How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. France finally picks Parisian site for new synchrotron. Nature. 2000;407(6801):119-120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heyes CM, Frith CD. The cultural evolution of mind reading. Science. 2014;344(6190):1243091.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Meng H, Bao Z. Self-assembled monolayer organic field-effect transistors. Nature. 2001;413(6857):713-716.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Moskun AC, Jailaubekov AE, Bradforth SE, Tao G, Stratt RM. Rotational coherence and a sudden breakdown in linear response seen in room-temperature liquids. Science. 2006;311(5769):1907-1911.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips JJ, Brantley W, Phillips PP. Project Management ROI. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Jacobson JW, Mulick JA, Rojahn J, eds. Handbook of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Sivanandam SN, Deepa SN. Classification of Genetic Algorithm. In: Deepa SN, ed. Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Springer; 2008:105-129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Are Space And Time An Illusion? IFLScience. Published May 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Made Progress, but Much Work Remains to Fully Share Medical Information. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie RA. A Correlational Study of Servant Leadership and Teacher Job Satisfaction in a Public Education Institution. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich N. Just Roll, Baby. New York Times. February 28, 2013:MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Anesthesiology
ISSN (print)2468-824X

Other styles