How to format your references using the Papillomavirus Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Papillomavirus Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Poon, Physics. Colloids as big atoms, Science. 304 (2004) 830–831.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.R. Goring, J.C. Walker, Plant sciences. Self-rejection--a new kinase connection, Science. 303 (2004) 1474–1475.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.A. Warner, T. Uller, R. Shine, Transgenerational sex determination: the embryonic environment experienced by a male affects offspring sex ratio, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2709.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G.A. Abers, A. Ferris, M. Craig, H. Davies, A.L. Lerner-Lam, J.C. Mutter, B. Taylor, Mantle compensation of active metamorphic core complexes at Woodlark rift in Papua New Guinea, Nature. 418 (2002) 862–865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Onstott, AutoCAD® and AutoCAD LT® Essentials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, 2017.
An edited book
A.J. Dupuy, D.A. Largaespada, eds., Insertional Mutagenesis Strategies in Cancer Genetics, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M.A.P. Pertijs, J.H. Huijsing, SIGMA-DELTA ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERSION, in: J.H. Huijsing (Ed.), PRECISION TEMPERATURE SENSORS IN CMOS TECHNOLOGY, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 107–157.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Papillomavirus Research.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Mount Etna Just Exploded Into Life, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Transportation System: Past, Present, Future, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.W. Adams, Shepherd leadership of Church of God pastors and how this relates to ministerial effectiveness, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kercher, First Tinder, Then Marriage?, New York Times. (2017) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePapillomavirus Research
AbbreviationPapillomavirus Res.
ISSN (print)2405-8521

Other styles