How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (JAERE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zakamska, Nadia L. 2010. H(2) emission arises outside photodissociation regions in ultraluminous infrared galaxies. Nature 465 (7294): 60–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holthuis, Joost CM, and Anant K Menon. 2014. Lipid landscapes and pipelines in membrane homeostasis. Nature 510 (7503): 48–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhode, SC, M Pawlowski, and R Tollrian. 2001. The impact of ultraviolet radiation on the vertical distribution of zooplankton of the genus Daphnia. Nature 412 (6842): 69–72.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujii, Takashi, Miho Ota, Hiroaki Hori, Kotaro Hattori, Toshiya Teraishi, Junko Matsuo, Yukiko Kinoshita, Ikki Ishida, Anna Nagashima, and Hiroshi Kunugi. 2014. The common functional FKBP5 variant rs1360780 is associated with altered cognitive function in aged individuals. Scientific reports 4: 6696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billington, David P. 2013. Der Turm und die Brücke. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Chen, Feng, Yisheng Liu, and Guowei Hua (editors). 2013. LTLGB 2012: Proceedings of International Conference on Low-carbon Transportation and Logistics, and Green Buildings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohye, C. 2009. History of Stereotactic Surgery in Japan. In Textbook of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, ed. Andres M. Lozano, Philip L. Gildenberg, and Ronald R. Tasker, 59–63. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Top five myths about genetic modification. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. GAO Report on Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, Stacey M. 2008. Content Assessment in Intelligent Computer-Aided Language Learning: Meaning Error Diagnosis for English as a Second Language. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2007. Healthy but Not Preachy. New York Times, October 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ashworth 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bourzac 2013; Godfray 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holthuis and Menon 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cui et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
ISSN (print)2333-5955
ISSN (online)2333-5963

Other styles