How to format your references using the Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C. (2000). ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Ruling Allows Unions at Private Colleges. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1069–1071.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knollmann, B. C., & Roden, D. M. (2008). A genetic framework for improving arrhythmia therapy. Nature, 451(7181), 929–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yaguchi, S., Yaguchi, J., & Inaba, K. (2014). bicaudal-C is required for the formation of anterior neurogenic ectoderm in the sea urchin embryo. Scientific reports, 4, 6852.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chi, S. W., Zang, J. B., Mele, A., & Darnell, R. B. (2009). Argonaute HITS-CLIP decodes microRNA-mRNA interaction maps. Nature, 460(7254), 479–486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulinkovich, O. G. (2015). Cyclopropanes in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, T., Zhang, Y., Yu, H., & Wang, F. (Eds.). (2012). Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Law, B., Park, K. J., & Lacki, M. J. (2016). Insectivorous Bats and Silviculture: Balancing Timber Production and Bat Conservation. In C. C. Voigt & T. Kingston (Eds.), Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World (pp. 105–150). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 13). The Oceans Are Changing Too Fast For Marine Life To Keep Up. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Coordination, Policy Development, and Implementation for International Telecommunications Facilities (No. 106775). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliver, C. N. (2008). The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, April 19). A Japanese Immersion Course. New York Times, p. NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Holden 2000; Knollmann and Roden 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knollmann and Roden 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chi et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability
AbbreviationEduc. Assess. Eval. Acc.
ISSN (print)1874-8597
ISSN (online)1874-8600
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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