How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cohen JY. Dopamine and serotonin signals for reward across time scales. Science. 2015;350(6256):47.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schneider DS, Chambers MC. Microbiology. Rogue insect immunity. Science. 2008;322(5905):1199-1200.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gros J, Serralbo O, Marcelle C. WNT11 acts as a directional cue to organize the elongation of early muscle fibres. Nature. 2009;457(7229):589-593.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gong K, Du F, Xia Z, Durstock M, Dai L. Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube arrays with high electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction. Science. 2009;323(5915):760-764.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Menk FW, Waters CL. Magnetoseismology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Carey FA. Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part B: Reactions and Synthesis. 5th ed. (Sundberg RJ, ed.). Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Williams K, March L, Wassell SR. Leon Battista Alberti, De lunularum quadratura. In: Williams K, March L, Wassell SR, eds. The Mathematical Works of Leon Battista Alberti. Springer; 2010:201-212.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. First Direct Evidence Of Microbial Life Under 1km Of Antarctic Ice. IFLScience. Published August 20, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/first-direct-evidence-microbial-life-under-1km-antarctic-ice/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Oversight of Wireless Phone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alimo CJ. From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chapman MM. Hundreds in Detroit Protest Over Move to Shut Off Water. New York Times. July 19, 2014:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Anesthesiology
ISSN (print)2468-824X
Scope

Other styles