How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Khodakhah K. Neuroscience: Decrypting a brain enigma. Nature. 2015;526(7573):326-327.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wang D, Fernandez-Martinez A. Materials science. Order from disorder. Science. 2012;337(6096):812-813.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Padture NP, Gell M, Jordan EH. Thermal barrier coatings for gas-turbine engine applications. Science. 2002;296(5566):280-284.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ceol CJ, Houvras Y, Jane-Valbuena J, et al. The histone methyltransferase SETDB1 is recurrently amplified in melanoma and accelerates its onset. Nature. 2011;471(7339):513-517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Shunmugaperumal T. Biofilm Eradication and Prevention. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Noakes DLG, Romero A, Zhao Y, Zhou Y, eds. Chinese Fishes. Vol 28. Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Demuijnck G. Poverty as a Human Rights Violation and the Limits of Nationalism. In: Follesdal A, Pogge T, eds. Real World Justice: Grounds, Principles, Human Rights, and Social Institutions. Studies in Global Justice. Springer Netherlands; 2005:65-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Oddball Animal Friendships. IFLScience. Published December 13, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/oddball-animal-friendships/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Sequesterability of Railroad Supplemental Annuity Pension Fund]. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gates DA. Best Practices and Strategies for Financial Literacy in Faith-Based Organizations. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Prochnik G. He Remade Kings. New York Times. January 6, 2017:BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Anesthesiology
ISSN (print)2468-824X
Scope

Other styles