How to format your references using the Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (JAERE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2004. Swatting flies. Nature 429 (6987): 111.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devos, Damien P, and Emmanuel G Reynaud. 2010. Evolution. Intermediate steps. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6008): 1187–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, Gaurav, Mansoor Bin Abdul Jalil, and Gengchiau Liang. 2014. Effect of band-alignment operation on carrier transport in Bi2Se3 topological insulator. Scientific reports 4: 6220.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sorek, Rotem, Yiwen Zhu, Christopher J Creevey, M Pilar Francino, Peer Bork, and Edward M Rubin. 2007. Genome-wide experimental determination of barriers to horizontal gene transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5855): 1449–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teague, Kevin Anthony, and Nicole Gallicchio. 2017. The Evolution of Meteorology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Forsmark, Chris E., and Timothy B. Gardner (editors). 2015. Prediction and Management of Severe Acute Pancreatitis. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Elder, James H. 2013. Perceptual Organization of Shape. In Shape Perception in Human and Computer Vision: An Interdisciplinary Perspective, ed. Sven J. Dickinson and Zygmunt Pizlo, 71–83. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. Watch Food Being Digested In This Fascinating And Gross Video. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. To Date, DISH Network Is Cooperating with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
George, Kathryn A. 2014. Housing adequacy and civic engagement in Los Angeles County. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2015. Puerto Rico Plans to Default on $174 Million in Bond Debt. New York Times, December 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Devos and Reynaud 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Devos and Reynaud 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Sorek et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
ISSN (print)2333-5955
ISSN (online)2333-5963

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