How to format your references using the Journal of Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. Running interference on the genome. Nature 428: 225, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker H, Walker RJ. Efficient mixing of the solar nebula from uniform Mo isotopic composition of meteorites. Nature 425: 152–155, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez G, Wilkins G, Thiemens MH. The Soret effect and isotopic fractionation in high-temperature silicate melts. Nature 473: 70–73, 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gallopin T, Fort P, Eggermann E, Cauli B, Luppi PH, Rossier J, Audinat E, Mühlethaler M, Serafin M. Identification of sleep-promoting neurons in vitro. Nature 404: 992–995, 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chance DM. Essays in Derivatives. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Nunnally BK, Turula VE, Sitrin RD, editors. Vaccine Analysis: Strategies, Principles, and Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Lahr J, Kahn B, Morton S. Radioanalytical Chemistry Principles and Practices. In: Radioanalytical Chemistry, edited by Kahn B. New York, NY: Springer, 2007, p. 64–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurophysiology.

Blog post
Fang J. Pair of Supermassive Black Holes Spotted [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience2014. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Heroin Hotline. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cruz AA. Concordance between therapists’ self -reports and observers’ ratings of adherence to marital therapy. Pepperdine University2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins L. Chemistry Lab Fire Injures 2 At a Manhattan High School. New York Times : A16, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Becker and Walker 2003; Smith 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker and Walker 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gallopin et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3077
ISSN (online)1522-1598
General Neuroscience

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