How to format your references using the Journal of Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware P. US minorities stake their claim in science and engineering. Nature 405: 717–718, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Famiglietti JS, Rodell M. Environmental science. Water in the balance. Science 340: 1300–1301, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nabel GJ, Wolinsky SM, Haynes BF. Retrospective. Norman L. Letvin (1949-2012). Science 336: 1653, 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reyes-Garcia V, Godoy R, Vadez V, Apaza L, Byron E, Huanca T, Leonard WR, Pérez E, Wilkie D. Ethnobotanical knowledge shared widely among Tsimane’ Amerindians, Bolivia. Science 299: 1707, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMillan EJ. Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Kall P. Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation. 2nd ed. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Duncan JG, Finck BN. PPAR/PGC-1 Regulation of Metabolism in Cardiac Disease. In: Translational Cardiology: Molecular Basis of Cardiac Metabolism, Cardiac Remodeling, Translational Therapies and Imaging Techniques, edited by Patterson C, Willis MS. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2012, p. 83–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurophysiology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. How Fish And Clean Water Can Protect Coral Reefs From Warming Oceans [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience2016. [30 Oct. 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The National Direct Student Loan Program Requires More Attention by the Office of Education and Participating Institutions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens T. The evolution of transformative communication patterns in 1-to-1 computing classrooms. Pepperdine University2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Settled in the City, But Still in a Hurry Every Weekend. New York Times : B18, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Famiglietti and Rodell 2013; Wickware 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Famiglietti and Rodell 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Reyes-Garcia et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3077
ISSN (online)1522-1598
General Neuroscience

Other styles