How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (JAERE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, Nathan. 2008. Metabolomics: Biochemistry’s new look. Nature 455 (7213): 697–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aanen, Duur K, and Ton Bisseling. 2014. Microbiology. The birth of cooperation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6192): 29–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pesaran, Bijan, Matthew J Nelson, and Richard A Andersen. 2008. Free choice activates a decision circuit between frontal and parietal cortex. Nature 453 (7193): 406–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cavey, Matthieu, Matteo Rauzi, Pierre-François Lenne, and Thomas Lecuit. 2008. A two-tiered mechanism for stabilization and immobilization of E-cadherin. Nature 453 (7196): 751–56.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shuttleworth, W James. 2012. Terrestrial Hydrometeorology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Parenti Castelli, Vincenzo, and Werner Schiehlen (editors). 2010. ROMANSY 18 Robot Design, Dynamics and Control: Proceedings of The Eighteenth CISM-IFToMM Symposium. Vol. 524. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zheng, Rong, and Cunqing Hua. 2016. Spectrum Sensing and Access in Cognitive Radio Networks. In Sequential Learning and Decision-Making in Wireless Resource Management, ed. Cunqing Hua, 61–69. Wireless Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. Protect Your Privacy During Turbulent Times: A Hacker’s Guide To Being Cyber-Safe. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. OPM Retirement Modernization: Progress Has Been Hindered by Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allard, Lee. 2006. Exposure to Low-Level Ionizing Radiation and Risk of Leukemia and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in Participants of the Fernald Medical Monitoring Program. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Defends Position on Iraqi War. New York Times, July 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow 2008; Aanen and Bisseling 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aanen and Bisseling 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Cavey et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
ISSN (print)2333-5955
ISSN (online)2333-5963

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