How to format your references using the Journal of Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Conference management. Nature 426: 911, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raper SCB, Braithwaite RJ. Low sea level rise projections from mountain glaciers and icecaps under global warming. Nature 439: 311–313, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Debs JE, Robins NP, Close JD. Physics. Measuring mass in seconds. Science 339: 532–533, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bromberg KD, Ma’ayan A, Neves SR, Iyengar R. Design logic of a cannabinoid receptor signaling network that triggers neurite outgrowth. Science 320: 903–909, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarry P, Beneat J. Advanced Design Techniques and Realizations of Microwave and RF Filters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
Caquard S, Vaughan L, Cartwright W, editors. Mapping Environmental Issues in the City: Arts and Cartography Cross Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Marín-Arroyo AB. New Opportunities for Previously Excavated Sites: Paleoeconomy as a Human Evolutionary Indicator at Tabun Cave (Israel). In: Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins: Human Hunting Behavior during the Later Pleistocene, edited by Clark JL, Speth JD. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, p. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. One Ton Guinea Pig Cousin Used Gnashers Like Tusks [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience2015. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Education Products. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard-Skipper J. Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers. Capella University2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Walking Dead Creator Is Ending a Comic. New York Times : C3, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Raper and Braithwaite 2006; Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raper and Braithwaite 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Bromberg et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3077
ISSN (online)1522-1598
General Neuroscience

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