How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (JAERE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bekoff, Marc. 2002. Animal reflections. Nature 419 (6904): 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, Anthony J, and David S Schoeman. 2004. Climate impact on plankton ecosystems in the Northeast Atlantic. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5690): 1609–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hainzl, Tobias, Shenghua Huang, and A Elisabeth Sauer-Eriksson. 2002. Structure of the SRP19 RNA complex and implications for signal recognition particle assembly. Nature 417 (6890): 767–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
An, Jihwan, Joong Sun Park, Ai Leen Koh, Hark B Lee, Hee Joon Jung, Joop Schoonman, Robert Sinclair, Turgut M Gür, and Fritz B Prinz. 2013. Atomic scale verification of oxide-ion vacancy distribution near a single grain boundary in YSZ. Scientific reports 3: 2680.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mynbaev, Kairat T. 2011. Short-Memory Linear Processes and Econometric Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Harju, Tero, Juhani Karhumäki, and Arto Lepistö (editors). 2007. Developments in Language Theory: 11th International Conference, DLT 2007, Turku, Finland, July 3-6, 2007. Proceedings. Vol. 4588. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Armoni, Michal, Tamar Benaya, David Ginat, and Ela Zur. 2010. Didactics of Introduction to Computer Science in High School. In Teaching Fundamentals Concepts of Informatics: 4th International Conference on Informatics in Secondary Schools - Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, January 13-15, 2010. Proceedings, ed. Juraj Hromkovič, Richard Královič, and Jan Vahrenhold, 36–48. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. The USSR Tried To Cover Up One Of The World’s Deadliest Nuclear Fallout Sites. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1954. Study of United States Government Wind Tunnels. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boukes, John. 2012. An exploration of online spam prevention through geolocational filters. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2011. Rhode Island Steps In for City. New York Times, November 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bekoff 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bekoff 2002; Richardson and Schoeman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Schoeman 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (An et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
ISSN (print)2333-5955
ISSN (online)2333-5963

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