How to format your references using the Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craelius, W. (2002). The bionic man: restoring mobility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1018–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnan, R., & Lindquist, S. L. (2005). Structural insights into a yeast prion illuminate nucleation and strain diversity. Nature, 435(7043), 765–772.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wall, D. H., Nielsen, U. N., & Six, J. (2015). Soil biodiversity and human health. Nature, 528(7580), 69–76.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wooding, S., Bufe, B., Grassi, C., Howard, M. T., Stone, A. C., Vazquez, M., et al. (2006). Independent evolution of bitter-taste sensitivity in humans and chimpanzees. Nature, 440(7086), 930–934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandrea, N., & Stănescu, N.-D. (2015). Dynamics of the Rigid Solid with General Constraints by a Multibody Approach. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Khalilpour, K. R. (2016). Community Energy Networks With Storage: Modeling Frameworks for Distributed Generation. (A. Vassallo, Ed.). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Madsen, O. L. (2014). Building Safe Concurrency Abstractions. In G. Agha, A. Igarashi, N. Kobayashi, H. Masuhara, S. Matsuoka, E. Shibayama, & K. Taura (Eds.), Concurrent Objects and Beyond: Papers dedicated to Akinori Yonezawa on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (pp. 66–104). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 13). Would You Eat Synthetic Shrimp? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Youth with Autism: Federal Agencies Should Take Additional Action to Support Transition-Age Youth (No. GAO-17-352). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christiansen, L. M. (2009). The impact of high quality professional development on student achievement in the state of Missouri (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, March 3). Catch of the Year So Far. No Ball Involved. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craelius 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Craelius 2002; Krishnan and Lindquist 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krishnan and Lindquist 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wooding et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability
AbbreviationEduc. Assess. Eval. Acc.
ISSN (print)1874-8597
ISSN (online)1874-8600
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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