How to format your references using the IEEE Internet of Things Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Internet of Things Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Moreno, “Cancer: Darwinian tumour suppression,” Nature, vol. 509, no. 7501, pp. 435–436, May 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. A. Watmough and P. J. Dillon, “Mycorrhizal weathering in base-poor forests,” Nature, vol. 423, no. 6942, pp. 823–4; discussion 824, Jun. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Alboussière, R. Deguen, and M. Melzani, “Melting-induced stratification above the Earth’s inner core due to convective translation,” Nature, vol. 466, no. 7307, pp. 744–747, Aug. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Wang et al., “The effect of dielectric constants on noble metal/semiconductor SERS enhancement: FDTD simulation and experiment validation of Ag/Ge and Ag/Si substrates,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4052, Feb. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Kaszeta, CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
A. Patil and P. Gray, Eds., Engineering Education Quality Assurance: A Global Perspective. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-I. Inokuchi, S. Go, and Y. Hirabayashi, “Synthesis of O-Linked Glycoconjugates in the Nervous System,” in Glycobiology of the Nervous System, R. K. Yu and C.-L. Schengrund, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2014, pp. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Internet of Things Journal.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “What’s At The Bottom Of The Deepest Hole On Earth?,” IFLScience, Mar. 11, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Community Colleges: New Federal Research Center May Enhance Current Understanding of Developmental Education,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-656, Sep. 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Berkland, “Strain analysis of a detachment shear zone,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Medina, “In California, City Teeters On Brink of Bankruptcy,” New York Times, p. A15, Mar. 01, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Internet of Things Journal
AbbreviationIEEE Internet Things J.
ISSN (print)2327-4662
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Signal Processing

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