How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Knott G. Neurodegeneration: Cold shock protects the brain. Nature. 2015;518(7538):177-178.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Freeman AS, Byers JE. Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations. Science. 2006;313(5788):831-833.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Alonso S, Sagués F, Mikhailov AS. Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science. 2003;299(5613):1722-1725.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Holt JK, Park HG, Wang Y, et al. Fast mass transport through sub-2-nanometer carbon nanotubes. Science. 2006;312(5776):1034-1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Phelan J. Reading the American Novel 1920-2010. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Kovács G, Hoskin P, eds. Interstitial Prostate Brachytherapy: LDR-PDR-HDR. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gosling P, Noordam B. How to Think Like a Scientist. In: Noordam LD, ed. Mastering Your PhD: Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:27-34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. This Titan Submarine is one of Several Futuristic Projects NASA is Funding. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/titan-submarine-among-futuristic-projects-funded-nasa/. Published July 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Earth Resources Information Satellite System Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Butler-Roberts J. Fashioning distinction: construction of identity through dress and photography in nineteenth-century Paris. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Excuses, Excuses and Style Points for Alibis. New York Times. February 2, 2011:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Anesthesiology
ISSN (print)2468-824X
Scope

Other styles