How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Orrit, “Single molecules. Molecular entanglements,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5592, pp. 369–370, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. L. Johnson and S. A. S. Johnson, “Cell biology. RNA metabolism and oncogenesis,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5875, pp. 461–462, Apr. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5781, pp. 1780–1782, Jun. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Huber et al., “Sparse optical microstimulation in barrel cortex drives learned behaviour in freely moving mice,” Nature, vol. 451, no. 7174, pp. 61–64, Jan. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Gordon and S. Hernandez, The Official (ISC) 2® Guide to the SSCP 2® CBK 2®. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
E. J. Wilson and J. F. Hair, Eds., Proceedings of the 1996 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Mallett, “Modeling the Textbook Fractional Reserve Banking System,” in Emergent Results of Artificial Economics, S. Osinga, G. J. Hofstede, and T. Verwaart, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Milky Way Placed Within a ‘Council of Giant Galaxies,’” IFLScience, Mar. 12, 2014.“council-giant-galaxies”/ (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Business Systems Modernization: Scope and Content of DOD’s Congressional Report and Executive Oversight of Investments Need to Improve,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-663, May 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. Penix-Tadsen, “Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Conte, “Scouting Report,” New York Times, p. E6, Mar. 31, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.
ISSN (print)1077-260X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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