How to format your references using the IEEE Internet of Things Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Internet of Things Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Gould, “Cannabis: 4 big questions,” Nature, vol. 525, no. 7570, p. S18, Sep. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Nagamatsu and M. Ohara-Imaizumi, “Cell biology. IP7 debut in insulin release,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5854, pp. 1249–1250, Nov. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Q. Duan, E. Goodale, and R.-C. Quan, “Bird fruit preferences match the frequency of fruit colours in tropical Asia,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5627, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.-H. Huang et al., “The structure of a human p110alpha/p85alpha complex elucidates the effects of oncogenic PI3Kalpha mutations,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5857, pp. 1744–1748, Dec. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. R. Hopkins, Fundraising Law Made Easy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
J. Heidrich, M. Oivo, A. Jedlitschka, and M. T. Baldassarre, Eds., Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 14th International Conference, PROFES 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, June 12-14, 2013. Proceedings, vol. 7983. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 7983. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Fricchione, “Separation–Attachment Theory in Illness and the Role of the Healthcare Practitioner,” in Whole Person Care: A New Paradigm for the 21st Century, T. A. Hutchinson, Ed., New York, NY: Springer, 2011, pp. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Internet of Things Journal.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Ganymede’s Ice and Oceans Stacked Like a Layer Cake,” IFLScience, May 02, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Social Security Administration: Internet Access to Personal Earnings and Benefits Information,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-AIMD/HEHS-97-123, May 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Escobedo, “Sana Mente Center,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Dobbins, “How to Be an Airbnb Host Without Breaking the Law,” New York Times, p. RE12, Apr. 07, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Internet of Things Journal
AbbreviationIEEE Internet Things J.
ISSN (print)2327-4662
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Signal Processing

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