How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Nakano, “Cell biology: Polarized transport in the Golgi apparatus,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, pp. 427–428, May 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Xi and T. Xie, “Stem cell self-renewal controlled by chromatin remodeling factors,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5753, pp. 1487–1489, Dec. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. P. Lopinski, D. D. Wayner, and R. A. Wolkow, “Self-directed growth of molecular nanostructures on silicon,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6791, pp. 48–51, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Koizumi et al., “UDP acting at P2Y6 receptors is a mediator of microglial phagocytosis,” Nature, vol. 446, no. 7139, pp. 1091–1095, Apr. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Perez, VoLTE and ViLTE. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
C. Priami, I. Petre, and E. de Vink, Eds., Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XIV: Special Issue on Computational Models for Cell Processes, vol. 7625. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Hurault, S. Kouidri, F. Bakir, and R. Rey, “Experimental Investigation of Wall Pressure Fluctuations in Axial Flow Fans with Different Swept,” in Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE), J. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, and J. Zhang, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 20–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “New Neurons Erase Old Memories In Mice,” IFLScience, May 09, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-12-836T, Jun. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Jalali Farahani, “Adaptive Digital Calibration Techniques for High Speed, High Resolution Sigma Delta ADCs for Broadband Wireless Applications,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “Deluded, Yet So Reasonable,” New York Times, p. C1, Jun. 07, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
AbbreviationIEEE J. Solid-State Circuits
ISSN (print)0018-9200
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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