How to format your references using the IEEE Internet of Things Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Internet of Things Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. H. Szymańska, “Physics. Intertwining electron tunneling with light,” Science, vol. 336, no. 6082, pp. 679–680, May 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Karsenti and I. Vernos, “The mitotic spindle: a self-made machine,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5542, pp. 543–547, Oct. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Burkett, C. G. Groat, and D. Reed, “Hurricanes not the key to a sustainable coast,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5817, pp. 1366–1368, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Zhang, C. Xie, Q. Wang, and Z. Liu, “Interactions of CaMKII with dopamine D2 receptors: roles in levodopa-induced dyskinesia in 6-hydroxydopamine lesioned Parkinson’s rats,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6811, Oct. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Tunley, A. Whittaker, J. Gee, and M. Button, The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
R. D. Urman and J. M. Ehrenfeld, Eds., Physicians’ Pathways to Non-Traditional Careers and Leadership Opportunities. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Najafi, N. Afsham, P. Abolmaesumi, and R. Rohling, “A Closed-Form Differential Formulation for Ultrasound Spatial Calibration,” in Information Processing in Computer-Assisted Interventions: Third International Conference, IPCAI 2012, Pisa, Italy, June 27, 2012. Proceedings, P. Abolmaesumi, L. Joskowicz, N. Navab, and P. Jannin, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 44–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Internet of Things Journal.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Hubble Detects Faint Galaxy,” IFLScience, May 12, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “V-22 Osprey Aircraft: Assessments Needed to Address Operational and Cost Concerns to Define Future Investments,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-09-692T, Jun. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. F. Vado, “Foster Care Independence Act of 1999: A policy analysis,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Court Details Opposition To Bias in Jury Selection,” New York Times, p. A16, Mar. 20, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Internet of Things Journal
AbbreviationIEEE Internet Things J.
ISSN (print)2327-4662
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Computer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Signal Processing

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