How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. L. Martínez, “Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in natural environments,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5887, pp. 365–367, Jul. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Ji and E. Zweibel, “Plasma physics. Understanding particle acceleration in astrophysical plasmas,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6225, pp. 944–945, Feb. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Tsuchida, R. Koga, and T. Fukatsu, “Host plant specialization governed by facultative symbiont,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5666, p. 1989, Mar. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. A. Tulk et al., “Structural studies of several distinct metastable forms of amorphous ice,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5585, pp. 1320–1323, Aug. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. K. Lad, D. Shrivastava, and M. S. Kulkarni, Machine Tool Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
M. J. Olek, Ed., Multiple Sclerosis: Etiology, Diagnosis, and New Treatment Strategies. in Current Clinical Neurology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Thyagarajan, “Antidotes to Botulinum Neurotoxin Botulinum neurotoxin antidotes,” in Biological Toxins and Bioterrorism, P. Gopalakrishnakone, M. Balali-Mood, L. Llewellyn, and B. R. Singh, Eds., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015, pp. 375–400.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits.

Blog post
K. Evans, “Majority Of Humpback Whales Taken Off Endangered Species List,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Need to Complete Inventories and Plans to Achieve Expected Savings,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-565, Jul. 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. K. Kraka, “Assessment of herbicides for control of non-native species: Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne spp. multiflorum ), tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), and tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum),” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. M. Nir, “The High Price of Pretty Nails,” New York Times, p. A1, May 07, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
AbbreviationIEEE J. Solid-State Circuits
ISSN (print)0018-9200
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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