How to format your references using the Journal of Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford N. Turbulent times. Nature 443: 385, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shibasaki M, Masataka N. The color red distorts time perception for men, but not for women. Sci Rep 4: 5899, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mani A, Rahwan I, Pentland A. Inducing peer pressure to promote cooperation. Sci Rep 3: 1735, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hayama R, Yokoi S, Tamaki S, Yano M, Shimamoto K. Adaptation of photoperiodic control pathways produces short-day flowering in rice. Nature 422: 719–722, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beckers B, Beckers P. Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Gould L, Sauther ML, editors. Lemurs: Ecology and Adaptation. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Yucel T, Yildiz E, Erdemir U, Cakan DG, Sayinsu K. Diagnosis. In: Esthetic and Functional Management of Diastema: A Multidisciplinary Approach, edited by Erdemir U, Yildiz E. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, p. 39–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurophysiology.

Blog post
Davis J. Gut Bacteria Found In African Apes Perfectly Match Our Evolutionary Relationships [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience2016. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Budget: Potential Shortfalls in Funding NASA’s 5-Year Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradford J. Commutative endomorphism rings of simple abelian varieties over finite fields. University of Maryland, College Park2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. The Know-Nothing Mets? There’s a Pattern Here. New York Times : D4, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stafford 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Shibasaki and Masataka 2014; Stafford 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shibasaki and Masataka 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hayama et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3077
ISSN (online)1522-1598
General Neuroscience

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