How to format your references using the IEEE Internet of Things Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Internet of Things Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. J. Nestler, “Epigenetics: Stress makes its molecular mark,” Nature, vol. 490, no. 7419, pp. 171–172, Oct. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Xiong and J. E. Ferrell Jr, “A positive-feedback-based bistable ‘memory module’ that governs a cell fate decision,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6965, pp. 460–465, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Dicke, J. J. A. van Loon, and P. W. de Jong, “Ecology. Ecogenomics benefits community ecology,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5684, pp. 618–619, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Li et al., “An equivalent realization of coherent perfect absorption under single beam illumination,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7369, Dec. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Karlson, A. Bria, J. Lind, P. Lönnqvist, and C. Norlin, Wireless Foresight. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
X. Cai and T.-C. J. Yeh, Eds., Quantitative Information Fusion for Hydrological Sciences, vol. 79. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Horvath and R. Cameron, “What’s a Makerspace (or Hackerspace)?,” in The New Shop Class: Getting Started with 3D Printing, Arduino, and Wearable Tech, R. Cameron, Ed. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2015, pp. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Internet of Things Journal.

Blog post
J. Fang, “From Dinosaur Arms To Bird Wings: It’s All In The Wrists,” IFLScience, 01-Oct-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Decision To Close the Sacramento Loan Guaranty Office and Planned Study of Other Loan Guaranty Operations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-80-16, Nov. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. Wisdom, “Reverie: A portal to the numinous—an exploration into early childhood psychospiritual awareness,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. J. de la MERCED, “Bank Hires Tech Expert to Court Traditional Firms,” New York Times, p. B2, 31-Jul-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Internet of Things Journal
AbbreviationIEEE Internet Things J.
ISSN (print)2327-4662
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Signal Processing

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