How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (JAERE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jansen, Lars ET. 2012. Genetics. Sowing the seeds of centromeres. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6066): 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cantalupo, C, and WD Hopkins. 2001. Asymmetric Broca’s area in great apes. Nature 414 (6863): 505.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarlinton, Rachael E, Joanne Meers, and Paul R Young. 2006. Retroviral invasion of the koala genome. Nature 442 (7098): 79–81.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Jianmin, Feng Xu, Tamar Hashimshony, Ilana Keshet, and Howard Cedar. 2002. Establishment of transcriptional competence in early and late S phase. Nature 420 (6912): 198–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo, Gonzalo, and Miguel A García-Martín. 2006. The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Folke, Carl, Gary P. Kofinas, and F. Stuart Chapin (editors). 2009. Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marsh, George Perkins. 2014. Introduction (excerpts). In The Ecological Design and Planning Reader, ed. Forster O. Ndubisi, 25–32. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. Humans Continue To Evolve, Despite Lower Mortality and Fertility Rates. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Mass Transit: FTA’s New Starts Funding Criteria. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romano, Tracy A. 2014. Time-frequency classification of gamma oscillatory activity in the frontoparietal system during working memory. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary JO. 2016. For St. Patrick’s Day Parade 1855, Snow on the Clover. New York Times, March 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jansen 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Jansen 2012; Cantalupo and Hopkins 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cantalupo and Hopkins 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
ISSN (print)2333-5955
ISSN (online)2333-5963

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