermann Bondi (1919-2005). Nature, 437(7060), 828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morata, G., & Ballesteros-Arias, L. (2014). Developmental Biology. Death to the losers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6214), 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sia, G. M., Clem, R. L., & Huganir, R. L. (2013). The human language-associated gene SRPX2 regulates synapse formation and vocalization in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6161), 987–991.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bukowski, M. R., Koehntop, K. D., Stubna, A., Bominaar, E. L., Halfen, J. A., Münck, E., et al. (2005). A thiolate-ligated nonheme oxoiron(IV) complex relevant to cytochrome P450. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5750), 1000–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McEvily, A. J. (2013). Metal Failures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Solis-Oba, R., & Persiano, G. (Eds.). (2012). Approximation and Online Algorithms: 9th International Workshop, WAOA 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 8-9, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7164). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen, A., Hees, F., & Richert, A. (2014). Kreativität mit System – Innovationsmanagement strategisch umsetzen. In S. Jeschke, I. Isenhardt, F. Hees, & K. Henning (Eds.), Automation, Communication and Cybernetics in Science and Engineering 2013/2014 (pp. 45–50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 19). The Comedy Wildlife Photography Award Finalists Are Absolutely Hilarious. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). NASA’s Requirement for a Single Solid Rocket Refurbishment and Assembly Facility at Kennedy Space Center (No. NSIAD-84-124). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krepstekies, C. (2010). News Media Representations of Women in the U.S. Military Post September 11, 2001 (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K. (2015, September 27). Sarah Aciego on Breaking Barriers to Arctic Travel. New York Times, p. TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mestel 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mestel 2005; Morata and Ballesteros-Arias 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morata and Ballesteros-Arias 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bukowski et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability
AbbreviationEduc. Assess. Eval. Acc.
ISSN (print)1874-8597
ISSN (online)1874-8600
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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