How to format your references using the Papillomavirus Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Papillomavirus Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Phillips, Organic materials. From insulator to superconductor, Nature. 406 (2000) 687–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.J. Parnell, H.M. Buchanan-Smith, Animal behaviour. An unusual social display by gorillas, Nature. 412 (2001) 294.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Stern, P.J. Hines, J. Travis, The aging brain. Introduction, Science. 346 (2014) 566–567.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.J.J. Macintosh, L. Pelletier, A. Chiaradia, A. Kato, Y. Ropert-Coudert, Temporal fractals in seabird foraging behaviour: diving through the scales of time, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.Y. Rhee, Wireless Mobile Internet Security, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
C. Russell, V. Angelopoulos, eds., The ARTEMIS Mission, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C.M. Eakin, J.M. Lough, S.F. Heron, Climate Variability and Change: Monitoring Data and Evidence for Increased Coral Bleaching Stress, in: M.J.H. van Oppen, J.M. Lough (Eds.), Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 41–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Papillomavirus Research.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Strange High-Speed Ripples Spotted In Distant Planetary Disc For First Time Ever, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Agencies Need to Improve the Implementation and Use of Earned Value Techniques to Help Manage Major System Acquisitions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.S. Sutton, Structural and geophysical interpretation of Roatán Island, Honduras, Western Caribbean, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, DeGrom Escapes Despite A Barrage of Home Runs, New York Times. (2017) D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePapillomavirus Research
AbbreviationPapillomavirus Res.
ISSN (print)2405-8521

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